Where In Our Solar System Should NASA Focus Future Missions?

NASA should focus future missions on investigating comets, specifically the 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko. This mission would be a CAESAR mission, or a Comet Astrobiology Exploration Sample Return. NASA would send a robot out to the 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko comet which would collect samples of the surface of the asteroid and come back to Earth. It would return in November 2038.

Steve Squyres, a researcher at Cornell University said, “Comets are the scientifically important objects in the solar system,”. This is because comets have been around as long as our sun. Comets contain materials and molecules that are older than life. These include water, organic molecules, and several other gasses and chemicals. NASA has collected a comets coma before, but this would be the first mission to return any material from a comets surface.

If NASA collected these molecules from the comet, we would be able to learn incredibly more about life on Earth and its history. These comets may have contributed water and organic molecules to early Earth, from when the first single cell creatures were emerging. Although it would be difficult to collect these, as they easily turn into gas, scientists would be able to learn wonders about the origin of life and our planet.

How Big is the Solar System?

The universe is enormous. Everyone knows that, but it’s hard for everyone to realize just how enormous it is. Our galaxy is one of hundreds of thousands, our sun is one of millions, and our planet is one of billions!

The Milky Way, our galaxy  is hundreds of thousands of kilometers. Pluto the furthest planet from the sun, is 3.6 billion miles away from the sun! The closest planet to the sun, Mercury, is only 35 million away comparatively. There are two sections of planets in our Solar System. The inner planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. In between them is a gap of over 580 km, and an asteroid belt. The planets also have massive varying sizes. The smallest planet, Pluto, has a diameter of 1477 miles, while the largest, Jupiter, is 86881 miles. That’s still not even close to the size of the sun, though. The sun has a radius of over 695,000 km, and a mass of 1.989 × 10^30 kg

Overall, our solar system is massive. And the sun is even larger. The solar system’s size is almost incomprehensible its so big. Just try to imagine the universe

Most Important Image of All Time

Option 1.

Do you agree or disagree?

I agree that this is one of the most important images of all time in regards to astronomy and learning about the size of the universe. This image shows us just how big the universe is, and how relatively small humans, the sun, and even the Milky Way are. This image shows us just how much there is to explore out there. How much there is for us to discover. There are millions of planets, all different shapes and sizes, and even more stars, many even bigger than out sun! This image also represents an image taken of something millions of lightyears away. Just having technology that can take an image like that is amazing! By showing us how big the universe is and how much there is out in space, this picture also encourages people and groups like NASA and SpaceX to keep making advancements and great leaps in space travel technology. Overall, I agree that this is one of if not the most important image of all time relative to astronomy and space technology.

 What other images would maybe fall into this category? Why?

I think other images that would fall into the category of most important images in terms of astronomy would be Neil Armstrong on the moon, The Soviet’s images of the dark side of the moon, and images that show an important historical event. I believe this because these images show the progression of mankind in space travel, and how far we’ve come now compared to before. These images will also be there for people in the future to look back on how much they’ve done then. People may be living on mars sitting on a red beach in an artificial dome powered by a Dyson Sphere, and they’ll be able to look back at the first man who ever travelled into space! I think the most important images of all time are images that mark historical events in space travel.

Current Events: OSIRIS REx

Current Events – OSIRIS REx

       On December 3rd, NASA’s probe the OSIRIS REx arrived at its destination. The asteroid Bennu. OSIRIS REx stands for the Origins Spectral Interpretation Resource Identification Security Regolith Explorer. It is going to Bennu in order to collect a sample of the gravel that will be brought back to Earth and studied. NASA scientists chose this asteroid for many reasons. Bennu is large enough to be able to safely land on it without having OSIRIS be immediately thrown off. It also is close enough to Earth to not take long for a probe to arrive at. Bennu also has the ideal composition for the samples NASA is looking for, as it is carbon rich and contains organic material that is almost 4 billion years old and which hasn’t significantly changed. NASA scientists believe that “Bennu may contain the molecular precursors to the origin of life and the Earth’s oceans”. The OSIRIS REx was launched in 2013, and on December 3rd, 2018 it began its preliminary survey of the asteroid Bennu. The OSIRIS REx will return to Earth in the year 2023 with a sample from Bennu.
I believe that this mission is a great step in space exploration and technology. Just the OSIRIS REx arriving at the asteroid shows huge leaps, as we wouldn’t have been able to make a probe that could get out to a rapidly spinning asteroid like Bennu just 10 years ago. One research working on the OSIRIS mission said, “My heart-rate is three times faster than normal but I’m super-excited. Watching the team celebrate such an amazing milestone brings personal joy to me in so many ways I can’t even explain,” (Tucson, University of Arizona). The OSIRIS’s return will also bring new information about Earth that we wouldn’t have been able to find otherwise. The gravel from Bennu will allow us to be able to find and study the organic materials that some researchers at NASA think are the same materials that led to life on Earth 4.5 billion years ago. The OSIRIS REx mission is a great leap in science and technology, and we will be able to learn a lot from its mission to the asteroid Bennu.


