Kinetic Sculpture

Above is a video of the early model of my kinetic sculpture in scratch. It was fairly easy to do, as all I wanted was a simple glide motion of the sun to represent the sunrise. The only thing that I found hard was creating an accurate vector of the wing (I made it after the video, so in the video, it looks very lumpy).

After that, I made my box with the wing vector and laser cut it out, but only after cutting did I realize that I made the cut adjustments while generating the box too large. This meant that the notches that were supposed to hold the box together were too large, and did not fit together. It took another week of finalizing and modeling to create a new box that also had a servo port included with it.

The final part of my project was programming the servo arm and the light. The light part was fairly straightforward as all I needed to do was make white light shine constantly. But the hard part was making the servo arm turn at a consistent, reasonable speed. This required use of variables and repeats.

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Chinese Air Pollution, is it too Late?

Throughout the capstone project, I gained copious amounts of knowledge of Chinas economy, energy, and dependencies. As a result of the project, I have contributed to the community a documentary (with SY) about the state at which Chinas environmental problems are. Before the capstone project, I believed that the air in China was problematic, but I lacked serious knowledge about such issues. After the capstone project, I gained more profound insight into why China keeps burning coal, and how it affects the economy. While conducting interviews with the locals, I learned how to approach someone for an interview, and what questions make up a helpful interview. If I were to do the capstone project again, I would most likely change my topic to something more unique, such as intellectual properties, the housing crisis, etc. I feel this way because many of the documentaries that were about air pollution were very similar, and not many stood out. One thing I would like to keep up on for the capstone project would be if the problems available will go worldwide, or stay local in China.

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Catapult Project

The catapult project was an Algebra 1 project based on making catapults and measuring their parabolas. We used a wide variety of tools, such as Logger Pro and Desmos. We graphed Height vs. Time and Height vs. Distance.

The graph above represents the Height vs. Time of the projectile.

The graph above represents the Height vs. Distance of the projectile

I believe that the most important thing that I learned from this project was how to graph real life parabolas with Logger Pro and Desmos. It also helped me find a greater understanding of how Standard Form, Factored Form, and Vertex Form all tie together to form one complete parabola. The most challenging aspect that I had to overcome was designing a catapult that would be consistent with all launches. We [me and Derek] had to change the tension on the rubber bands and add values to make sure that we didn’t pull back to much or too little.

Overall, the catapult project was an interesting, exciting, project. But if I were to change one thing, I would make more prototypes. When we made our first model, it functioned quite well, so we stuck to it. Only later did we realize that it had some major flaws, as it would launch the projectile at a near vertical angle, so the projectile would not go higher.

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Journal 4

The new revolutionary furniture fixer! This product allows for quick and easy furniture repairs at a low cost. But it didn’t come instantly, as it had gone through many different prototypes. The first prototype included corn oil, glue, cornstarch, and mineral oil. With all of those ingredients, we would put it in a pot and simmer it until it was a consistency that we approved of. But the problem with the polymer was that it was very stinky, and it was too sticky. We then realized that the corn oil was the source of the stink, and we decided to scrap it from the ingredients. We also did not have enough mineral oil so we decided to not add that either.

Our second prototype was fairly simple, as it only included cornstarch and glue, which we then simmered until it was a desirable thickness. But there were still some problems, the polymer was too dry when it hardened. It would make a solid connection, but it would crumble easily. We decided to solve this by adding more glue to the formula and scrapping the need to simmer it, because it would evaporate some of the glue, making the prototype dryer.

Our third and final prototype was the most effective, as it was wet enough to stick to and combine two materials, yet dry enough to be able to harden quickly. We put it on two sticks and combined them together with the polymer, and in around an hour, it hardened into a solid material, combining the two as if they were one.

How to Make the Polymer:


2 cups Cornstarch – 1 cup cornstarch

1 cup glue -1/2 cup glue

Food coloring (optional)

Step 1:

Put cornstarch into the bowl

Step 2:

Mix glue into cornstarch slowly

Step 3:

Add more glue until the polymer is at a desirable consistency

Step 4:

Use polymer to fix furniture

For future development, I would recommend people to put guar gum into the solution. We were not able to do this, because there wasn’t that much guar gum, and our polymer required large amounts of materials to be made.

I felt like finding a perfect ratio of glue to cornstarch was the hardest part because if you put too much of one thing, it would become either too wet or too dry. But through trial and error, I was able to find a ratio that worked for me. But I would also advise people trying to create this product to maybe make more prototypes to refine a more perfect ratio.

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An End to Knowledge

The citizens have been brainwashed, and the world is a changed place. “Nobody knows anybody” (Bradbury, 14). In Ray Bradbury’s novel Fahrenheit 451, reading books has been banned, and have been replaced with parlor walls.

