Feb 03 2016


How did the organization of early societies changed?

Filed under Asian Studies

Initially there were times when humans were nomads, who moves between regions to find food. However after the agricultural revolution, people started to stay in one place and farm. Soon people started to gather in fertile lands and formed villages. Then the villages were advanced into cities. The organization of the society became stable with more institutions and the economic growth. Humanity was able to stabilize their organization through complex institutions. In Egypt, they held institutions to divide into several rankings such as Kings, queen, royal family and so on, through religious believes. Egyptians worshiped the king as gods which made this possible. These kinds of complex institutions were done through religious believes, which is to maintain order amongst people. The economic growth also changed the organization of humanity. Before the neolithic age, humans had an unpredictable lifestyle. They were killing animals when they wanted to eat, and picked up berries when they found one. However after the economic growth as well as the develop of agriculture, people started to have pattern in their lives. They organized how they are going to plow their fields and harvest their crops. For example, Ur organized how they are going to plow their fields and planed out they irrigation system. By this we can infer that due to their complex institutions and economic growth, humanity became more organized and civilized.

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Nov 24 2015


How did Japan’s location result in it pursuing imperialist policies?

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Japan resulted in pursuing imperialist policies, was mostly because of its location. “The Japanese first encountered Europeans in 1543, when shipwrecked Portuguese sailors washed up on the shores of southern Japan. Portuguese merchants soon followed. They hoped to involve themselves in Japan’s trade with China and Southeast Asia” (Textbook 545). This shows that if Japan was not in its current location, they would not have encountered Portuguese sailors, which was their first interaction between Europe. They were the ones who started the trade with Japan, resulting other countries to interact with Japan as well. However Japan once banned its trade between foreign countries to stop the spread of Christianity. Other countries found this unpleasant, and wanted Japan to open their ports again, “Fillmore’s letter politely asked the shogun to allow free trade between the United States and Japan. Perry delivered it with a threat, however. He would come back with a larger fleet in a year to receive Japan’s reply. That reply was the Treaty of Kanagawa of 1854” (Textbook 810). In this quote, we can see that the Emperor does not have much power even though he is at the top of the power structure. On the other hand shogun, highest amongst Daimyos, had more power than the Emperor. Also it shows how Japan experienced imperialism for the first time, when America controlled their ports to increase their profit. Even though the treaty seems like it is signed by Japan’s own will, the quote show that they were forced to sign the treaty. It relates with the location since simultaneously, China also had to open their ports to foreigners due to their treaty. The location of Japan made it geographically easy for Foreigners to reach there, like China. However Japan did not only suffer, but also benefited from the treaty. The emperor, who seized the power after the shogun got expelled, decided to modernize Japan quickly, resulting them to have the strongest military power in Asia by 1890, “As Japan’s sense of power grew, the nation also became more imperialistic. As in Europe, national pride played a large part in Japan’s imperial plans. The Japanese were determined to show the world that they were a powerful nation” (Textbook 812). This quote shows that the treaty of Americans made the nation more powerful. Hence as they reached the certain level of their military strength, they felt equal to other European countries, thus felt capable to joined the game of imperialism with other European countries. They proved that this by attacking Korea, their neighbor country, who wasn’t as developed as them: “The Japanese first turned their sights to their neighbor, Korea” (Textbook 812). This quote shows that Korea was geographically adjacent to Japan. Thus to start off, Japan attacked Korea first. Therefore, Japan’s location affected them in pursuing imperialism from the beginning of interaction with European countries, to its attack towards Korea.

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Oct 22 2015


DBQ PEEL Paragraph Repost

Filed under Asian Studies

During the Aurangzeb Empire period, the relationship between the Mughal government and Hindus became unpleasant. Baktha’war Khan, an advisor to Aurangzeb, wrote, “The great temples of these infamous people have been thrown down and destroyed”. This shows that the Mughal government wants the religion to be eliminated and how they are not respecting their culture. In addition, after they destroyed the temples, they were “In a manner which excites astonishment at the successful completion of so difficult a task”. This showed that they performed a task, breaking temples, that was believed to be difficult to complete. It also shows how satisfied the Mughals were after accomplishing the task. Finally, “Hindu writers have been entirely excluded from holding public offices”. This quote shows that they wanted to abolish Hindu from the government so that Hindu cannot interact with people in public. It was to prevent them from spreading their religion, restricting their power. In conclusion, the undertaking that Mughal government took shows that the relationship between them and the Hindus changed awfully.

