10 Portrait Techniques

1. Alter Perspective
This photo is taken by looking at the subject from a different perspective. An example of how you could take the photo is by moving around your subject and taking a photo from views that you normally wouldn’t look at such as from above or below.

2. Moving Subject Out of Their Comfort Zone
The photo shown is of my brother twisting himself off the couch. My brother is a really active person and loves to move around, so I had captured the photo of him coming off the couch in style. An example of how you could capture this photo is by having your subject run or jump around then taking photos.

3. Focus on One Body Part
The photo taken is of my moms hand, I tried to show elegance in the posture and brightness in the photo. An example of how y0u could take this photo is of trying to look at a part of someone, and try to display it in a certain way with either lighting or posture.

4. Framing Part of the Subject
The photo uses two objects to cover up a bit of the subject to show only one part of their face. An example of how you could take this photo is of framing or covering up and exposing the only part that you want to show.

5. Changing the Format Framing
Portraits or photos in general can be taken vertically or horizontally. Portrait photos may not capture the background of the subject and makes the photographer focus more on the entirety of the subject. Horizontal photos allow the photographer to also capture the background of the subject.

6. Playing Around with Backgrounds
The background of the subject is pretty important as it can tell the scene and could show you the personality of the subject. A plain background can lead the viewers more specifically into the subject, while a noisy or crowded background may leave the viewers to explore the background more instead of the subject. An example of how you could take this photo is by taking the photo with a plain white background or to just take the portrait photo in another place outside.

7. Holding the Camera at an Angle
By holding the camera at an angle it can create a different sense to the photo, as much like taking photos from a different perspective it allows the viewers to see something that they typically don’t see. To take this type of photo you would need to tilt the camera a bit and capture the photo of the subject.

8. Taking Unfocused Shots
Unfocused shots are shallow depth of field photos, they allow the viewer to look at the objects around the subject while still showing the subject but blurred. This photo is taken by changing the aperture of the camera to shallow depth of field thus things closer to the camera will be in focus, while things further away will be blurred.

9. Experimenting with Subject Expressions
The subjects expressions can be changed and captured, the different expressions can display different emotions to the viewers. These photos can be taken by preparing the photo with the subject, such as making them laugh or interacting with them.

10. Filling the Frame
By filling the frame with the subject, every aspect of their face is shown. The photo can be taken by zooming or moving close to the subject, make sure that the lighting is good and reveals the entire face.

Cyanotype Reflection

-What is the history of this process? When was it invented and by whom?  What did people initially use it for?
The process of cyanotypes was made by Sir John Hershal in 1842, he was an english astronomer. He had created the process for the purpose of making/saving blueprints or notes. Many people used this process to create blueprints or to save an image of things that are fading.
-Summarize the process of making a cyanotype-take us through the steps.
1. Scan image or use an image from online
2. Using photoshop crop straighten out your image
3. Adjust the photo to black and white. Tweak the exposure if you need to. B & W, adjust levels and exposure. Invert the image, so that the image is negative
4. Print the image onto an A4 paper, afterwards copy the A4 to a transparency sheet.
5. In a dark room without any large amounts of light, mix the Potassium ferricyanide and Ferric ammonium citrate solutions then pour the mixture onto a sheet of watercolor paper. Using a spongeroller or brush spread out the solution.
6. Let the paper dry in a dark area if it is exposed to light then it would change color.
7. Put your transparency sheet onto your watercolor paper and secure it with rocks or paperclips. Make sure its secure, the more still the image the more clear it becomes.
8. Leave the paper outside for it to be exposed to the light.
9. After exposure, wash off with running water for a few minutes.
10. Coat paper with hydrogen peroxide.
11. Wash off with water for another couple minutes.
12. Hang dry.
-What did you enjoy about making cyanotypes?
I enjoyed the process in making the cyanotype as well as the “unveiling” for example the washing of the ink, as you could finally see the full image.
-What was challenging about making them?
A challenge in making the cyanotypes was the photoshop work as well as the printing of the image onto the transparency sheet, as there were a lot of steps to remember.
-What tips would you give someone who was making a cyanotype for the first time?
Have the steps or process in front of you so that you don’t miss or forget something.