How important do you think the OSIRIS REx mission is?
Where do you think space technology should go next?

Work Cited
Dunn, Marcia. “NASA Spacecraft Arrives at Ancient Asteroid, Its First Visitor.” Newsela |, Newsela, 7 Dec. 2018, newsela.com/read/nasa-spacecraft-asteroid-visitor/id/47892.

“THE MISSION.” OSIRIS-REx Mission, www.asteroidmission.org/objectives/.

“Why Bennu?” OSIRIS-REx Mission, www.asteroidmission.org/why-bennu/.

Amos, Jonathan. “Osiris-Rex: Nasa Probe Arrives at Asteroid Bennu.” BBC News, BBC, 3 Dec. 2018, www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-46428018.

Boxer Rebellion Legation District – Events and Places

During the Boxer Rebellion, the Chinese boxers layed siege to the Foreign Legation District and attacked the foreigners. They not only murdered foreigners like Ambassador Von Kettler, but they killed their own Chinese people. The boxers decapitated missionaries and didn’t show mercy. The boxers in the Boxer Rebellion deserve their bad reputation.

My New Avatar

I chose the alien Goop from Ben 10 as my avatar. I chose him because I love the original Ben 10 series and characters. Goop used to be my favorite character from Ben 10, so I picked him for my avatar.


Resolution Blog Task – Gregor the Overlander

My collage shows the elements of the plot and theme of the book Gregor the Overlander, by Suzanne Collins. This collage uses mainly uses pictures to show the plot and colors to represent themes. The background colors and texture is meant to represent the underland and the sense of being underground, as that is where the majority of the story takes place. The title of the book and author is in the center and is bold and in red to make it stand out against the earthy colors of the background. There are two sets of pictures in this collage. The top row, which shows what’s going on in the overland and the emotion of Gregor’s mom, and the bottom row, which shows the events going on in the underland. Beginning at the beginning of the story in the overland. The story starts with Gregor and his family, who aren’t living a very comfortable and sad life. They also live in a broken family, because Gregor’s father “ran away”. The sadness from Gregors dad is introduced in the quote, “”He thought about different possibilities a lot in his head, but they rarely mentioned his dad at home.” (Chapter 1, page 10). The picture of the ripped family with the dad separated represents this element of a broken family, and the red and blue colors represent the anger and despair brought onto the family and Gregor. In the middle two boxes of the overland row, the pictures show New York, which is the setting where Gregor lives, but these boxes mainly focus on the colors and Gregor’s mothers emotions. She is extremely sad because of the disappearance of Gregor and Boots, and from the second to the third picture you can see her conflicting emotions of sadness(blue), anger(red), and other struggles she needs to deal with(purple). The colors are all mashed to together and make a feeling of chaos. The final picture shows the family reunited, as Gregor, Boots, and their dad come back from the underland. They are basked in a golden glow to emanate feelings of joy at reunification, but there are still underlying hints of sadness and question between Gregor’s mom and dad. In the other piece of the collage, the plot in the underland is shown. At the beginning, before Gregor came down, there was joy and peace in the underland. Although there were bits of contention with Luxa’s family and the rats, represented by the colors, the land was mostly peaceful. The next box shows when Gregor came and the Prophecy of Gray began. The burning city literally shows that the human city was attacked by the rats, but also that the world was entering more disarray. The prophecy and scroll literally represents that the prophecy was beginning to take form. The third box shows the conflict and the good vs. evil. The bats representing the good side and the people carrying on the prophecy, and rats being the evil rats. The background is in the underland and the dark earthy colors combined with the red fires make an almost scary environment. The final box shows the underland city after Gregor had left. The duller and colder colors represent that Luxa’s family was nearly destroyed as she lost her cousin Henry, and the city of the humans was never going to be the same as it had been before the rats attacked. Her sadness is shown in, “A tiny tear formed at the corner of her eye. A battle took place on her face as she tried to stop the feeling rising up in her.”(chapter 25, page 285). Many people died, and connections between different kingdoms were both strengthened and weakened. Overall my collage shows the themes of the importance of family and friends, as well as showing the plot and setting of Gregor the Overlander.