Fahrenheit 451 was written by Ray Bradbury to reflect on the way of life at the time the book was published. The book was published in 1953, during the McCarthy era. During this era, people were being taken left and right due to fears of communism. He also feared the rise of television and believed that it would soon replace books altogether, making people uneducated robots. Ray Bradbury communicates the dangers of technology and dangers of government, and although I agree, I feel as if it leans more towards knowledge and truth.

Something seemed very wrong with the society that they lived in, yet nobody realized it. Guy Montag, a loyal fireman, lived his life without any doubts or regrets. But Guy’s world changed when he met Clarisse, a young 17-year old living with her uncle, who enlightened him about the ways of the past. Once hearing Clarisse speak, Guy Montag began to question everything he has previously believed in. “I thought about books. And for the first time, I realized that a man was behind each one of the books.” (48). He was being lied to and brainwashed every second of every day because he was weak and unaware of the real world. Like a candle in the night being extinguished, Clarisse was killed, and Montag never heard of her again. But as she left, someone came to fill the void, and he was Fabre, an old professor who had witnessed what the government had done to the people.

The Government had been lying to Montag ever since he could remember. They were subconsciously making the citizens uneducated robots who obeyed the government. Because educated people ask questions, and without educated people, there are no questions. A prime example of this happening is when Montag is riding the train to Fabre’s house. “Trumpets blared. “Denham’s Dentifrice.Shut up, Montag. Consider the lilies of the field.Denham’s Dentifrice.They toil not-Denham’s-Consider the lilies of the field, shut up, shut up.Dentifrice!”” (74). All of the other people on the train were being sucked into it, but Montag is struggling to do something different. ““Hello,” whispered Montag, fascinated as always with the dead beast [the mechanical hound], the living beast.” (22). The mechanical hound is a metaphor for the government. It is dead, but not dead; it is there, but not there; it is watching, but not watching.

In both Fahrenheit 451 and Animal Farm by George Orwell, the society in which the citizens live in appears as a perfect utopian society, but some of them slowly begin to realize that the society is truly a dystopia in disguise. The government in Fahrenheit 451 and Napoleon in Animal Farm hide more than they let on. As in Fahrenheit 451, the government hides the power of books and replaces them with TV, and in Animal Farm, Napoleon hides what he and the pigs are truly doing with the food. Not only that, but in both Fahrenheit 451 and Animal Farm, the government and Napoleon are spreading propaganda that their society is the best.

In Fahrenheit 451, the government has lied to the citizens and tricked them to their own ways. They discouraged knowledge and curiosity and praised loyalty and ignorance. Nobody was themselves, but they were robots serving for the governments.

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Journal Entry 3

Copy of Furniture Repares! by Joe Graham

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Journal 2

Introducing, by Joe Graham

“Green Super Slime Liter.” Science Bob Store, Science Bob Store,

Den, Dan. “Check out This Second Life Marketplace Item!” Second Life Marketplace, Second Life Marketplace,

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A Brief Introduction to Polymers

Polymers by Joe Graham


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Gone for a Day, Alone Forever

Gone for a day, alone forever
A small part of town
Erased from the map
Forgotten through the days
Replaced with new infrastructure
Promises of new homes
That never came

The new buildings are friendly towards tourists
But not towards us locals
With the coal industry in decline,
We are nothing but an obstacle,
A nuisance

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Through a Cynical View

A modern-day Catcher in the Rye, Jesse Ball’s novel, How to Set a Fire and Why was about the rather sub-optimal life of Lucia Stanton. In How to Set a Fire and Why Lucia Stanton’s life was in the dumps. With her father dead and her mother in a mad-house, the only relative she could go to was her 78-year-old aunt. Lucia lives simply, “Don’t do things you aren’t proud of” (Ball, 34), which coincidentally is the theme of How to Set Fire and Why. Therefore, I drew a picture of a person [Lucia], living far away from the edge, not doing anything that could be dangerous. But once she found the secretive SONAR (anagram for ARSON) club, she was instantly hooked in the idea on burning buildings “for a better cause.” This moment of getting hooked on fire has really inspired lots of the fake Facebook profile, as there are many references to fire and propellants. There is a picture of licorice on the fake Facebook profile because it was her go-to food if she were to go anywhere, or if she was feeling down or happy.

How to Set a Fire and Why is a modern day Catcher in the Rye (by J.D. Salinger), as Lucia Stanton and Holden Caulfield both share the same cynical, depressed view of the world. “going to school is terrible and it frightens any right-thinking individual,” (2). Although they may share a similar view of the world, the way they lived their lives differed largely. In Catcher in the Rye, Holden lived his life without a care about what people cared about me, and with direction to where his future was going to lead, while Lucia was another story. Lucia lived life with a sense of feeling, staying in place for her love of her aunt.

Fake Facebook links

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