## CAPSTONE Project: Reflection & Advice

Posted by: | June 6, 2018 | No Comment |

During the Capstone project, I first explored and learned various curent issues exist in China through listening to the speakers and watching films. And then I chose my topic and crafted a research question. As soon as I finished the define and inquire phase, I did a research about the relationship between air pollution and person well being from both primary and secondary sources. After doing a in-depth research, I wrote a five paragraph informative essay and three -minute short documentary. The purpose of this project was to learn more about the current issue in China and develop essential L21 skills to get well prepared for the high school.

As a result of this Capstone project, I learned that air pollution in China is very decent issue as it not only affects the individuals’ physical health but also affects the individuals’ mental health. Besides I learned in-depth about the air pollution in China, I developed my research skills, collaboration skills, social studies skills, reading skills and writing skills as well.

To be successful in the Capstone project, I would like next grade eight students to know that although this project is the most demanding project in the middle school, have a growth mindset and feel passionate about your chosen topic!

CAPSTONE VIDEO

## Reflecting Upon on the 2018 Catapult Design Project

Posted by: | May 28, 2018 | 1 Comment |

In this design project, we as a team planned, developed and created our own catapult in the fab lab. After creating our own catapult, we analyzed the time vs height and height vs distance of catapult by filming the catapult flight and put it into logger pro. In the function analysis, I analyzed standard form, vertex form and factored form as well as the domain and range. In addition, I explained the functions in term of both mathematically and in the context.  After that, we experimented with the catapult to observe how accurate it is and we had a catapult challenge to see which catapult is most accurate. The main purpose of this project was to be able to apply quadratics into a real-life situation and be collaborative, creative and think critically.

The most successful aspect of this project was that we were able to manage time wisely and make an accurate catapult. On the other side, a most challenging aspect of this project was planning how to make a catapult and coming up with our own unique design. If I could do this project again in the future, I would make the catapult using the wood and make it more flexible. Throughout this design project, I’ve learned how to apply quadratics into a real-life situation in addition to the essential teamwork skills.

under: Algebra 1
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## Polymer Journal #4

Posted by: | May 7, 2018 | No Comment |

Observing the Prototypes

 Prototype Strengths Limitations Prototype#1 Very slimy, strong, does not bounce and quickly recover its own shape when it is being poked. Small, awkward odor and texture Prototype #2 Very slimy, appropriate size, strong, does not bounce, good texture and automatic odor Slowly recover its own shape when it is being poked Prototype #3 Very slimy, appropriate size and does not bounce. Awkward odor, fragile, could not maintain its shape and rough texture

Which Prototype was Most Effective for Meeting our Design Goal?

Claim: Prototype#2 was most effective for meeting our design goal.

Evidence: 1. As a result of the bounce test, prototype#2 didn’t bounce at the height of below 2m.

2. Based on the texture and odor test using our senses, prototype#2 was very soft and smelled cozy.

3. According to the slime rating test, prototype#2 appeared to be very slimy.

Future improvements to make this prototype better: To make our final design better, we could add more borax solution to make it capable of quickly recover its own shape and maintain its position because prototype#2 wasn’t capable of quickly recover into its own shape when it is being poked.

Procedure to make Final Design

Materials List: 1L beaker, 200g of white glue, 15 drops of green food coloring, 5 drops of yellow food coloring, 100ml of water, 150ml of borax solution, clean spoon, 250ml beaker and container

1. Add 200g of white glue into a 1L beaker

2. Measure 100ml of water using the 250ml beaker and add 100ml of water into a 1L beaker

3. Stir a 1L beaker smoothly using a clean spoon

4. Add 15 drops of green food coloring and 5 drops of yellow food coloring into a 1L beaker

5. Measure 150ml of borax solution using the 250ml beaker and add it into a 1L beaker

6. Stir a 1L beaker smoothly using a clean spoon

7. Place the completed slimy soap into a container.

Reflecting on the Design Process

To come up with a final product, we spent 3 classes on creating and refining while we only spent 1 class on defining the problem and 1 class on making a detailed plan. One thing that I found quite challenging was making a consensus on deciding design goal & target audience as we had different ideas; however, I found very interesting to continuously create and refine the product using various methods and communicating ideas as a team.

Lesson Behind the Polymer Project 2018

Throughout the polymer project, I’ve learned the importance of the teamwork and lab skills as well as the fact that polymer almost exist everywhere and it is very useful in many different aspects. Wrapping up this project, I’m very proud as we overcame the design constraints and did our best to make a successful slimy soap.

Brief Infomercial on Slimy Soap

## Polymer Journal#3

Posted by: | April 27, 2018 | No Comment |

Finalized Design Goal

We are making a synthetic polymer that could be used as a slimy soap that could instantly make foams without an interaction with water.

Design Criteria & Constraints

These are the five physical properties of our product: very slimy, strong, does not bounce, automatic odor and soft texture.