MSND Magazine

My magazine focuses on Hermia. The background shows Hermia and Lysander, and is explained by the paragraph Hermia: Caught Cheating? This paragraph explains Hermia’s relationship with Lysander and Demetrius. The quote I used of Hermia, “So will I grow, so live, so die, my lord” explains that Hermia is going to need to make a life or death decision. The final paragraph, The New Queen, isn’t related to Hermia, but explains something else going on in Athens, Theseus’s wedding. This section talks about Hippolyta and the mystery behind her Amazonian past.

Protein Synthesis Story

Reflection: My protein synthesis story showed overall understanding of the subject and protein synthesis, but it was not a creative format and didn’t meet the standards for using scientific language. My protein story showed all the steps of DNA to proteins, and explained the use of Insulin. However, the format I used was a comic strip, and it didn’t have well made or thought out characters or a allegory. Overall, I think I could improve my story by adding an allegory and using more scientific language.

Rising Action – Book Comparison

  1. Connect the text with another text. Write a text-to-text response in which you connect a key element from the rising action & climax exposition(character development OR conflict) to the same in element in another text. A text here is loosely defined as not only another book, but also a short story, a TV show, a film, a poem, a song. Your first paragraph should be about the key element in the book you are currently reading. Include MLA formatted quotesas evidence in that first paragraph. Your second paragraph should be a much longer paragraph, in which you elaborate on the same key element in the other text. Include specific examples from the other text as well. See this student exemplar or this one.

Ranger’s Apprentice The Siege of Macindaw vs. The Battle or Skandia

I read Ranger’s Apprentice, The Siege of Macindaw by John Flannagon, in which the main character Will needs siege and capture a castle to save the kingdom. This story has many similar aspects to one of the previous books in the Ranger’s Apprentice series, called Ranger’s Apprentice, The Battle For Skandia. In that book, Will needs to defend a castle from being sieged, and plays a reverse roll from The Siege of Macindaw, but the character development, setting, and certain pieces of the conflict are very similar. At the beginng of The Siege of Macindaw, Will is fairly static, but he goes through many challenges in the rising action that challenge him and allow him to learn and change. One example of this is, “Still in light shock, Will reacted angrily to the question.” And, “Will shouted angrily, stepping back from him.” These quotes are from when Will was in a battle, where even when using all the techniques he’s learned over years of learning, he is overcome and defeated. Will is angry and disappointed in himself, and because of this he struggles to lead because of self-doubt and thinks lowly of himself. This is when Will becomes a dynamic character. The setting of my story is Macindaw in the Norgate Fief. This is a cold barren land with heavy snowfall, which makes things harder for Will and Horace to work and prepare for the siege, because they are in an unfamiliar environment without as many resources as they are used to. Will’s overall goal in this story is to take Castle Macindaw so that he can save Araluen from the invading Scotti. Many of these ideas are also found in the other book, Ranger’s Apprentice, The Battle for Skandia.

The book Ranger’s Apprentice, The Battle for Skandia has Will in the country of Skandia, where the Temu-Ji people are invading and Will needs to defend  Skandia and repel the invaders, although Will is in unfamiliar territory, with unfamiliar people. Skandia is in the far North and is incredibly cold and snowy, even more than Macindaw. The story states, “Exhausted before he first hour was out, Will kept doggedly on, stumbling in the snow from time to time and, on occasions too numerous to count, falling full length to lie groaning.” This shows that due to the extreme weather, Will is struggling to even continue walking forward. This is similar to Siege of Macindaw, although in that book Will is older and the weather is slightly less extreme. Unlike in the book I am currently reading, in The Battle for Skandia Will is dynamic throughout the whole story. At the beginning he is struggling to walk through the snow, but he perseveres through, and in the middle and to the end, he is learning to lead people and train them. In The other story, Will has already learned these things, so he doesn’t develop as until he comes to a new challenge he hasn’t faced before, and instead of learning for the first time like in The Battle for Skandia, Will instead needs to relearn after he lost some of his confidence. In both stories, Will has the same motive: to save Araluen from an invading country. In The Siege of Macindaw he is doing this in a more direct way, because the Scotti is invading Araluen directly. In The Battle for Skandia, Will is defending the country Skandia, so that the invading Temu-Ji wouldn’t get the resources they needed from Skandia to invade Araluen. Overall, these two books may not seem very similar, but Will’s character development and how the conflict and setting affected that are very similar.