The Catastrophe Of China in the 1900s

It all started in the 19th century when China lost the two Opium wars and the Sino-Japanese war, when China was humiliated and weak. By the late 1890s, a group of ShanDong peasants, patriotic and loyal, started the boxers rebellion by attacking the foreigners, who the boxers thought to be devils. As the rebellion spread to Beijing, the capital city of China, it was supported by the Qing government, and thousands were killed, churches and railroads were destroyed. Then the eight nations sent 20,000 troops to Beijing, facing such strong enemies, the Boxers were defeated, and the Qing government were forced to pay the consequences by the terms of the Boxer Protocol.

Be That Self Which One Truly Is

“Who am I?” (26)

In the book, The Psychology Book Big Ideas Simply Explained, by Catherine Collin, Voula Grand, Nigel Benson, Merrin Lazyan, Joannah Ginsburg, and Marcus Weeks, the idea of “Be That Self Which One Truly Is”, said by Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) was expressed. One of the examples that Kierkegaard used to support his claim was that there was a man who wanted to be an emperor, and if he did succeed, he would be abandoning his old self. This is because of he, himself, is not himself anymore when he is the emperor. In his accomplishment, he “does not possess himself; he is not himself.” (Kierkegaard) and this causes despair. And therefore we should accept our true identity and purpose in life to end the despair and discover the courage behind ourselves. When people’s desire for power or honor grows, the ambition grows and may lead to despair. Søren Kierkegaard shows the concept in an objective tone and tells the approach showing the true meaning to be a true self. He uses multiple examples to support his idea and connects it with leaving despair. “To will to be that self which one truly is, is indeed the opposite of despair,”(27). This theory connects to us in ISB, everyone is able to express themselves in many ways. Every individual is special and differ from another. We have projects to show our identity, and we are able to be who we truly are, and want to be, deep down in the heart. My infographic explains Søren Kierkegaard concept in a thorough way, concluding his ideas with supporting evidence, and with a flow chart explaining visually.

Citations: Infographic made in Piktochart

Dignity and Integrity

“Scholars read the great words of the world. But you and I must learn to read the world itself.” (Park, 7)

 

The theme of A Single Shard by Linda Sue Park is the integrity of the person. Winner of the John Newberry Award, the book is about living under the bridge, with ragged clothes, and merely enough to eat, Tree-ear and his friend Crane-man live with and follow Crane-man’s faith and ethical beliefs. They will spend and enjoy what they worked hard for, and will not take any unearned gains.

 

When Tree-ear came back under the bridge with a bag of rice, the most precious food that the two friends could ever get, Crane-man was gratified, but also puzzled with Tree-ear’s good fortune. Tree-ear told Crane-man the unusual story: It all began in the early morning when Tree-ear met a man carrying a heavy load on a jiggeh, a “framed backpack made of branches” (Park 4), but the rice was leaking, forming a marked white-dotted path. Tree-ear followed, but his conscience was shaking. He helped the man repair the jiggeh. Surprisingly, Tree-ear is free to take the rice on the ground. Good deserves good. Tree-ear’s unselfishness deserved the bag of rice. “Foraging in the woods and rubbish heaps, gathering fallen grain-heads in the autumn-these were honourable ways to garner a meal, requiring time and work. But stealing and begging, Crane-man said, made a man no better than a dog.” (Park, 5)

 

When Tree-ear saw his master Min’s rival Kang with his tremendous design, he didn’t choose to help and tell Min Kang’s secret, but instead he kept it to himself. “If a man is keeping an idea to himself, and that idea is taken by stealth or trickery-I say it is stealing. But once a man has revealed his idea to others, it is no longer his alone. It belongs to the world” (Park, 64) Stealing didn’t only include stealing items and objects, but also included the stealing of a thought, an idea. Although Tree-ear was desperate to help Min to win the emissary’s appreciation. But telling Min meant letting him steal Kang’s innovation. And theft was the worse a man could do. Therefore, Tree-ear cannot risk his beliefs and moral sense and tell Kang’s pottery idea.

 

The main character in this book, Tree-ear’s friend, Crane-man is not a scholar, but he is as wise as one. This connects to our society because it is a present situation that many people who did not even go to school have very good thoughts. Many talented people who are in bad conditions was unable to receive education, and couldn’t prove their intelligence to the society. If Crane-man’s thoughts were told to his society, his philosophical theories would be wide-spread.

 

Tree-ear’s noble actions earned him great accomplishments. After helping to deliver Min’s vase to the royal emissary, Tree-ear was finally earned Min’s acceptance and had the chance to be Min’s apprentice. Tree-ear’s dignity made him a person with integrity.