Factors that are constrained during this project are the limited amount of time, list of materials that are accessible, space, the container to keep the sample, etc.

Our Plan to Develop our Prototype

1. Make 3 samples of gloop by:

a. make a 3cm mark at the small cup,

b. add 3cm of glue into the small cup,

c. measure 21ml of water using the graduated cylinder and put it into the small cup with 3cm of glue,

d. stir the cup using a clean spoon,

e. add 6 drops of green color solution into the small cup,

f. measure 24ml of borax solution using the graduated cylinder and put it into the small cup,

g. stir it using a clean spoon and place the completed gloop into a container.

2. Test the gloop and figure out the characteristics of a gloop that match the physical properties of a slimy soap as well as features that needs improvement.

3. Add or reduce materials and make another prototype if necessary.

4. Repeat step 2~3 until the sample has met all of the criteria needed to become a slimy soap.

Our Method for Testing the Prototypes

We will be testing our prototypes through 3 tests:

1. Bounce Test & Slime Rating: In this test, we will drop the sample at a height of 0.5m and observe whether it bounces or not.Also, we will test how the sample is slimy. These tests are very important because it should be very slimy and strong enough.

2. Slow Poke/ Fast Poke Test: In this test, we will slowly/quickly poke the sample and test whether it quickly recovers into its own shape or form a hole. This test is essential as it shouldn’t be sticky and maintain its shape.

3. Odor & Texture Test: In this test, we will test the odor and texture of the sample by using our senses. This test is very important because automatic odor and soft texture can attract the consumers’ attention.

under: Science 8
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## Polymer Journal#2

Posted by: | April 25, 2018 | No Comment |

Design Goal & Relevant Problem that will be solved by creating a polymer

Our group’s design goal for this polymer project is to make a synthetic polymer that could be used as a slimy soap in order to solve problems with businessman and shop owners too busy that they even don’t have time to wash their hands meticulously.

Target Audience

Our target audience is the businessman and shop owners who are very busy so they want to instantly make bubbles and quickly wash their hands in a simple way. Our slimy soap will help them because it is a time saver and it won’t affect their business. Also, it doesn’t require any materials rather than a soap to wash their hands and it is very simple to use.

Using Observations of Base Polymers

Gloop: We would like to borrow characteristics of soap odor, does not break easily and recover its own shape when applying pressure from Gloop. The characteristics are essential to our polymer as our product needs to have an aromatic scent and strong enough so it wouldn’t make a mess or destroyed when it is dropped from a height of 1~2m and there won’t be any holes even though it is being poked.

Boogers: We would like to use characteristics of the state of very slimy from boogers. This is vital to our polymer since it will help to instantly make foams without water.

Super Slime: We would like to apply characteristics of does not bounce easily from super slime. This is very important because it will prevent the soap from having a further damage when it is dropped.

under: Science 8
Tags: , , , ,

## Polymer Journal #1

Posted by: | April 23, 2018 | No Comment |

I made an infographic using the Canva.

## 2018 Capstone Project: the Beginning

Posted by: | March 29, 2018 | 4 Comments |

In the capstone project, I would like to focus on the issue of air pollution in China. I personally believe that air pollution is a very decent problem in China that should be improved a lot within few years in order to protect the environment and meet the UN sustainable development goals.

This is my rough draft of a research question: To what extent does air pollution in China could affect the individuals’ physical health as well as the mental health?

From the research, I’m hoping to gather sufficient information on the causes of air pollution with statistics, its effects on the individuals’ physical health and mental health.

I would like to gain feedback regarding my research question.

Image Cited:

1. Gan, Nectar. “Stop Blame Game on China’s Air Pollution, Environment Minister Says.” South China Morning Post, 13 Feb. 2015, 11:32pm, www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1712418/stop-blame-game-chinas-air-pollution-environment-minister-says.

## Walking Through the Pathway of American Revolution

Posted by: | March 19, 2018 | No Comment |

John Adams, he was a passionate man, optimistic man, and attentive man. He was very dependent on his father since his mother died due to the sudden heart attack 3 years ago. He settled down in America with his father right after the Proclamation of 1763 and he was a Loyalist as his father was a loyal subject to the British. Let’s dive into his exciting journey of American Revolution!

I made a presentation using Flipsnack

Throughout the American Revolution, lots of things have stayed the same and changed. It first led to the establishment of a new republic. As George Washington became the first president in America, two political groups emerged: Federalists who supported Adams and Hamilton, Republicans who supported Jefferson and Madison. In addition to the formation of a new form of government, there was a freedom in religion and there was really no financial or social gap in the society which mean every American were equal as it is stated in the Declaration of Independence.

Although numerous things have been changed, there were also many things that remained consistent. Slavery was still a major problem and it became even more serious in the Southern states. Native Americans and women were treated almost same as before so Native Americans were often prosecuted and women didn’t gain personal rights. Moreover, wealthy landowners and merchants still dominated the society as well as politics.

