Where in our solar system should NASA focus future missions?

NASA should focus future missions in our solar system on the moons of Saturn and Jupiter. Galileo, a NASA spacecraft, detected water plumes when flying pass one of Jupiter’s moons, Europa. The Hubble Space Telescope also saw these plumes. Scientists measured Europa’s magnetic field and plasma waves, and evidence suggested that the plumes indeed exist. There might be liquid water inside the moon that can sustain life. Enceladus is a moon of Saturn, and liquid ocean exists under its icy surface. The liquid ocean provides the conditions in which life can evolve. It is possible that life exists on Europa and Enceladus. Therefore, future missions should focus on exploring Saturn and Jupiter’s moons.



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The Amazing Universe

The book A Short History of Nearly Everything was written by Bill Bryson. The most important theme in this book is how amazing our universe are, and the purpose of the author writing this book is to let people to appreciate it. The cover images shows a planet, and the second image shows stars from the Earth’s point of view. I choose the two images because they both represents the beauty of the universe, which fits the central idea of this book.

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A Shelf

My biggest challenge was to make a shelf that don’t collapse if you put things on it. My greatest success was making a shelf that is relatively steady. One thing that I would have done differently is pay more attention when cutting the wood because I spent a lot of time trying to get rid of the extra wood.

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The video The Pale Blue Dot had more impact on me compared to Hubble Deep Field. “Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives.” “Think of the rivers of blood spilled by all those generals and emperors so that, in glory and triumph, they could become the momentary masters of a fraction of a dot.” This video showed how small earth is compared to the vast universe yet it reminded me the importance to preserve that tiny dot. It inspires people to treat others more kindly because of the insignificance of our selfish desires.

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Russian Revolution

What had changed in Russia from 1905-1939?
Russia changed from monarchy to autocracy. The old Tsar Nicholas II abdicated. Russia is now called the The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics under the dictatorship of Stalin. Religions became prohibited, except the worship of Stalin. Those who were accused of opposing the party were murdered or even given public trials. New practices for the workers were established by the government to reach their targets for the five-year plan. The discipline was especially strict, and labour camps were set up to punish the ones who didn’t follow the rules, however the results were astonishing. School restored their strict discipline. Illiteracy almost disappeared. Special benefits were given to families.

What had stayed the same in Russia from 1905-1939?
Millions starved to death because of the famines. The peasants stayed poor. The workers still received little wages and were heavily taxed. They still lived in overcrowded rooms.  Many people were still being tortured. There were still hunger and fear.

In 1939, how were Sergei’s and Alexander’s lives the same or different from 1905?
Alexander worked at a kolkhoz and received wages. His family shared a flat with other families. They also received health care service. His children went to a school with strict discipline. He was still a poor peasant.

Was the Russian Revolution Worth it?
In my opinion, it was still worth it. There were improvements in some areas, such as education employment. Although millions of people died, it would probably be worst if Nicholas was still the Tsar.

Images Cited:

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The Overlooked

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Chaos of the Boxer Rebellion

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Robotic Petting Zoo

One skill I learned in this project was programming the arduino. One piece of advice I would give a future student doing this project is be aware of how much time you have left to finish building your robot. Overall, I think this product was successful because our clients, the first graders, really enjoyed interacting with it.

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The Guilt of Ignoring

Benjamin was intelligent but cynical. He was a donkey from the book Animal Farm written by George Orwell. The book described how the animals in Manor Farm started a revolution to end the tyranny from Mr. Jones, the original owner of the farm, but the majority of animals’ lives ended up to be the same after the revolution because of the corruption of power from the pigs.

It is clear that Benjamin was just as intelligent, if not more, compared to the pigs. When most of the animals could not learn any letters beyond A, he could read perfectly just like any pig. When Boxer the horse was murdered because he became useless, Benjamin was the only animal that understands what was actually going on. When all the other animals were arguing if they should have 3-day weeks or full manger, he refused to believe either that food would become more plentiful or that the windmill would save work. The statement he made “…life would go on as it had always gone on−that is, badly.” (George Orwell, 16) was very true.

However, despite his intelligence, he barely did anything to stop the pigs from becoming dictators. The only exception is when Boxer was sold to a horse slaughterer by the pigs, but he definitely didn’t try his full efforts. The other animals all got convinced by the pigs that Boxer was sent to a hospital to help him recover from his injuries, and it was Benjamin who told them the truth. (“Fools! Fools!” shouted Benjamin, prancing around them and stamping the earth with his small hoofs. “Fools! Do you not see what is written on the side of that van?”…” ‘Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer, and Glue Boiler, Willingdon. Dealer in Hides and Bone−Meal. Kennels Supplied.'” (36) ) However, yelling to the van obviously didn’t work; days after it was announced by the pigs that Boxer died at the hospital, and all the other animals got convinced again; Benjamin didn’t try anything to tell the other animals the truth anymore. If he did, then there might be a chance that the animals will rebel against the pigs.

Unlike the other animals, Benjamin was very much aware of the pigs’ unjustness but did nothing to try to stop it. Instead, he ignored it simply because he didn’t care. While this kind of characteristics may seem harmless, he actually helped the pigs to become dictators and was quite responsible for the miserable lives of the animals at the end of the book.

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