CER: Where In Our Solar System Should NASA Focus Future Missions?

Question:

Where in our solar system should NASA focus future missions?

Claim:

NASA should focus future missions on the outer planets.

Evidence:

Article “Search for life beyond Earth might only need go as far as Saturn’s rings”

  • “NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has found hydrogen molecules in the geysers shooting off Enceladus, scientists announced last week.”
  • “A liquid ocean exists beneath the icy surface of Enceladus, which is barely 300 miles across.”

Article “Scientists revisit data that points to water plumes on a moon of Jupiter”

  • Jupiter’s moon, Europa has long been thought to have a salty ocean about twice the size of our planet’s hiding beneath its icy surface.”
  • “Scientists found the changes they saw were “consistent” with the spacecraft crossing a plume.”

Reasoning:

The reason why NASA should focus future missions on the outer planets is because the scientists have found hydrogen molecules and water plums in Saturn and Jupiter. Considering that Saturn and Jupiter are both outer planets, otherwise also known as ‘gas giants’, it’s important to conduct future research there. Conducting future research there would enable the scientists to find out if the planets are habitable. Therefore, NASA should focus future missions on the outer planets.

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Reflection For OneDay 2019: Just Dance!

In my opinion, I think what my group and I did well was that we had planned out the process of learning the dances of the 2 songs well, and we persisted. I strongly think that it was a good decision for our group to learn the dance as much as we could before OneDay, because as we did that, it was easier for us to practice the dance together as a group, combine the dance and improve on our dances. The reason why I said we persisted was because every time we faced challenges, we didn’t just avoid it or skip the challenging part of the song, but we went over it again and again for multiple times and didn’t give up.

During the course of the OneDay, I learned many different dance moves that I haven’t danced before, and I also developed on my collaboration skills, as I worked with a group and collaboration was an important aspect in making the dance successful. I think OneDay is important because it provides students many opportunities to try out many different things. In 6th grade, I’ve done science experiments, and in 7th grade, I’ve made handmade gifts, as I danced for 8th grade, I’ve done something different each year for OneDay. Another reason why I think OneDay is important is because it helps students develop many different skills and strategies, such as creativity, collaboration and develop& planning skills. Another reason why I think it’s important is because since the students get to choose what to do, it gives them more opportunities to develop their thoughts and do something that they’re interested in.

Overall, OneDay 2019 was a great experience.

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OneDay 2019: Just Dance!

Creating & Improving

First, we started off by practicing Forever Young by Blackpink from 9:30 to 10:20. Then, we had a break for 10 minutes, and started practicing La Vie en Rose by IZ*One from 10:30 to 11:00. After practicing both songs separately, from 11 to 12, we practiced both songs at the same time on the mashup version. As we were working through, our main focus was to get the formations correct, synchronize and practice the parts we weren’t good at. We also improved by giving each other feedback while practicing, and watching the original dance video again. In the beginning, we practiced in front of the mirror, so that we could correct ourselves for the parts that were wrong and could improve on. After we’ve practiced after the feedback, we practiced without the mirror for several times to make sure that we memorized all the parts and could dance without hesitation.

Although we tried to work out through the dance by practicing over and over again, we still faced several challenges. In a lot of parts, there were some dance moves that some of us had never practiced before, and when we practiced slowly and tried it in the original speed, it was quite challenging to follow through and dance the correct moves and parts. Another challenge that we faced was using the space available and spreading out. Because we were working as a group and it was not only the individual dance parts we had to get correct, but we also had to get the whole formation as a group correct as well. We overcame the first challenge by helping out other group members who were struggling, and practicing in slow speed then gradually increasing the speed up until the original speed. We also overcame the second challenge by practicing, and more specifically, we looked at the original dance video slowly part by part and as a result of that, at last we could all do it correctly and successfully.

Here’s our practice video:

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Plan For OneDay: Just Dance

What did I decide to do & why?

This year for OneDay, we’re doing K-pop dance (mashup), with 3 of my other friends, Jenna, Linie and Haewon. I chose to dance, because I’ve never learned dance before, but it always had been something that I wanted to try out.

What are you thinking about doing? What are some ideas/inspirations/tutorials that will help you?

During the several days of preparation during mentoring time, we’ve combined two songs together into a 3-minute audio file, and based on that mashup, each person in our group assigned ourselves for a part. Our group decided to learn the dance as much as we could beforehand, so that we can take more time today (OneDay) to put all the dance together. We were inspired by the 4-people dance videos on YouTube and learned from it. Today, our main goal was to combine all our parts together and get the formations correct.