## American Revolution in Plain English Video with Explanation

Posted by: | March 5, 2018 | No Comment |

After we learned all the general concept in American Revolution, we as a group created a 5-minute long common craft video about the American Revolution. Common craft video uses the simplest images as possible and it only uses the person’s hand. To explain the context of the American Revolution, we corporated our voices along with relevant images and sound effects. Introducing the American Revolution, it took place between 1763 and 1783 after the British victory in Seven-years War. As soon as the Seven-years war between the Indians and British ceased, Britian set up a proclamation and they set up numerous taxes known as Salutary Neglect to the colonists in America. As a result, the tension got high and they got dissatisfaction with their life in America as a colonist. Starting from the Boston Massacre in 1770, the revolution took place in America and lots of battles such as Battle of Lexington, Battle of Saratoga and Battle of Yorktown occurred between the Americans and British to make America an independent nation.

## How Nelson Mandela was able to Linger Amazing Accomplishments in South Africa?

Posted by: | March 5, 2018 | No Comment |

Who is a true winner? How success is being measured? What factors can lead to a success? Introducing Nelson Mandela, he is a 1st black president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Because Nelson Mandela had lots of impacts on the world, there are lots of biography about him that are written from the 3rd perspective. Nelson Mandela by Laaren Brown is one of the biographies that is both factual and descriptive. It is emphasized on the mindset of Nelson Mandela and conflicts he encountered before he became a leader since the author assumed that vast majority of people know the accomplishments of Nelson Mandela during his reign. Therefore, in the biography Nelson Mandela by Larren Brown, the following central idea is developed through the course of the text: Although Nelson Mandela encountered numerous conflicts, he worked diligently with a passionate mind to overcome all the problems and become the 1st black president in South Africa.

There are 2 pieces of evidence that support the central idea of Nelson Mandela: the Defiance Campaign and Mandela’s mindset during the life in the Robben Island as a prisoner. After Defiance Campaign only made the government to be determined and Nelson Mandela experienced life in jail for 3 days, Nelson Mandela said, “From the Defiance Campaign onward, going to prison became a badge of honor amongst Africans” (Brown 35). At the African National Congress(ANC)’s 1951 Congress, Walter Sisulu, Secretary-General of the ANC, presented a plan for an immense civil insubordination campaign known as the Defiance Campaign. In this campaign, all members in ANC aimed to change the laws to unite the blacks, whites, Indians, and Coloureds in the name of freedom. After a while, the Defiance Campaign commenced on schedule and Mandela went to Boksburg. As soon as Nelson Mandela entered Boksburg, Mandela was soon arrested by the police waiting inside the gates of Boksburg. However, Mandela thought that it was an honor to go to the prison since one of the goals of the campaign was to challenge the government by overburdening the prison system and it encouraged more people to join the fight for gaining the black’s freedom in South Africa. Although Defiance Campaign made the government to ban the ANC and banished 52 ANC leaders, including Nelson Mandela to the prison on Robben Island, Nelson Mandela was still optimistic and he never gave up the hopes for future. During the life in Robben Island, Nelson Mandela wrote a letter, “Only through hardship, sacrifice, and militant action can freedom be won. The struggle is my life. I will continue fighting for freedom until the end of my days” (56). Nelson Mandela was arrested on December 5, 1956, for a high treason. While Mandela was in a prison, there were lots of restrictions. For example, men were disconnected from all the information and only one letter per prisoner was allowed in half a year. Although the conditions in the prison were miserable, Mandela wasn’t alone because there were numerous political people who supported ANC in the prison. So, Mandela communicated with these political people and he quickly became the leader in a prison. As soon as Mandela became a leader, most prisoners could find common ground with him and even the guards, as well as prison officials, respected Mandela since his governing style was a combination of his political skills with self-possession. As a consequence, conditions in a prison kept improved and Mandela finally freed from the prison since the size of Mandela’s supporters kept expanded and they kept protested through verbal speech in order to free Mandela. Finally, Nelson Mandela’s dream became a reality within 5 years.

In conclusion, the central idea of this biography is that Nelson Mandela was able to become successful 1st black president of South Africa since he overcame all the conflicts by never renouncing.  Nelson Mandela’s Defiance Campaign made the government set up even more harsh regulations and he was arrested in 1956 for a high treason. Nevertheless, he was able to escape from the Robben Island and implement his plans since he never gave up and there were lots of supporters outside protesting the government to free Mandel from a prison. Nelson Mandela defines winner as “a dreamer who never gives up”. Because he never gave up and always dreamed to protect the black’s rights by becoming a president, Nelson Mandela was able to become the revolutionary president in South Africa and he remained as one of the leaders who dedicated huge impacts to change the world.

Images Cited: Goalcast. “Top 30 Nelson Mandela Quotes to Inspire You to Believe.” Goalcast, 2 May 2017, www.goalcast.com/2017/05/02/top-nelson-mandela-quotes-inspire-you-to-believe/.

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