Field Trip Blog Post

-Introduce the field trip-what did we do and where did we go?
During Oct 26, 2017, our Digital Photography class had gone into the city to the Hutongs and the Bell Tower to take photos of the people and life there.

-What did you enjoy most about the trip? Why?
I enjoyed the opportunity in which I could spend time with friends outside of school to take photos. As well as experience and capture the life there. I felt that everyone got to experience what it was like to be a professional photographer, and it wasn’t too much of a challenge as we all had other friends there to support us, and make the experience worthwhile.

-What techniques did you try out on the assignment list that worked out for you? What did you have to keep in mind to get a successful shot?
From the assignment list, I had tried Panning, Aperture, and others. Panning was quite hard to capture as I felt that it was hard to anticipate when a bike or car would come past. At the end, I had captured a photo in which the person the bike was well in focus, and I thought that the photo looked nice.

-What surprised you about the photo walk?  Interactions with people?  Life in the hutong neighborhoods? Describe.
The photo walk was surprising as it showed the unseen places of Beijing. It was much like behind the scenes or something that people don’t really think about first when thinking about Beijing. It also showed the true culture, of Beijing. I had found that interacting with people was quite hard, and that sometimes when you find that someone is in a good posture, you take the photo right away. Afterwards the person may not like you taking photos of them, and may find it rude. But there was one lady who was kind enough to pose for a group of us. The life in the Hutong neighborhoods was quite simple, I felt that everything was the same, and that may colors were fading. The constant color of grey made the rest of the people and plants more dominant on the other hand. Something that we had found during this trip was that the neighborhood was really close and that every person walking or biking would know each other.

-What was challenging for you on this trip? Why? How did you deal with this?
Something that I had found was challenging during this trip was anticipating the shot due to the fact that I found it was hard to decide what to capture. From anticipating the shot, I had figured out that I would just survey my surroundings and focus on one thing at a time. Secondly was how to focus on the scenes instead of just hanging out with friends. What I had done to improve this was to stick with a small group of people and to stay further away from the larger group. But within the smaller group I had also wandered at least 5 meters away so that I had focus more intently.

-What new ideas do you have now about street photography?  
Some new ideas that I have about street photography now include understanding the area before capturing a photo, and also to look for something or to just see things differently.

-What’s the most important thing you learned by having this field trip experience?
The most important thing that I had learned by having this field trip is that sometimes the more people doesn’t necessarily mean the better. For example, the more the people bunched together it is harder to find something that is different from everyone else. It also creates an environment that may be distracting for many.

Aperture Collage

-In your own words, what’s the definition of Aperture and it’s role in the Exposure Triangle?

Aperture is the adjustment of the camera lenses which allows the photo to blur out or focus. It changes the depth of field for an image, for example a smaller aperture has a shallow depth of field. The larger the lens the more details are captured as more light is entering the camera. The smaller the lens the more light appears within the lens which only allows it to focus on the objects near to it.
The role of aperture in the exposure triangle is that the higher the Aperture the faster the Shutter Speed, and also the lower the ISO. But the lower the Aperture, means that there will be a slower Shutter Speed as well as a middle/larger ISO.

-When would you use a lower aperture or a higher aperture?  Give an example of each situation.

A lower aperture would be used if you wanted to capture a part of the image while blurring everything else around the focus point, this also is a shallow depth of field. A higher aperture would be to widen the lens and take in more of the image while displaying every aspect of the image sharply.
For example if you wanted to take a photo of an entire view like for instance New York’s Horizon, you would use a higher aperture to take in every detail. But if you wanted to take a photo of an object or person but there are lots of things happening behind the intended target you would use a lower aperture to blur out the things behind the target captured.

-What are some things you need to be careful when having either an aperture that is high or an aperture that is low?  What can go wrong and what are some ways you can avoid these problems? Be specific of the other exposure triangle settings that you might have to manipulate.