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Oct 11 2015


DBQ PEEL Paragraph

Filed under Asian Studies

Document 5

 

Point: The relationship between Mughal government and Hindus became unpleasant

Example 1: the great temples of these infamous people have been thrown down and destroyed in a manner which excites astonishment at the successful completion of so difficult a task

Explanation 2: They wanted the religion to be eliminated. Consequently they performed a task, breaking temples, that was thought it was hard to complete. Also it shows how happy the mugals were after accomplishing the task.

Example 1: Hindu writers have been entirely excluded from holding public offices,

Explanation 2: Shows that they aren’t tolerating their presence. They wanted to abolish hindu from the public. So that Hindu can’t interact with people to spread their religion. Consequently preventing them from having power

Link: The actions that Mughal government took, shows that the relationship between them and the Hindus became horrible.

Essay:

During the Aurangzeb Empire period, the relationship between the Mughal government and Hindus became unpleasant. Baktha’war Khan, an advisor to Aurangzeb, wrote that “The great temples of these infamous people have been thrown down and destroyed in a manner which excites astonishment at the successful completion of so difficult a task”. This shows that the Mughal government wants the religion to be eliminated. Consequently they performed a task, breaking temples, that was believed to be difficult to complete. It also shows how satisfied the Mughals were after accomplishing the task. In addition, “Hindu writers have been entirely excluded from holding public offices”. This shows that they aren’t tolerating Hindu’s presence. They wanted to abolish hindu from the public so that Hindu can not interact with people to spread their religion. Preventing them from gaining power. In conclusion, the undertaking that Mughal government took shows that the relationship between them and the Hindus changed awfully.

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Sep 10 2015


How Geography and Economy Link to Help us Understand the Spice Trade

Filed under Asian Studies

4 social studies subjects have affected spices trade: history, geography, economics, and cultural anthropology. In this blog post, I will be writing how 2 social studies subjects, geography and economics, associate with each other by referencing the primary source: Batavia and the map. Also how they can develop our understanding of the spice trade.

 

Geography contributed a lot in the spice trade. Europeans would not have gone to Arab to buy spices if they had a suitable climate for growing spices. In order to grow spices, such as pepper, there had to be a climate suitable for them to grow. India is one of the countries that spices grew very well. This is one of the reasons why Dutch colonized India, to gain spices for low price. Also seen from the map below, there is a massive distance between South East Asia, the region where spices were produce, and Europe. Europeans did not know how to reach south East Asia directly by sea, thus they traveled through the Silk Road. That is where they met Arab traders to trade spices and other goods. By looking at the Map we can also know that traders stopped at a lot of major ports: Cape town, Spain, St. Petersburg, and so on. We can assume that they were trading spices by sea. This is because of time efficiency since riding a boat is much faster than walking. Furthermore by knowing the massive distance between Europe and Asia and the fact that there were many ports. We can infer that there were many middlemen, traders between Asia and Europe, consequently raising the price as they trade. This resulted spices to be extremely expensive. Furthermore, some of the traders raised 100times more than the original price they bought. These aspects of geography effected the other social studies subject, economy, as well.

World Trade Map

The whole point of the spice trade was to profit individuals. Although spices are common nowadays, they weren’t in the 15th century. Spices became extremely popular at that time. The reason was because they thought spices were good for their health: “Many Europeans believed that good health depends on balance of the fluid or humors in one’s body. It was further believed that by adding spices to one’s food, these humors were put into balance”(Spice it up 1). Other than that, spices were used to flavor foods and preserve meat. However, spices were extremely valuable at that time. It was so expensive that only minority was able to afford it, and it became a representation of wealth. In Europe, pepper began to associate with gold, often at a one-to-one exchange rate. This shows us how pepper was expensive at that time. This is because of the distance between Europe and Asia. Consequently lots of middlemen appeared, which ties in with geography mentioned in the previous paragraph. In Dutch, nutmeg was exceedingly popular that they sold New Amsterdam, now known as Manhattan, for it. Merchants were unhappy about the price of spices. They wanted to gain monopoly of the spice trade in order to buy spices in a lower price. At that time, traders in Arab had the monopoly of the spice trade since they were the ones who bought and sold their spices. Some people started to find a direct route to India, where they can buy spices in a lower price. For example Christopher Columbus was sent to find India to buy spices in a cheaper price. Some countries, such as Dutch, colonized places where spices grow well to get spices in almost a free price: “forms the depot for the produce of all its possessions in the Eastern Archipelago… Of the three articles most in demand for European consumption, coffee, pepper, and sugar”(Batavia). This made Europe’s economy better, however people from colonized islands, such as India, suffered from exploitations. Farmers in India had extremely high tax rates for them to handle: “This system has been found so oppressive, that frequently the natives, driven to desperation, destroy their own plantations, preferring beggary to such severe taxation”(Batavia).

