Otto's Blog

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Principles of Design

Posted by Otto T on September 13, 2017

Every time you take a picture it has at least one of the seven elements of art. Most of the time pieces of art have more than one element of art and the elements can be organized using the principals of design. There are seven principals of design balance, contrast, emphasis, movement, pattern, rhythm and unity/variety. Balance is used to draw the viewers focus away from a fixed point and all around the art piece. Contrast is when objects in an art piece stand out as different. Emphasis is when the eye is drawn to an object or a group of objects that stand out against a blank or somewhat boring background. Movement is created in an art piece when lines or motion blur give the sense that an object is moving. Pattern in an art piece is a repeating color shape or object. Rhythm is when repeating art elements create movement or are visually interesting. The final two principals of design are unity and variety but these two are used together for maximum effect. Unity is when multiple objects look similar or join together to create a larger object and variety is when one one item stands out from the others. By understanding what the principals of design are we can use them to organize the elements of art and create a more visually appealing art piece.

My favorite picture from this project is one I took of a small plant that shows emphasis with the eye drawn to the organically shaped plant in the middle and away from all the geometric shapes surrounding it.

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