Geography and anthropology, both important topics to study when analyzing a historical event or time period. During the 15th century, which the Spice trade was the main trade route between Asia, North Africa, Europe and Arabia. Using the social studies subjects it is easier to find out how and why each country had to rely on this trade route in order to gain resources that were not as common local. The first struggle they faced was the geography of the land. Mountains, rivers and deserts, three of the many obstacles the traders had to face in order to earn money and get resources to merchants. Based on the geography of the land surrounding the countries, the traders had to alternate their trade routes in order to save time and avoid danger. They often tried to go around mountains and avoid streams if possible. Almost everything that is done has risk, when certain routes are more dangerous, goods and ships may be destroyed and lost in the process.



According to this map one can see the different obstacles the traders had to overcome. As soon as the people found out they could trade overseas, they started to create sea routes in order to save time and energy. Sea trade can be dangerous and unpredictable; a storm may occur at any time and wipe out the ships. Therefore, the financial damage a single person would be receiving would be devastating if his trading ships were to sink, but that problem was quickly solved. People discovered that they could co-own ships by selling shares to different people.


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Based on a primary source of (“World’s Oldest Share” World’s Oldest Share. N.p., 2010. Web. 05 Sept. 2015. <>.) one would be able to gather evidence that shares did in fact exist back then, this particular share was written in 1606, it is written in Dutch and it states the date, the amount of money and a signature of the person who bought it. On the first page is a contract in which the buyer must sign so that he or she may buy the share. The second page refers the purchases. Through this primary source we are able to understand the way they dealt with money. They couldn’t lose their money to a simple shipwreck so they have to sell shares so that it acts like insurance.



Anthropology is the study of different cultures and humankind, and that is a key subject to help us analyze how the traders interacted with locals when they were at the Indian Ocean. From the primary source on the Observations by George Early on Batavie (Gullick, J.M. “Adventures and Encounters: Europeans in South-East Asia” 1995) we are able to effectively infer. Even though George Early only stopped at the island for a short period, one can infer that the Dutch Government there is very welcoming to visitors since it is extremely unlikely that George Early is an illegal immigrant from Batavia. It is believed by the Europeans that spices are consumed for health benefits but it is unreasonably expensive since there is the “middleman” also known as the trader making money just from delivering products to the European merchants from other regions. As the Europeans start to struggle financially they will pick up their weapons, head down to the island and simply take over the regions high in resource themselves. Many regions and islands will suffer a similar fate as Batavia: taken over by Europeans. The advancement of the Europeans allowed the to develop more advanced weapons which allowed them to easily outmatch the locals of the island. The Europeans mistreated the locals at such extreme levels that the locals destroyed their own plantations. It was noted down by George Early that the natives said they would rather die than pay the heavy taxes the Europeans demanded. George Early took notes on the behavior of the natives of the island of Batavia, a form of anthropology, therefore this can be used as a key primary source to help understand the Spice Trade and how it worked. Based on some maps and primary sources it is easier to understand the years that the Spice Trade has been important and thrived.



(Gullick, J.M. “Adventures and Encounters: Europeans in South-East Asia” 1995)

Map: “Spice Trade.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Aug. 2015. Web. 05 Sept. 2015.

Primary Source: (“World’s Oldest Share” World’s Oldest Share. N.p., 2010. Web. 05 Sept. 2015. <>.)

Featured Image: “Spice Trade.” How to Start a Spices Buisness. N.p., 1 Feb. 2001. Web. 5 Sept. 2015.


September 1, 2015


This is a list of tips Eric and I created to help you 8th graders with blog posts!

1. Distractions

First off, turn off your tv, close your social networks and start reading your independent novel!



2. Procrastinating

Start your blog post days before it is due. Don’t wait until the night before its due. Seriously, finish your work days before it is due so that homework doesn’t pile up.


3. Pay attention in class

Paying attention in class is told to you all the time, but actually do it. The teacher tells you requirements for a 5 on a blog post, so listen to what they have to say.



4. Take advantage of class time

When your teacher allows you to work on a blog post in class, do it. Don’t think of it as free time.



The key to success in eight grade humanities is not entirely study wise… rather if you have fun, your grades will have a probable increase. Just not in the way of games. Remember you are only in 8th grade once!





Here are three books I would recommend to any 8th grader next year.

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1. The Art of Racing in the Rain  By: Garth Stein

Touching, the word that describes this book perfectly. Unlike all other books this story is in the perspective of a dog. Step into the shoes of a dog as he explores the world. Ever thought about life after death? You might not get that question answered now, but find out what a dog’s perspective on the afterlife is like.


2. I Am Number Four  By: Pittacus Lore

Ever wondered how it would feel like with superpowers? With the detailed description this book has, you almost feel like you are the one with powers. You will not be able to put down this book, the endless array of action will keep you locked onto this book.


