The father of all modern vampire novels, Dracula has a deep and complex theme. The theme was mainly about sanity and insanity, comparing the living and the Un-Dead.
Jonathan Harker, a lawyer, travels to Dracula’s Castle in Transylvania to finish off a business with Count Dracula. The locals warned him about the count, uttering strange words that later translates into “vampire.” Harker finds Dracula to be a well-educated gentleman. However, Harker realized that he became a prisoner in the castle. The more Harker explores the castle, the more uneasy he becomes. He realizes that Dracula has supernatural powers including controlling wolves and immortality. Finally, Harker escaped by climbing down the castle walls through his widow. Harker reappears in the city of Buda-Pest suffering brain fever for a short period of time.
Meanwhile, in England, Lucy pale and bears two tiny red marks at her throat, which Dr. Seward cannot understand. Unable to conclude his diagnostics, he asked his old mentor, Professor Van Helsing for assistance. After Van Helsing’s examination, he orders Lucy’s rooms to be covered with garlic (a charm against vampires). For a while, this seems to heal Lucy’s begins to recover, but her mother accidentally removed the garlic from the room, leaving Lucy vulnerable again. One night, when the men let down their guard, a wolf breaks in and killed her.
After Lucy’s “death”, Van Helsing and the others went to her tomb. Van Helsing tried to convince the others that Lucy became “Un-Dead” (Vampire). The others did not believe him until they saw Lucy preying on a child, which convinces them to destroy her. While the undead Lucy sleeps, Holmwood plunges a stake through her heart. The men then cut off her head and stuff her mouth with garlic and truly killed her.
Mina and Jonathan return to England and joined the others. Van Helsing tracked down the boxes of dirt that the count uses as a shelter during the night. He found and sterilized 49 out of 50 boxes, but then one of Dr. Seward’s patients, Renfield, lets Dracula into the asylum where the others were staying, and Dracula bit Mina.
As Mina slowly changes into a vampire, Dracula to fled to his native Transylvania. The men followed and tracked him down. Van Helsing takes Mina and killed the three female vampires who seduced Jonathan when he was kept prisoner. The others caught up with Dracula just as he is about to reach his castle, and destroyed him like they did with Lucy.
The living in this novel were all portrayed as very traditional individuals however can be changed and become insane. For instance, one of the most interesting characters were Lucy who died an early death. She possessed both Sanity and Insanity at periods of times when she was transforming into a vampire “Come to me Arthur. Leave these others and come to me. My arms are hungry for you. Come, and we can rest together. Come, my husband, come!” (Chapter 16, Stoker) At their time, women were very traditional and were never that aggressive showing insanity slowly taking over as she turns into a vampire, also “Lucy’s eyes in form and color, but Lucy’s eyes unclean and full of hell fire, instead of the pure, gentle orbs we knew.(Chapter 16, Stoker) shows how a sane human rages and turns insane as the vampire. While the insanity can easily infect the sane, those who remains human must fight to keep their sanity.