Polymer Project

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The Karakoram Highway

In the middle of nowhere stands a lonely highway, where no car or person is in sight. While dusty, yellow sand around it blows, the highway maintains still and holds. Headed towards the mountains is the unwinding highway, not even the mountains can stop it. In the distance is a different landscape. Ice-capped mountains freeze and melt away, years pass by and the highway stays. Overhead clouds, clean and white, cover the mountains and sand making the scene an even better view. Through the white clouds I see from up above, the highway is still where it was. In the Karakoram range stands a abiding highway, where no car or person is in sight.

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The Fault in Our Stars

John Green’s The Fault in Our Stars tells the fascinating story of cancer victims. Cancer has made them appreciative, and fearless. Everyone is fearless without someone or something they love. Love is strong but it also results in fear. “You gave me a forever within the numbered days, and I’m grateful.” (Green, 260). Not many teenagers have loved until each other’s death, Augustus and Hazel managed it. I think this is what they appreciate, the ability to love as strongly as they want without consequences. People fear death, but people who know they are not likely to live long wouldn’t. Since they are to die young why bother to be attached to someone with the risk of fear. “…you do have some say in who hurts you. I like my choices. I hope she likes hers.” (313). I think Augustus and Hazel’s love is what makes them different from others, love makes them brave.

all images derived from:





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French Revolution

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the French Revolution is one of the most important and effective revolutions throughout history. the French Revolution was impacted by the American Revolution but it impacted many other revolutions after it. the inequality of taxes between the three estates was the cause of the French Revolution. the French revolution restored an absolute monarchy with another absolute monarchy but at least it was a new start.

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Chris McCandless

Jon Krakauer’s Into the Wild was inspired by his post on Christopher McCandless written for the Anchorage Post. The news post got many comments because men in the past have done crazy things similar to what McCandless did. Most of those comments were made by Alaskans who believed McCandless went totally unprepared into the wilds of Alaska, but is that really it?


Living off of oneself is not an easy thing to do, especially if you’re in the wilds of Alaska. With only a 22 caliber gun and 10 pounds of rice, McCandless made three months in the wild. Although he definitely prepared for the deadly trip, his preparations did not do much help in the end. In McCandless’s journal he recorded, July 30, “‘EXTREMELY WEAK, FAULT OF POT SEED. MUCH TROUBLE JUST TO STAND UP. STARVING. GREAT JEOPARDY.’ Before this note there is nothing in the journal that suggest that McCandless was in dire circumstances.” (189, Krakauer). One theory suggested he confused a deadly seed plant to a palatable one. Another theory suggested he brought seeds for the trip in hope of planting a garden, and when McCandless found no food he ate the poisoning seeds. There are several other theories to why the pot seed killed him, but all those theories led to the same problem at the end, lack of knowledge.


Instead of making theories to why McCandless died people should be more interested in why he started his trip. Many are too quick to judge McCandless without even finding out what kind of person he is. People who seek safety and isolation in the natural world always have something they can’t face in society. For many it might be money, relationship or family, and McCandless is no different. According to Carine McCandless, Chris McCandless’s sister, there had always been a problem between Chris and their dad. Their dad, Walt McCandless, an eminent aerospace engineer employed by NASA, was said to have a double life. When Chris found out the intimate relationship Walt had with his ex-wife, the hatred Chris had for Walt bubbled up. In a later interview Carine also admitted Walt McCandless’s violence towards the family, especially Billie McCandless, the mom. His family problems tell that his family had serious problems, and it was reasonable for Chris not to contact his family.


During McCandless’s journey to Alaska he used help from lonely drivers. He hitchhiked his whole way, and made friends with the drivers at the same time. Many of his companions during these car rides thought of him as a well-educated young man. Some examples are “he was congenial, and seemed well educated.”(5), And “he seemed extremely intelligent”(51). These quotes were made by people who only knew McCandless briefly but saw his obvious trait of intelligence. McCandless’s intelligence came not only from upper-class education, but genes. From a young age McCandless had a habit of thinking which he took too deeply. In McCandless’s case being too smart and thinking too much may not be the better. McCandless devoted time to think about the purpose of life much more than needed, I think that’s what got him into his problems.


McCandless’s decision of going into the wild was his own, but there is a lot more between his actions and why he did them that readers don’t understand. People shouldn’t be put into groups like idealistic explorers too fast. McCandless might be an idealistic explorer but he is not a duplication of anyone before him. I believe every person is distinct and unique in their own way. People could do the same things for different reasons with different purposes.

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Alexander Supertramp

Autopsy Report

Chris McCandless died in 1992. Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer tells why he made up his mind to go into the wild and die. The police are trying to find more information about the deceased but who is to trust?

