The organizations of early societies changed by people migrating to different areas and developing a city. The migrations of the people caused influences to different societies, so their culture and tradition changed. The early people started out in Africa, and they migrated to India, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. At first, people needed to depend on one another to survive, but the development of cities made them go against each other for survival. Before all the advanced technology, people had to work hard in order to survive. They needed to earn money, grow food, and take care of everything their selves, but technology such as the wheel, irrigation ditched, and tools changed all that. These things made the task easier. In a society, people were grouped into different social classes determined by their wealth, power, marriage, etc. Small villages advancing into cities caused a more organized society.
The military leaders and the power structure of Japan wanted an empire for their selves. In 1931, Japan’s expansion has begun [textbook]. After many victories against countries, Japan seemed invincible, but they weren’t. Japan attacked places such as Pearl Harbor, Britain, and Hong Kong. The people from those places weren’t happy, especially America. As Japanese imperialism grew, the more America became anxious to strike back. “Doolittle bombed Tokyo and several other Japanese cities. The bombs did little damage. The raid, however, made an important psychological point to both Americans and Japanese: Japan was vulnerable to attack” (textbook, p.934). Since Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, the Americans were not happy about it, so Lieutenant Doolittle bombed Japan. The bombing shook the confidence of the Japanese, and it made America realize that Japan was approachable or susceptible to attack. “American pilots destroyed 332 Japanese planes, all four aircraft carriers, and one support ship. Yamamoto ordered his crippled fleet to withdraw. By June 7, 1942, the battle was over. The Battle of Midway turned the tide of war in the Pacific” (textbook, p.934). Since the Japanese would attack, allied code breakers broke one of the codes that the Japanese used to send secret messages [textbook]. The allies found out that the Japanese were heading to Midway, so the allies let the Japanese attack the land first, and then they would attack them. The strategy was successful because the allies caused the Japanese to retreat and they destroyed many Japanese planes and ships. It wasn’t a great idea for Japan to rapidly take over so many countries because they don’t have enough people to guard it so it would be taken over. The Japanese weren’t ready for these attacks and they lost a lot of land that they gained. Since Japan had a very powerful military force and attacked many other countries, Japan’s consequences was the wrath of the victims.
DBQ #1 Peel
What was Akbar attempting to do?
Document 1 is from Emperor Akbar, grandson to Babur and third Emperor of the Mughals.
I perceive that there are varying customs and beliefs of varying religious paths…But the followers of each religion regard the institution of their own religion as better than those of any other…wherefore I desire on appointed days the books of all the religious laws be brought forward, and the scholars meet and hold discussion, so that I may hear from them, and that each one may determine which is the truest and mightiest religion.
Point: to determine which religion is the truest and mightiest.
Evidence 1: All the religious laws be brought forward.
Explanation 1: The laws be brought forward, and discuss so the emperor can hear.
Evidence 2: The followers of each religion regard the institution of their religion as better than those of any other.
Explanation 2: Scholars from different religions gather to debate and determine which religion is better than any other.
Link: The religions are all brought forward so the debate on which religion is better will end by the emperor’s decision.
Akbar was attempting to make all religious laws be brought forward to decide which religion is the truest and mightiest. It says in the passage, “All the religious laws be brought forward,” and that means that the laws be brought forward to the emperor to discuss. Akbar also says that the followers of each religion regard the institution of their religion as better than those of any other. He is stating that scholars from different religions gather to debate and determine which religion is superior among the others. After listening to the discussion, Akbar’s decision will end the debate on which religion is better.
Chandragupta Maurya ruled the Mauryan Empire, and it was started by Chandragupta killing the Nanda king. After the death of Chandragupta Maurya, his grandson, Asoka ruled the empire. Asoka brought the empire to its greatest heights, and he strongly promoted Buddhism. There were practices about suffering and desires and the eight-fold path. After the death of Asoka, the Mauryan Empire fell, and Buddhism nearly went extinct. Clearly, Asoka influenced the country. The textbook mentions Asoka and the Mauryan Empire, but the crash course video spends most of his time talking about who Asoka was and what he did. The textbook relates to the video mostly by the great ruler, Asoka.