Original Dance Videos: Forever Young by BLACKPINK and La Vie en Rose by IZ*ONE

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Finding Home

International migration, its causes and effects and the way to deal with the issues are widely discussed and debated all over the world in the society we live in today. People migrate from one place to another, having different reasons, such as ‘pull’ and ‘push’, or otherwise known as ‘voluntary’ and ‘forced’ migration. In International Migration-A Very Short Introduction byKhalid Koser, it thoroughly explains about international migration in depth. International migration impacts the world, the society, the families and individuals, and there are many connections I can make to this topic.

First of all, I can connect the topic of international migration to the books I have recently read. The first book is Pachinko by Min Jin Lee. (I’ve touched on the setting and theme of the book on my previous posts) As international migration definitely impacts on the individuals and their lives, Pachinko is a great example that fully demonstrates the impacts caused by migration. In Pachinko, Sunja and her family were ‘pulled’ for migration, as in Japan, the living conditions were comparatively better than Busan, Korea. “…the impact of migrants and migration varies significantly according to a wide range of factors including the characteristics of migrants, their geographical location in host societies, and underlying labor market conditions and social relations there.” (Koser, 81) In International Migration-A Very Short Introduction, it covers the idea of how impacts caused upon the migrants vary, depending on many different factors such as the social conditions, their economic status and location. Just like how it’s demonstrated in Pachinko, as they were living in a small part of Osaka where many other Koreans were living and working, it was easier for Sunja’s family to adapt to the new location. Moreover, as the Japanese factory owners and businessmen didn’t want to hire Koreans, it was very challenging for the men in Sunja’s family to stabilize their financial incomes. Another book that I can make a connection to is The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini. (I’ve touched on the conflict and theme of the book on my previous posts) People not only move because of the ‘pull’ factor, but they also move due to the ‘push’ factor, as shown in The Kite Runner. “It is worth remembering, for a start, that many migrants leave their homes because they have no choice.” (11) Amir and his father had to leave Afghanistan, because the Taliban were occupying the country. Considering the social and political conditions of Afghanistan, they had to leave to country and go to America. Just like this, even in stories that’s not mainly focused on migration of the characters, I can make connections of international migration to other books.

Another connection I can make is a text-to-world connection. Like I have mentioned before, from the past to the present and even to the future, international migration is a topic that’s widely debated and discussed. “… international migration today affects every part of the world.” (6) Just like how it’s mentioned in the book, it’s hard to say that no one in this world has never got impacted by migration, both nationally and internationally. “It would be naïve, at the same time, to deny that international migration today also poses important challenges.” (10) Politics are very much included, social conditions and economics are included as well. In the status quo, some serious problems caused by international migration ranges from the US-Mexico border problem to the refugee crisis in parts of the world. People disagree upon measures taken to problems and issues caused by international migration, and it’s often not easy at all to find solutions. However, it doesn’t mean that all the problems are solved once people find a place to settle. In many cases, further problems are caused even after some migration-related problems are solved. An example can be seen from South Korea. Recently, South Korean government has allowed the refugees from Yemen to temporarily stay in Korea. However, the Korean government has found out later on that some Yemeni refugees were faking their social status as a refugee, and tried to benefit from the acceptance of Yemeni refugees in Korea. Although this isn’t always the case, it’s hard to deny that there are problems after problems. For this, I could make a text-to-world connection.

Not only can I make connections to another book and to the world, but I can also make connections to my family. As international migration impacts the world, countries and societies, it also impacts the individuals and families. My nationality is South Korea, and now I live in Beijing, China, and this is definitely an example of international migration. “A common distinction, first of all, is between ‘voluntary’ and ‘forced’ migrants.” (14) As my dad was ‘pulled’ to work in China and my parents had wanted to provide my brother and I with an opportunity to study in international schools, our family moved to Beijing; therefore, I can state that I, myself is a migrant. Moving internationally to another country had impacted my family and I in countless ways, both negatively in some ways and positively as well. Not only can I make connections to my family in the present day, but I can also make a connection to my family background. My ancestors were originally from China, from the Song Dynasty, and their decision to move to Korea made them migrants, despite the fact that it was a very long time ago. From this, I could see that migration had been something that has happened from the past to the present, and is very likely to continue in the future as well. Having said all of this, I could make a connection to my family, both in the past and in the present to the topic of international migration.

In conclusion, I could make numerous connections to the topic of international migration, its causes and effects. I also once again could think about the problems and negative impacts of migration, and realized that in the world we live in today, there are way more negative impacts than positive ones. We call this planet Earth home, but in fact, many struggle to find a safe place to settle down; a home isn’t a home for countless number of people. In all, based on all these connections I’ve made, I could tell that migration can happen everywhere for countless reasons and can have numerous impacts on the migrants and the society they join in to.

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Same But Changed

What had changed in Russia from 1905-1939?

