Polymers are materials made of long, repeating chains of molecules. The materials differ depending on how the molecules are bonded together. There are two types of polymers, which are synthetic and natural.
Synthetic materials are materials that are man-made, which goes through the process of combining artificial substances. Some examples of synthetic materials are plastic bags and nylon, which is a type of fabric.
Natural materials are materials that come from nature, which could be a product or physical matter that comes from plants, animals, or the ground. Some examples of natural materials are water and stones/rocks.
Plastic is made out of various elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, and sulfur. This material is used for plastic bags, toys, and plastic containers.
Silicone is made out of silicon, oxygen and other elements, most typically carbon and hydrogen. This material is used for accessories, utensils, and molds.
When a synthetic material is formed, natural resources act as a monomer. These monomers chemically bond together to make the material. This process is called polymerization. For example, oil and polythene molecules are combined to make plastic, which is a synthetic material.
Monomer comes from the Greek word, one part. It is the important factor for a polymerization to take place. When there isn’t a monomer there won’t be a polymer. Monomers are usually natural resources and even some of them are made out of series of monomers. Some examples of monomers are monosaccharides, amino acids, and nucleotides.
Polymerization is a method of making synthetic polymers by bonding small molecules into a chain. In this bonding, chemical reactions happen and they hold the bond of small molecules, also known as monomers. This results in the formation of a polymer. Which means that it is a process of making a polymer. The chain of bonded molecules is called macromolecules, which usually has a carbon atom.
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