In conclusion, geography and economy affected each other in spice trade. Without understanding both social studies subjects, we would not understand why spices were expensive and why people made certain choices related to spice trade.

Citations

Primary Source: Early, Gearge. Batalvia. 1832

Map: “SILK ROAD & RELATED TRADE ROUTES.” SilkRoute.Net. N.p., n.d. Web.

Secondary Source: Segade, Irene. “Big Era Six – The Convergency.” (n.d.): n. pag. World History for Us All. UCLA. Web. <http://worldhistoryforusall.sdsu.edu/units/six/panorama/06_panorama.pdf>.

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Aug 25 2015


Quick Essay

Filed under Asian Studies

The 4 lenses of social studies are: geography, history, economic, and cultural anthropology. Firstly, geography tells the climate and the landscape of a certain area. This can differ products that one area makes. For example, the climate where banana grows and the climate where apple grows are not the same. Also geography makes a certain area interact with other countries better. If a certain country is surrounded by mountains, it would be hard to interact with other countries. In addition, history and determine which countries are allies or rivals. If so, countries are likely to trade with others who are close to them, which can also relate in economy. Also certain events can suddenly change a country, thus can also influence the whole world. For example, the Russian revolution impacted a lot of countries, which made their actions towards the lower class people different. Furthermore, economics influenced the choices of what the country makes. Because there was a high demand of spices, several countries colonized islands for spices. Finally cultural anthropology, such as their religion, can change their attitude towards different people or they can make decisions due to their religious beliefs. For example we can know why Indians doesn’t eat steaks, which is because of Hindu. To add on, traditions in Korea changed the history of its own. When people tried to resist against the government, their captain had to go back home because his parent died. This tradition of having funeral by his or hers son was crucial during this time.

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May 30 2015


Satisfied with the choice

Filed under Humanities

What will do after you steal something from someone else? Will you keep it or will you give it back to the owner? If your going to keep it, remember that you will feel guilty after a while. In this book How to Steal a Dog by Bybarbara O’connor, the protagonist, Georgina goes through a conflict after stealing a dog.  However, she eventually resolves the conflict and becomes satisfied with her choice.  She goes through a conflict with money and stealing because her family had lack of money which eventually made her steal a dog. However, these conflict consequently gets resolved in different ways. In this written post, I am going to write about the resolution of the book by explaining how the conflict resolves.

If you had read my second post on How to Steal a Dog, you will probably know what the main conflict is. The two conflict that has been resolved that I’m going to discus is when Georgina had a conflict whether or not to return the dog. Recently Georgina’s father has disappeared because his business had been bankrupted. Even though her mother worked on two jobs, she was not able to afford enough money to buy a house. Consequently, three of them, Georgina, her mother, and Toby had to live in a car which Georgina didn’t find it pleasant. She hated living in a small uncomfortable car. Georgina started to miss the house she used to live in thus, she thought she should change this situation. One day she saw a reward sign saying that they will reward $500 whoever finds their dog. Georgina plotted a plan to steal a dog and return to its owner when they have the reward ready. At first, she was anxious whether or not she would succeed. She also felt guilty of her planning to steal another person’s dog. Eventually, she steals a dog called Willy who’s owner is Ms. Whitmore. Georgina thought that Ms. Whitmore is an extremely wealthy women since the street beside of her house was called Whitmore Street. Moreover, the looked as if she loved this cute adorable dog, Willy. Therefore, Georgina thought if she steal Willy, Ms. Whitmore will definitely hand people out the reward sign right after she notices that her dog disappeared. Surprisingly even several days have passed, she did not send out a reward sign. Not able to resist her curiosity on why Ms. Whitmore is not trying to find her dog, she eventually visits Ms. Whitmore. Georgina finds out that Ms.Whitmore is actually not rich enough to get the money for the rewards. However, she was depressed that her dog suddenly disappeared. Georgina felt sorry for Ms. Whitmore and struggles through a person vs person conflict. She does not know whether or not she should return Ms. Whitmore’s dog, or somehow make her afford enough money for the reward. This conflict resolves when Georgina finally decides to return Willy to Ms. Whitmore.