3. The Maze Runner  By: James Dashner

Step into a dystopian world where teenager’s run through a maze trying to find a way out. See as they struggle through the different obstacles that are put before them. This book offers the perfect mix between emotion and action, people die creating newly formed courage which will help them through their journeys as a Maze Runner.

The Only Way For Peace


By: Edric Ma


In the future they will find us buried under wars,

Next to guns, nukes, blood and dead bodies,

They would say we were made for violence and that our civilization was never going to live in peace,

The history books will say war was the first thing we turned to.


We had a million ways to solve problems, but we always chose war,

Nobody knows why out of everyway to solve problems we chose war,

When they find a gun they would call it a problem solver,

Out of a million ways we chose war.


This is a poem I wrote through the guidance of the famous poet Luka Lesson.


Multimedia Poem about Hazel

Hazel, Hazel, Hazel

The most adventurous of all,

Listening to his stories,

One could mistaken him as a human,

but no, Hazel is no human,

Hazel is no more than a adventurous rabbit.

Hazel, Hazel, Hazel

What a adventurous rabbit you are.


What does adventure mean to a person? What does adventure mean to a animal? In the book Watership Down, A rabbit named Hazel is the main character. Hazel is no ordinary rabbit, he has many humanly traits. Although he is young, he shows many traits of which a leader would have. “He had not the harassed look of most ‘ outskirts ‘ – that is, the rank-and-file of ordinary rabbits in their first year who, lacking either aristocratic parentage or unusual size or strength. He looked as though he knew how to take care of himself.  There was a shrewd, buoyant air about him as he sat up, looked round and rubbed both front paws over his nose. As soon as he was satisfied that all was well, he laid back his ears and set to work on the grass. (Adams 4)” Fiver went looking for cowslips, when two elite fighter rabbits, known as Owsla. “Fiver had already turned away. Hazel caught him by the culvert. (6)” Through this quote you can see he is a leader and he needs to protect his little brother Fiver. Hazel is adventurous, he likes to tell others of his adventures. Seeing as he enjoys adventure, he goes out to explore.

In the book The Enemy by Charlie Higson the story is beginning to intensify. “Arran is bitten by an adult female zombie he thinks might have been his mother. The bite sickens him, and the group only just manages to escape.” (pg 128) This is one main part you can see that it is intensifying, the characters are starting to have some inner conflict due to the death of Arran. The group consisting of a group of kids cannot agree with each other because Arran, their leader, isn’t their to guide them and show them the right way. Seeing that this has happened I decided to make a multimedia for this blog post.



This is a letter the group would write to Arran, if only they could send it to heaven.

Dear Arran,

The group is trying to stay strong and help each other, but it really isn’t working. Now that you are gone, we notice how important you were to this group. You were like the glue to all of us loose pieces. I hope you are enjoying heaven because we aren’t enjoying earth, our only motive here is to survive. We will live on to honor your name.



The Whole Group



For the past three weeks, Casper, Brandon, Matthew, and I have been working on a travel magazine on some of the minorities in China. For research, we visited the Chinese Ethnic Minority in downtown Beijing. Every person in our group chose a specific minority to write on; represented below are the Bai Minority, the Gaoshan Minority, the Wuygur, and the Korean Minority.

There was a reason these boys were still alive,

If a wolf attacks his sheep,

the Shepard kills the wolf,

but he eats the sheep when he’s hungry.


From pages 26-30

This is a poem I created using quotes from the book describing the group which Arran leads.

In the unique book The Enemy by Charlie Higson, and important character named Arran is the co-leader of the Waitrose gang with Maxie. He is a strong and powerful leader, but he has a warm and kind heart. He will do anything to protect the kids and keep them alive and happy. He used to be the captain of his football team, and he is in great shape. He’s a very strong fighter, and he does his best not to let his feelings get in the way of leading the group.

Arran has feelings for Maxie, but he doubts that she returns them. He thinks that she’ll only think of him as her co-leader. He wishes that they could be something more, but he’s open to meeting other girls in other groups, too. He’s incredibly hard-working, and he spends hours scavenging for food with the other fighters in Waitrose. His father died from the illness, but he’s encountered his mother as a Sicko. He let her injure him when he paused in pure shock. He’s recovered from his injury since, and now shows absolutely no mercy to any Sicko. He’s a furious, brutal fighter, but a soft, kindhearted friend.

The Perfect Balance

April 23, 2015

This is the presentation Casper and I created on keynote and presented with Slidesnack about our perfect ice cream. When I am trying to find a good ice cream, I look for balance. Kuala Kreme definitely has good balance, not only does our ice cream have good balance it is also very big which can maximize customer satisfaction. Enjoy!