Future Solar System Mission Proposal

Nasa should focus their future solar system missions on one of Jupiter’s moons, Europa, and one of Saturn’s moons, Enceladus. The most essential thing to life is water and sunlight, all known organisms need it whether it is tiny microscopic bacteria or giant roaming creatures. Europa is one of the best candidates for a life wielding inhabitable environment. Europa was always thought to have a very large salted ocean under its frozen crust, and after a close look through the spacecraft Galileo, there were several signs of plumes emerging from the surface of Europa during its orbit around Europa. With several sightings through the close encounters the Galileo had with Europa’s surface and the Hubble Deep Field telescope, many plumes were repeatedly seen. Many of the areas were well in the inhabitable living range as Elizabeth Turtle, a research scientist said,” [the subsurface ocean] is likely the most habitable part of Europa because it is warmer and it is protected from the radiation environment by the ice shell.” Similarly to Europa, past Enceladus’s thick atmosphere, lakes, and rivers of liquid methane, there is believed to be an ocean beneath the icy surface. There have been both very old and new discoveries clouds of vapors studied through the Cassini spacecraft. The geyser-like hydrogen molecules are most likely coming from chemical reactions from the ice and water creating microscopic organisms. Discovering hydrogen and carbon dioxide in the moons is significantly important because this combination could come from underwater microbes creating methane gas like microbes on earth. Both Europa and Enceladus have all the factors contributing to giving it the perfect possibility for those two moons to inhabit life. Not only do the oceans have similar qualities, but they also are very vast. With the endless amount of species on our planet’s oceans, there are big possibilities of the two moons holding life. No matter if it is small bacteria or an intelligent creature, the smallest sign of life on outside of Earth is groundbreaking, starting with Europa and Enceladus, the thought of extraterrestrial life will be no longer be science fiction.







Enceladus’s Plumes

Europa’s Plumes


Image Citation:


Enceladus: https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/179834-saturns-moon-enceladus-has-a-huge-ocean-of-liquid-water-scientists-confirm

Live Edge Candle Wax River Table Final

For one day, my partner Sam and I made a live edge candle wax river table. There were many problems through the process of making this table that we had to analyze and overcome. First of all, to make the river crevice, we needed a very powerful and loud power tool called the router. It was so loud in fact, that we weren’t allowed to use with other people around, so we ended skipping lunch running the router through the wood. Secondly, was the warped wood, the main piece of wood was a little bent, we took a long time making the perfect fit for the legs. And lastly, was pouring the river wax. This was challenging because it was difficult to pour the wax evenly and spread out across all parts of the river avoiding clumps and overfilling. Overall our finished table was a success, with a few mistakes we made while making it, it ended up looking nice. Our greatest success was making the river look natural and real.

Here is our finished project:

One Day Blog Post – Furniture Making

For One Day, my partner Sam and I are planning to make a crayon river coffee table. It will look like a normal coffee table, except there will be a 1 cm deep river running through the center of the table, with colorful crayons melted into the river. The dimensions (in cm) of the wood we are using are (Length) 179, (width) of 28.7, and (height) 2.4. First, we will cut 29.5 cm of wood on both sides of the wood to create the legs. Next, we will sand down all the sharp edges of the wood to prevent any cuts and splinters as well as give it a nice smooth look. To carve into the wood, we will use the router power tool to make the river crevice. After we have achieved our river look, we will split different sections of the river for different colors. We will melt crayons into the river to make a colorful lively river. Once the crayons harden, we’ll polish the top of the table with a nice wood finish to make the colors pop and prevent any scratches on the table. To finish, we will finally secure the 2 29.5 cm legs to the table.


The Pale Blue Dot

The Pale Blue Dot video had a bigger impact on me than the Hubble Deep Field video. Deep into space, on NASA’s Voyager 1 spacecraft captured a picture of Earth deep in space, about 3.7 billion miles away. Though, our home appeared not as a giant home as we see it, but as a small blue dot. Our once seemingly large home, in the entirety of the universe, is nothing more than a tiny speck floating in the cosmos. “That’s here, that’s home. That’s us, on it, everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you’ve heard of, and every human being there ever was” was in that small dot. This video is very inspiring to me because it gives us a very good idea of what we are doing to ourselves. Earth, in a large solar system in our eyes, which is just 1 in over millions and millions of other solar systems, all with the potential of harnessing life, but none with the potential to save us from our selves. It shows how precious and how spectacularly lucky we are to live and die on a planet that satisfies every single one of our needs. That dot is our only home, that every organism has that right to live and share on the planet. Yet we are destroying ourselves, our homes. Even if we do end moving to another planet. How long will it last before our chaos is cast upon it and it gets destroyed by us too? This video teaches us we as the human species, should cherish and live peacefully together and protect our planets so billions and billions more of us can share it too. So that in all of the vastness of space, all the galaxies, we would only need Earth, our home. “For small creatures such as we the vastness is bearable only through love.” – Carl Sagan.