I am very satisfied with the result that Georgina returned Willy to Ms. Whitmore. Throughout the story, I was extremely mad at Georgina because she stole her dog just because she wanted money. That is like a thief trying to steal money for his or her goods. I was gratified that she decided to give Willy back because it was the right choice to make for her and Ms. Whitmore: “I lifted the latch and opened the gate. Then I let go of Willy’s collar and watched him dash across the yard and up the steps, then disappear through the doggie door and into the house”(Barbara 161). I also liked Ms. Whitmore forgiving Georgina instead of barking at her for stealing her dog: “I knew he wouldn’t be mad when I told him how happy Willy was and how Carmella didn’t hate us”(Barbara 165). If Ms. Whitmore, yelled at Georgina, the protagonist could’ve stolen another dog which is not the right choice to make. Furthermore, I was happy that Georgina’s mom afforded enough money for a house and Georgina didn’t have to be sad anymore: “You heard me. We’re moving. And I’m talking house. A real house”(Barbara 167). Finally I was very satisfied that Georgina knows that she made the right choice and that she was feeling guilty that she has stolen Willy from Ms. Whitmore: “I knew I had made the right decision because my tapping insides had finally settled down. But I still felt bad about what I’d done. I still wished I could turn back the time far enough to where I could do things different”(Barbara 169). Therefore, I am very satisfied with the resolution of this book.

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May 17 2015


Return or Just to Steal

Filed under Humanities

Everyone has problems with money. Sometimes, people can not afford money to buy things they want to buy. This is why crimes, such as stealing, happen. In this book How to Steal a Dog by Bybarbara O’connor, the protagonist goes through an internal conflict, person vs person, because their family had no money to afford a house. Therefore, they had to live and sleep in the car which she didn’t find it pleasant. In this post I am going to write a post on the rising action of this book by connecting with Georgina and my conflict.

If you had read my first blog post on How to Steal a Dog you will get what the conflict of this book is. However, since the conflict became more serious I will explain once again. The protagonist, Georgina, is a little girl who’s in elementary school. She had a lovely family who are her mom, dad, and her little brother Toby. One day her dad’s business got bankrupted which consequently made them poor. Her dad suddenly vanished from their sight a day or two after the bunkrupt, which led Georgina’s mom take care of two children alone. Because Georgina’s mom was not working at that period, she did not have any money to afford a house. Georgina felt anxious that someone might see her living in a car: “What if someone I knew saw me sitting there? What would I say?”(Bybarba 27). Thus, she became very irritated and started to blamed her mom for living in this poor condition. At last, Georgina was not able to handle living in the car so she decides to think of a solution. Finally she came up with a solution to steal a dog from a rich person and when the rich person sends out a reward sign. She carefully wrote her plot on her notebook and started searching for a perfect dog to steal with Toby. Toby, not knowing what he is knowing, agreed to cooperate with Georgina to steal a dog. They found a dog which had a rich owner that would definitely try to find her dog. It was Ms. Whitmore’s cute intelligent dog, Willy, who owned the entire Whitmore Road. By this, Geogina inferred that the owner would be rich and would love her dog so much that she would pay anything for it. From then, she decided to steal Willy for the money: “I had to steal that little dog, Willy. No matter what”(Bybarba 32). Even though Georgina decided to steal the dog, she hesitated. She knew that stealing others property was wrong but on the other hand, she wanted to escape from this poor condition. During this conflict she became rude to her mother because she thought her mother caused all this misfortune, “Maybe you could act like a mother”(Bybarba 49). Eventually she stole Willy from the owner: “I took the string out of my pocket and tied it to his flea collar... Willy ran besides me”(Bybarba 71). She waited for days for the owner to send out a rewards sign, but she didn’t. It turned out that the owner of the dog wasn’t rich and did not own the whole road. She did not have any money to afford money for the rewards, but was grief that her dog disappeared. Georgina started to feel guilty and had conflict whether or not to return Willy or keep him until she finds the money for the reward:” When you stop stirring, it will stop stinking. Or you can take the dog back and get the reward  money like you planned. That is the decision you will have to make”(Bybarba 152). At last, she returns Willy to the owner.