The 4 lenses of social studies were present during the Spice Trade in many ways. If the contribution of the 4 lenses weren’t present, the Spice Trade wouldn’t have been very successful. First, geography played an important role during the time of the Spice Trade. People from different countries traveled around to obtain the specific spice that they needed, but they also spread their culture and religion to the places they went. One idea traded was Buddhism. The new culture of course influenced many travelers and the places the travelers went. As shown on the map, there were 2 main routes: Central Asia to China and Europe to Central Asia. However, what happened during the time of the Spice trade wasn’t flawless. The major obstacle was the bubonic plague (black death). This plague was present during 1336 and it moved from the east to west. This plague was a disaster for the majority of people, but some merchants could’ve benefited by increasing the price of spices because spices were used for medicine. Medicinal Spices were very significant, but there were many other uses besides medicine. The spices cassia and cinnamon were quite expensive because they were used for embalming. Some other spices were used in perfumes and scent related items and many spices were used for flavoring. There were many spices, but some were valued way more than others. Peppercorns were valued most and only used in special occasions. Some people got protective and starting locking their spices up in some sort of cabinet. Traveling and exploring were some ways of looking at cultural anthropology, as revealed by Christopher Columbus’ and Vasco de Gama’s journey. Columbus studied unknown waters using very little amount of technology. Soon after he calculated everything, he departed and discovered America. Vasco de Gama traveled to trade spices and convert people to Christianity. Since the Spice Trade was a world-wide interconnection, it brought back a lot of money for the countries.
The purpose of the Spice Trade was to make more money, discover and get new things, and connecting with other countries. Since spices had many uses, they were valued by many and sold at high prices. The most valued and expensive spice was the peppercorn. They were treated as if it were gold. Other spices and items were sold like silk. Silk was very important and only produced in China. People in China devoted their lives to making silk. There were attempts to ban silk during the time, but it all failed. Great demand and highly controlled supply was the key to success. There were many disasters and obstacles along the way of the Spice Trade, but merchants benefited from that because they could increase the price of the spices. However, the price sometimes had to decrease. Who were the ones who started the Spice Trade? What was the history behind it? Well, the Spice Trade originated from Europe and that was because Europeans desired for more goods. In the article, A Taste for Adventure, it says that the resentment against the Arab stranglehold had caused Rome to launch an invasion of Arabia around 24BC, but it ceased in humiliation. In 40BC, Hippalus discovered an easier and safer path from Egypt’s Red Sea coast to India. After that discovery, of course Roman trade with India thrived. The Spice Trade really did reshape the lives of most people and was a major event of the past. It brought new religions and culture to other lands and made up the world that is today.
“A Taste for Adventure.” The Economist. N.p., 17 Dec. 1998. Web.
Picture found on:
“Venice Trade.” N.p., 11 Dec. 2008. Web.
This video was connected to geography because Columbus, Vasco de Gama, and Zheng He all traveled across oceans to reach their destination. They traveled by ship and Zheng He for example, he traveled to different countries to build relationships so they won’t attack China and they’ll keep China in glorious state. For economics, they traded a lot. Especially with China because they were superior in items and it brought a lot of money to China. They were successful until Zheng He died. After his death, China was isolated from the other countries and focused on protecting. When the explorers came back from their voyage, they would bring traded goods and sometimes exotic animals that they found there. For history, the explorers created history because they went around discovering different countries and paths. For example, Columbus discovering America. Columbus used very little amount of technology and he calculated everything for him to reach America. He made a good relationship with the Spanish and lead them because they knew the route to America. These discoveries that they made probably affected other explorers in the future in a good way. It might have opened up a door for others. Lastly, cultural anthropology would be that they traveled to these places to obtain the spices or items that they wanted. More importantly sailing to find countries. Back then, there was barely any technology, but now there are many advanced technologies available for us so we don’t have to calculate as much. That’s a thing that has changed a lot.
By considering the evidence presented in the Traders simulation, and the ‘Spice it up’ reading done in class, explain how the 4 lenses of the social studies interact to help us understand how the world works. Max 1 paragraph.
The merchants always had to travel to different countries to obtain the specific spice or item that needed. That showed how much the merchants desired to have the spices or how valuable it was. In the simulation and in real life, there was a lot of trading going on with the merchants and traders. They all wanted more money and spices. There was also cost and demand which was how much the farmers demanded for the spice and of course the price of it. During the traveling, new religions were spread to different countries. People could’ve spread Christianity to a place where there was no religion or was another religion. The silk road had a history behind it like how it was created and why. To travel and buy other spices. For cultural anthropology, it was like what spice the people liked and that they’ll travel to receive it. Also the trading and human interactions impacted a lot to the 4 lenses.
about 10 minutes
What was an interesting thing you have learnt while completing this task?
What was interesting for me was how much peppers were valued. They were only used for special occasions and they were kept locked up in their cabinets because they were expensive and precious.