Many cameras have limitations to the aperture, and some can’t go very low or high. Thus, many of us have to adjust to our restrictions when taking photos by not taking it too close or too far. Another thing that many have to be wary about is the image that you want to capture, for instance when you have a setting you want to keep you have to have the right aperture to catch the opportunity. So whenever you take photos you have to check your aperture beforehand and adjust it to fit the image you want to take.

-How does understanding Aperture and it’s role help you navigate the camera in Manual Mode?

Aperture helps us navigate the camera as it gives us another option to use in Manual Mode, this role can be used to show a different perspective, as well as style.

1 Object / 30 Times

The assignment that we had was to bring in an object, and to take 30 photos of the same object while displaying different Principles of Design, as well as Elements of Art. The purpose of this assignment was to show how creative we could be with 1 object and how we could use the things we had learned before in class such as Principles of Design, and Elements of Art to showcase the object.
It is important to understand the Composition Guidelines so that we would not overcomplicate ourselves when taking photos, and to make the picture in your mind easier to find once you apply it to real life. From this assignment the most challenging aspect was to be creative with the object and to see the different principles and elements around myself. Another challenging aspect was to look at objects or areas in a different perpective and not to show the same principles or elements receptively. By looking at things creatively and wanting to take a photo of one principle or element can keep your brain countinuosly searching for that one type of image.
The big takeaway from this challenge would be looking at things differently, and to use the objects or areas around me to create different photos. By using other areas or objects I can increase my understanding as I know how to display the image.

ISO Collage Blog Post

-In your own words, what’s the definition of ISO and its role in the Exposure Triangle?
ISO is the adjustment of the camera lens to light. The higher the ISO is set the more the lens is exposed to light. The exposure triangle includes Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO. Each side of the triangle can increase the brightness of the photo, but at the expense of another side.

-When would you use a lower ISO number or a higher ISO number?  Give an example of each.
You would use a lower ISO number when there is lots of natural light/artificial light already present. A higher ISO number would be used if you were in a room where there was a smaller or little source of light.

-What are some of the negative side effects of using a high ISO? Explain.
The negative side effects of using a high ISO includes a bright photo with an excessive amount of light included within the photo.

-How does understanding ISO and it’s role help you navigate the camera in Manual Mode?
The understanding of the ISO helps us navigate the camera as it can help us adjust the light so that we have well light lit photos no matter how light or dark.


Principles Of Design Reflection

Introduce and define the Principles of Art.
The Principles of Design incorporate the Elements of Art in a photograph. The Principles of Design include Balance, Emphasis, Movement, Pattern, Repetition, Rhythm, Variety, Unity, and Contrast. Balance shows the weight of the objects on both sides of the image, and this includes asymmetrical balance where both sides aren’t the same but seem balanced to the eye, there also is symmetrical where both sides are equally balanced with the same shape and view. Emphasis is one part of a photo standing out to the rest of the photo, this could be used to show a smaller item in front of a background, or can be shown through framing. Movement is the movement of the lines in the photo, the lines must be curved and have to lead the viewers eyes to one point. Pattern and Repetition is the repetition of a pattern continuously, this showing something \ like a few shapes being repeated. Rhythm is the movement of lines that could have repetition to show a complete photo. Variety is where there are different aspects of principles, or a variety of shape/color, the photo showing a variety of objects or shapes. Unity shows multiples objects or things having one common aspect. Contrast is the difference between 2 or 3 things, such as the color of the objects or the color difference.

Why are the principles helpful when learning how to discuss and critique photography?
The principles give a type of guideline in which the photographer can use, because there are many usually, when people take photos they can capture different principles in which people can discuss what principles were used.

What did you learn from this activity?
You can learn the different principles and how to apply them to regular photography. From this activity I learned how to see the different principles in a regular day.

Discuss your favorite photo. What principle does it exemplify and how? What elements are organized by this principle? Be explicit and descriptive.
My favorite photo is above, it shows an asymmetrical photo, and the photo is divided by a brick wall. On both sides of the wall there are different parts of the ground. One is the concrete and another is of grass.

Burning House Project

Name: Calvin L.
Age: 15
Location: Beijing, China
Occupation: Student
Items Listed: Pikachu Stuffed Animal, Family Photos, Basketball, Laptop, Headphones, Swim Goggles, Speaker, and Guitar.