Similar to Georgina’s experiment, I also had an akin situation on whether or not I should return stuffs that did not belong to me. When I was in 5th grade, I started to realize that I was the only student that did not have any mechanic pencil. Everyone had at least one mechanic pencil whether or not it was cheap or expensive. I asked my mom to buy me a mechanic pencil however, my mom replied: “Why would you need a mechanic pencil when you have tons of pencils to use?”. I was really mad when she rejected my request because she haven’t bought me anything since 4th grade. Now I know that there was difficulties with my dad’s job, but I did not know anything back then. I felt that this was similar to Georgina’s conflict because her mom did not afford her house to live because her mom did not have any money to buy one. Also she does not know how difficult it is to earn money. I started to think of a plan to get mechanic pencils somehow. I went to the store that had mechanic pencils and stared at it for several minutes. At last, I decided to steal the pencil instead of asking my mom, who would never buy me the pencil. I was educated well enough that stealing was bad in any conditions, but I wanted the mechanic pencil too much I did not mind whether or not I became bad. The next day, I stole the mechanic pencil without getting caught. I dashed straight into my house clutching the mechanic pencil I stole.  It was almost the same as Georgina’s experience because she also stole Willy for her own goods. Furthermore, when I came back to my house, I saw a mechanic pencil with a letter on my desk I have never seen. It was from my mom who bought me the mechanic pencil. After that, I felt extremely thankful and decided not to steal stuffs anymore. Few minutes after I found the present, I walked down to the shop and returned the mechanic pencil. This is similar to Georgina because she also decided to return Willy because of another person, Ms. Whitmore. Ms. Whitmore looked extremely sad without Willy so Georgina felt guilty and decided to return Willy.

In the end, I think we both made the right choice of returning what doesn’t belong to us. I believe that people have to return stuffs that doesn’t belong to them in any conditions.

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May 15 2015


Travel Magazine

Filed under Humanities

I am very proud that I was able to do all my research on Uzbek minorities along with Mongol, Lhoba, and Dong. There were a lot of categories to research on, however I managed my time to research all of the minorities and make either ad, infographic, and a map with the facts I know.

I could’ve done better on cooperating with the group. Since our working times are all different, it was hard to get things together. For example, while I usually do work after 7 some of the members started their work at 5 and sleep at 8. Therefore, it was hard to ask questions or to get suggestions from group members. We should’ve decided on a time to gather work so that we could get our work done more efficiently.

Throughout this project, I learned that talking with group members are very important. While working I realized that if one people does not get what we are suppose to do, it brings big confusions to the group. This might lead to conflicts on whether who’s right or wrong. Furthermore, I learned that understanding others opinions are important. I’ve noticed that one people giving suggestions does not make a good product. Instead, we should’ve wrote down everyone’s opinion and then decide what is the best idea  that suits the magazine.

Advice for students next year who’s going to do this project, I’ll recommend them to choose a minority that is well known. Also choose a minority that lives in a certain area like Mongol because if your minority people are scattered all over the place, it is really hard to research about them.

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May 10 2015


Money is Always The Problem

Filed under Humanities

Screen Shot 2015-05-10 at 2.16.11 PMScreen Shot 2015-05-10 at 2.16.19 PMScreen Shot 2015-05-10 at 2.16.26 PMScreen Shot 2015-05-10 at 2.16.34 PM

This is a multimedia post on the exposition of the book How to Steal a Dog written Bybarbara O’connor. Base on the conflict of this story, I have made a comic strip. The main conflict of the story is whether not to steal the dog to get the award. In my comic strip, I have shown this by showing the cause of the conflict and what conflict the protagonist goes through.

In this book How to Steal a Dog, the protagonist Georgina’s father suddenly disappeared after his business became bankrupt. Therefore, all of her family got kicked out of their house which made them live in a car. Because the car is small and uncomfortable, Georgina and her brother, Toby, complained all day which drove her mom crazy. Consequently, her mom got mad and they had a fight. This was when Georgina planned to earn money instead of her inefficient mother. One day she saw a sign that said reward 500$: “A faded old sign that said: REWARD. $500. And under that was a picture of a bug-eyed little dog with it’s tongue hanginging out. And then under that it said: have you seen me? My name is Mitsy”(Bybarara 11). Georgina asked her mom whether or not $500 was enough to afford a house. Her mom replied that it was enough for a house, which made Georgina think of a plan. The plan came up with was to steal a dog and return the dog back to its owner when he or she sends out a reward sign. She told Toby that they are going to steal the dog the next day however on the other side, she knew this wasn’t a good choice to make: “Half of me was thinking, Georgina, don’t do this. Stealing a dog is plain wrong. The other half of me was thinking, Georgina, you’re in a bad fix and you got to do whatever it takes to get yourself out of it”(Bybarara 18).

Citation: www.pixton.com

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