Breaking Stalin’s Nose

In the book Breaking Stalin’s Nose by Eugene Yelchin, the protagonist, a small boy named Sasha, who has grown up in a communist family in Russia. For most of his life, Sasha loved living in communism, he is especially faithful to his inspiration to become a great communist, the great leader, Stalin. All throughout the story, you can see Sasha believing every great detail about Stalin as well as ignoring rumors against them. For example, during the beginning of the book, Sasha says, “My dad is a hero and a Communist and, more than anything, I want to be like him. I can never be like Comrade Stalin, of course. he’s our great Leader and Teacher” (Yelchin 1). It was after various events from his dad getting arrested, breaking a statue of Stalin on accident, and after many cover-ups, he was finally caught. The resolution of the long-lasting conflict in this story happened shortly after Sasha was rewarded a second chance if he renounced his father, after all the love and commitment he gave to communism, he decided to run away from it: “I take a last look at the banner, turn away, and dash out the back door, down the stairs, and out of the school. I don’t want to be a Pioneer” (Yelchin 141).

For this multimedia post, I made a movie poster because they typically show the conflict, and a big part of this book is about internal conflict. About whether Sasha wants to become a communist and the events leading up to it. I showed this conflict by putting a powerful picture of Stalin on one side, and Sasha on the other. I made them look very different from each other hinting at the strain of deciding whether to commit to communism or not Sasha was put through in the book.

Do you want to make a cool poster like this? Try it out here!



Polluting Paradise

My assignment was to create a poem about a real-world problem.

The problem I chose was UN STG Goal #14, life below water. More

specifically, how we were polluting the ocean with plastics. In this

poem, I tried to give you a vivid image of what we are doing to the ocean.

I hope this poem inspires you to make a change to save our world.


We are Destroyers


Today, I woke up to a foggy morning in the middle of a ginormous yawn

Remembering the aroma of the air,

Abruptly interrupted by the stench as strong as the spray of a skunk

As I looked out, instead of beautiful blue waves,

Mounds of dirty trash and plastic bags—

As the ocean had its last supper

It was dying and disappearing by the second because of our sins

What other animals can destroy an entire marine world like humans?


It is quite simply because

We are destroyers.

The selfish humans choosing plastic bags over fish

Trash over turtles

Humans, ignoring the cries for help from the baby seal trapped in fishing nets below the ocean

And pleads from mother nature

As we ignored and intoxicated her most beautiful creation-the ocean with pollution

It’s just our reputation as we say the world is evolving but the truth is

We are dissolving

Slowly chipping away at the timeline of humans each day,

As the life that disappears from our sewage

We disappear with them

We are part of the liars

That think we are doing good

As each hour, 1.5 million pounds of trash gets dumped in the

world’s most amazing creation.

The ocean—

We are abusers

Destroying mother nature’s creation winners

By polluting the water with plastic and fidget spinners

As I walked to school yesterday morning,

There was an old man sitting on his porch

With sadness in his heart and sorrow in his eyes

looking over the untamed land, muttering

“The bill will come due”

That old man is true,

With what was the home to all the world’s most amazing creatures

Ginormous fields of coral sprouting with life,

Until the wraith of the sapient man

Came upon the life in the ocean is

Where all bad has began

From colorful corals to dried dead fossils

From gentle giants soaring under the horizon

Turned to sushi rolls to eat for fun

As six-pack rings become turtle nooses

With plastic in the water killing all fish, seals, and gooses

We tested nature to the limits,

Pulled the last string—

It is our time to pay up—

Many say humans are destroyers,

That was me until with heavenly chorus the light of dawn

Shone underwater upon

the most beautiful animals living below the waves—Hope.

I have hope in humanity that

Within every family

We can save—We can change—We will be embracers

We will begin, recycling and reducing the use of plastics

Hoping that we don’t push against the strong current of nature

but instead, flow with it—

The race of humans will be forgiven

We will erase the fact that we almost destroyed the ocean

Instead, the history books will say how we saved it—

As we embrace

We will face our problems and help not only

The ocean and every organism in it, but also ourselves—

As we embrace

with faith, the mother’s land will be restored,

And the life below water will be saved

-We will have cleansed the earth from our horrible nature

And like that,  we too will evolve

And become embracers.


Image Citation: https://www.water-pollution.org.uk/category/prevention/


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