The items that I have included in the picture represent many things that have sentimental value towards myself or represent a characteristic that I have. The Pikachu in the photo was something that I had been given every since I was just born and had been with me everywhere I moved. The Family Photos help show where I had come from and show me what I represent. The Basketball represents my hobby, and what I enjoy doing or playing. My laptop is something that carries many experiences that I have had, as well as keeping me connected with the world. My Beats Headphones show my love for music. The Swim Goggles represent my first official sport and how much time I had spent in the waters, it also reminds me of the clash of sports that I had encountered when I could not play in both sports swimming and basketball. My speaker was a gift that I had gotten during the summer and further shows my love of music. Finally my guitar is the first instrument that I had learned, and was one of the first things that got me introduced into the world of music.

Elements of Art

-Introduce and define the elements of art.

There are seven elements of art, the seven are Line, Shape, Forms, Space, Color, Texture, and Value. The way the elements are captured can give you different characteristics or feelings to the piece.
Line is any piece of art or photography that includes or incorporates a line into it, the line doesn’t have to be a certain way, it can be horizontal, diagonal, straight, curved, thick or thin. Shape is a type of art in which it may be geometric, organic or natural shapes. Geometric shapes are much like regular polygons or circles with flaws, the organic shapes include curved or smooth types, and natural shapes are shapes that are naturally made like leaves. Forms are 3-dimensional shapes that are captured in art, they include spheres, boxes, cylinders, etc. Space is capturing the space around an object. Space usually is captured by having an object or separate objects on a common color. Color is the most common element being used or captured. Color has been taught in many art classes from a young age from the color wheel to complementary colors, to its 3 main characteristics hue, value, and intensity. The texture is the surface of a platform or object, you can both feel the texture and see it. By capturing the texture of the object you can see how realistic it looks, but the paper contrasts from the texture captured as the paper are smooth and only portrays the texture. The final element is Value. Value is captured by showing the different shades of either light or dark.


-Why are the elements helpful when learning how to discuss and critique photography?

By portraying the elements in their photographs it helps people discuss and critique the work as it gives people a topic to look for. As each element can be shown all around us, it gives us a target to see what you find is enjoyable and to find what elements are included within the image. You can use elements to critique photography as you can tell how the element was portrayed in the photo, and see how much creativity was used.


-What did you learn from this activity?

From this activity, I have learned to keep an eye out for different shots, and to try to see things from different perspectives. By looking at things from different perspectives you can see something entirely different whilst at the same place. Another thing that I have learned from this activity is that the elements of art are really useful and enhance your photograph if you know how to use them.


-Discuss your favorite photo. What element does it exemplify?  How does it exemplify the chosen element?  Be explicit and descriptive.

My favorite photo is of the fountain in our school. It exemplifies Line, Shape, Form, and Texture. The curves of each step going down the fountain are shown by starting the image from one point and watching it turn. The Shape is shown by the little flowers on the side as the shape is organic from the trees. Form is shown by the smooth stones beside the fountain. Finally, the Texture is recognized from the stones smooth sides, as well as the ripples in the water.

Black Power Salute

From the “100 Influential Photos of All Time” the one photograph that really speaks to me personally is a photo captioned: “Black Power Salute”. This photograph taken by John Dominis during the 1968 Games in Mexico City, represents the fight for equality in the world for minorities.

The photo appeals to me due to the composition, as well as the meaning behind the photo. The composition of the photo is centered towards 3 men. The black background behind the men enhances the different shades of gray and white which define the men. Although the photo shows 3 men, the man in the middle Tommie Smith is the one who stands out the most. As his entire body in within the shot, his fist risen into the air is a symbolism of rebellion as well as a remembrance of where he had come from. The meaning behind the photo is of two African American athletes who make a stand for the world to see the struggles African American people go through.

This photo is important as it represents a stand for a group of people. This photograph should have its audience as it serves as a reminder in which that everyone should remember where they come from, and should not be afraid to stand up for your roots. This photo had taught me to be myself and to remember where I come from where ever I am.

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