Early September, 1992, three parties of six people arrived at a discarded bus where they found a body. Possessions found with the remains of the body and graffiti on the discarded bus suggested the man’s name was Alexander Supertramp. Alexander was tested to be in his late 20’s or early 30’s. Yet these evidence guided to nowhere.

Chris McCandless was the man’s real name. McCandless was in his early 20’s when he died of starvation in the wilds of Alaska. “Chris marches to a different drummer,” (107, Krakauer) his elementary teacher used to say. Chris’s sister Carine said “’Even when we were little’ says Carine, who was born three years after Chris, ‘he was very to himself…he could be alone without being lonely.” (107). There have been many before McCandless that were just as idealistic as him, but McCandless was different and he knew it.

I chose to mimic an autopsy of McCandless before the police found his real information so I could experience what the author had gone through to find evidence. From the person McCandless last hitchhiked to the last place he stayed at to the whole backstory of his life.

It is clear what happened to him, but why?

pictures from smartdraw

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Dangers of Substances to Alter Body Shape

dangers of body-altering drugs

  1. heart failures
  2. confusion
  3. depression
  4. suicidal thoughts
  5. sudden deaths
  6. stroke
  7. overheat
  8. short breath
  9. and a little weight loss

better alternatives:

  1. eat less
  2. eat food with fewer calories
  3. be aware of the consequences
  4. exercise
  5. play sports
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Fear the Witches!

Different people fear different things. Being brave enough to prevent mistakes in history is the most important. In a situation like the witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts in the late 1600’s, having the courage to believe in oneself and trust each other is vital. Most people in Salem feared something, it may have been death or danger or accusations, but they all contributed to deaths. If everyone overcame their fear and trusted each other these deaths may not have happened. Rosalyn Schanzer documented this dark history in the book Witches! for a reason, to spread a message. If people learn from history more lives will be saved in the future.

The accused were afraid of dying. There were two laws made in this book that are directly related to the life and death of the accused. The first law is on freeing the confessed witches if they state that they were really witches. This law made many accused innocents who were afraid of dying confess, and it made many villagers believe in the devil’s witches. Another rule made was when some “witches” accuse their relatives they get freedom in return. These laws are motivated by some people with power who wanted more power and fear from villagers.

The villagers were afraid of being accused. Some villagers knew the government was framing the innocent, but didn’t take action. These villagers knew they would be accused of being allied with the witches and scaring people. Other villagers joined the accusers so they would less likely be accused. Not everyone has the courage to uphold their beliefs despite the pressure of society, but their lack of bravery hurt people. Not all villagers were cowards, “he concluded by reading the Lord’s prayer so well, and with such composedness and fervency of Spirit, that it drew tears from many, and it seemed that the spectators would hinder the execution.” (96, Schanzer). This quote describes a courageous individual fighting for his innocence until the last moment. If there were more people like him the Salem witch trials would not have hurt so many people.

The accusers were afraid of being hurt by the judges and their families pushing them towards the judges. The most well-known accusers were the ‘young girls’, a group of tricked villagers helping the judges frame people as witches. They were harassed by the judges and forced by their parents to lie to impress the judges. In the end the girls confessed their lies that framed innocent people. Greedy governors tricked some people into supporting them and framing the “witches”. Later on these supporters found out that the governors only wanted properties of the killed “witches”. “…the judges conspire to make off with a share of the arrested citizens’ money and property.” (114, Schanzer). The judges and governors were the only ones getting what they wanted. They were the ones who influenced others to support their side, and later became the accusers. We know that witches are not real and the accusers must be lying, but the villagers at the time did not know. Most people do not lie when they don’t have to, and these accusers lied for the powerful judges and governors to keep them safe from harm.

If people had overcome their fear faster, then all of this would have stopped earlier. Some of the accused did not fear death and when it came to executions, that made people doubt if they were really witches. For example, Mr. Burroughs, an accused, was ready for his execution he read the Lord’s prayer so well that some spectators believed he was innocent. In the end many people, like famous authors and resigned governors, stood up to the unfairness. Many of these brave people tried to stand up on their own and end the witch trials. After their attempts most people knew that without the needed amount of people their strength was not enough. When these people heard about others like them they tried to get together and finally ending the witch trials. If they collaborated earlier and the villagers were brave enough to stand up to their government many more people would be saved.

Different people fear different things. Whether it be death, pressure or accusations, everyone has the responsibility to help their community. “…boiled and bubbled together to foment a perfect storm in 1692 that finally exploded in the little town of Salem Village, to horrendous and tragic effect.” (115, Schanzer). Maybe this series of events just happened too fast for people to catch what is really there to see. The horrendous and tragic consequences of the witch trials are remembered by its deaths, but has anyone thought of how persevering and courageous these executed witches were when they stood up to power?

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Boxer Rebellion Sites

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