Having the Bloody Sunday be the starting point of crueler and unimaginable events that came afterwards during the time period between 1905 and 1939, many things had changed in Russia. There were constant revolutions taken into action by the peasants, resentful soldiers and the Bolsheviks. As a consequence, the government changed. New government systems such as the Duma were introduced; however, not everything was effective. There were conflicts between people even after the Tsar abdicated, and the motives of the leaders changed. Before Tsar Nicholas II was abdicated, his motive and intention was to keep up the royalty of his family and prosper. On the other hand, when Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized power, Lenin tried to make the country better than it was under the Tsar’s control. There were new policies introduced and issued, and the status of the peasants constantly changed. The War Communism restricted many rights and freedom of the peasants, and as a new policy called New Economic Policy was introduced after the War Communism, the peasants got a portion of their rights back. The things that the peasants were allowed and forbidden changed all the time, and there were more fear and hunger. By the time Lenin was dying, there were increased violence. The members of the Politburo, especially Joseph Stalin, would do anything to reach a higher social class and gain more power. There came murders and cruelty, and so as time passed by, there were increased violence. Moreover, people would do anything to maintain their authority. For example, Stalin was determined to wipe out Trotsky from USSR. When Trotsky was exiled and moved to Mexico, Stalin made sure that all the evidence and traces of his life in USSR was clearly removed. Trotsky’s name was removed from documents and official publications, and photographs of him were burnt. Trotsky’s supporters were purged from the Party, and in many cases, imprisoned or killed. Even more, the government’s control over the civilians grew as well. There were labor camps and Gulags, and the peasants had no other choice but to do what they were told.

 

What had stayed the same in Russia from 1905-1939?

Many things had changed in Russia from 1905 to 1939, but many had stayed the same as well. In fact, nothing much had changed. The pyramid type of social system and classes didn’t change much even after many policies had been issued and introduced. The distribution of power was unequal just like in 1905 under the Tsar’s control, and the peasants weren’t happy at all. The peasants were expected to work for the supreme leader and the government, and therefore there were constant rebellions due to tremendous resentment. Even after new leaders’ controls, famine was striking the whole country, and the peasants were the ones who were impacted the most from it. Famine meant that the peasants would have to grow more crops, which also meant more labor with nothing much coming back to them. Moreover, although the “leaders” had changed, the fight and conflict for power didn’t diminish. People did anything to get what they wanted and to meet their goals in terms of politics and authority. In one way, we can arguably say that because the fact that people wanted more power didn’t change, it led to other changes such as more violence and cruelty.

 

In 1939, how were Sergei’s and Alexander’s lives the same or different from 1905?

Even until 1939, Sergei was always kept fed because of his status in the army and his high authority. Being the loyal soldier he was, despite the changes of the government and the policies issued which impacted the peasants greatly, he had his place in the army and nothing much was like a challenge to him. Alexander, on the other hand, until 1939, had to give up his own ration of food for the rest of the family; his ration wasn’t even enough for Alexander himself. During the years under Stalin’s control over USSR, he was forced to go to the labor camp and work for the government projects. However, it wasn’t only him who had to go to the labor camps. By the end of 1930s, there were labor camps in every part of the USSR. Alexander was very disappointed with the Five Year Plan, despite Stalin’s plan of developing USSR’s economy, industry, agriculture, education and all the public services. Alexander started to think back and compare his life in 1939 to his life in 1905, and started to wonder if his life was better before. Regardless of his deep thought, he knew that it wasn’t safe anyhow for him to share his thoughts out in the public. Alexander’s life had changed as the country changed, but what he actually did didn’t change.

 

Was it worth it?

I can arguably say that the 34 years of unimaginable pain and suffering was definitely not worth the outcome. The social class and division had remained the same in 1939 just like it had been in 1905. In 1905, the Tsar and the upper class lived in prosperity, while the peasants had the burden on their shoulders to work for the government and supply the country with food, resources and everything. Even after the revolution and countless deaths between the time period of 1905 and 1939, people were craving for more authority and power. The “leaders” of Russia didn’t stop expanding their powers even after they had enough; they wanted more than enough. However, they weren’t the ones who were working, but it was the peasants who were working and producing everything for the government and the supreme leader. Thinking back to the whole purpose of the start of the revolution and 34 years of hard work, everything had begun because people wanted better lives. But then in 1939, they were still in factories, labor camps farmlands working for the upper class, not having felt that their lives had gone better. Therefore, the 34 years of all the work, revolution and events were not worth it.

 

Image sources:

800px-Canal_Mer_Blanche. Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labor_camp#/media/File:Canal_Mer_Blanche.jpg. Accessed 23 Jan. 2019.

Belbaltlag_Detail. Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom, gulaghistory.org/nps/onlineexhibit/stalin/work-src/images/belbaltlag_detail.jpg. Accessed 23 Jan. 2019.

Other peasants and I working at the labor camp.

Thousands and millions of workers in the labor camp.

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