Science Polymer Investigation Journal 1

Journal #1

Synthetic VS. Natural

What are synthetic materials?

 

A synthetic material is an artificial material.

 

Give 2 examples of synthetic materials.

 

·      Glue

·      Plastic

 

What are natural resources?

 

A natural resource is a resource that is made without actions of humankind.

 

Give 2 examples of natural resources.

 

·      Minerals

·      food

 

 

 

Polymers and Where They Come From

 

 

What is a polymer?

 

Polymers are large molecules made of small, repeating molecular building blocks called monomers.

 

 

Give 2 examples of synthetic polymers and the natural resources they come from

Synthetic Polymer #1

 

 

·      Glue

What natural resources does this come from?

 

·      Water

·      Corn sugars

·      Animal remains

·      Hydrochloric Acid

What would we use this synthetic material for?

 

·      To bind things together.

Synthetic Polymer #2

 

 

·      Plastic

What natural resources does this come from?

 

·      Oil

·      Gas

·      Coal (fossil fuels)

What would we use this synthetic material for?

 

·      To make bottles, containers, bags, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Reactions

 

How do natural resources go through a chemical reaction to become synthetic materials?

*important words to think about…polymerization, monomer, polymer

 

 

The natural resources go through a chemical reaction where the bonds break and the resources collide with each other, making a new substance. Then, the reacting monomers find each other within the new substance but in the end, this new substance would have many different characteristics marking it a synthetic material.

 

 

What is a monomer?

 

A monomer is a molecule that bonds with similar or identical molecules to itself to form a polymer.

 

 

What is polymerization?

 

Polymerization is the process of reacting monomers together in a chemical reaction to form a polymer chain, and ultimately create a polymer.

 

Sources I used:

http://www.gluehistory.com/glue-making/glue-ingredients/
Apple Dictionary (Monomers)
http://yourenergysavings.gov.au/information/plastics

 

 

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