<The Reality of China>
Do you know the reality of the country where you are living? There are issues regarding hunger, health, education, and inequalities in China. The main cause of these problems is that poverty is still prevalent in China. If people do not have income, they cannot receive their basic living components, such as food, health insurance, and education. In addition, poverty is definitely one of the causes of inequality, which will drive poor people out of society, since money is equal to the power nowadays. Poor will be abandoned from society, while riches are being welcome to people. Therefore, it is significant to know what is the cause of this gigantic gap and find out what should the Chinese government do to remove poverty from China. Poverty still exists in China and it is a problem that must be solved. This brings many negative effects to the country even though some people do not believe it is a problem; however, the Chinese government is working hard, and the poverty rate decreased a lot compared to the past.
The Chinese government said that they will remove poverty from China by 2020, but it seems a little bit difficult by looking at the current situation. According to the New York Times, “Mr. Xi described eradicating poverty by 2020 as one of his chief priorities, vowing to ‘leave no one behind in the march toward common prosperity.’” Shows that China is really putting effort to remove poverty from their country, but there are reasons why people are saying it seems little impracticable at this point. As the recent survey shows, 32/41 people see 1-10 beggars in a week when they pass the street, while 9/41 people said that they never have seen any beggars when they pass the street. (Kim) This indicates that even though China’s poverty rate decreased a lot, there are still many people who do not have enough money to receive their basic living components. As reported by the gapminder.org, the poorest family in the site is the Liang family from China. Their monthly income is about $132 and living in a house where there were two more generations lived before them. “Liang family are hoping one day to fulfill their dream of buying enough food for the family.” This quote from the gapminder.org shows that some people do not have enough money to buy food that we eat every day, which is clearly showing us that there are much more people who do not even have this much of resources. The point that Liang family can be introduced in this gapminder.org means that they are one of the poor people in China, but also means that there are more people in China who cannot even live like them so that they cannot be introduced in the gapminder.org. Liang family is not the poorest family in China since they at least have their basic living components and were able to be introduced in the gapminder.org. These statistics are emphasizing how today’s Chinese citizens are hardly pushing themselves to support their family and tells that if Chinese government strongly wants to remove poverty from China by 2020, they should work harder to achieve their goal.
There are still people in China, who believes that “poverty” is not a problem and this is a big misconception. From the recent interview of local people, 5 out of 7 people said that they think poverty is not a problem in China. (Kim) This indicates that the local people do not have interests in minimizing poverty rate since they think poverty is very far away from China, yet if this continues and there is no action taken in the future, there will be more people with poverty, which will definitely decrease country’s economy and it will make larger gap between rich and poor that finally leads to the inequality problem. In addition, it is true that people have to put their attention to this problem. “Yes, I experienced poverty before when I was young, and our living condition was not good.” (One of the dancing ladies) As the late interview shows, while people with poverty lives in an unhealthy environment, others do not pay attention to them and lived their own life without realizing the reality of China. The local people in China must have a recognition that they are the one who gives actual impact to the country and tries to get to know more about the problem by cooperating with the government to remove poverty from China since not everything can be done by the government.
On the other hand, people say that the Chinese government is already working enough hard as the odi.org shows the data, poverty rate decreased by 26% in 2007 to 7% in 2012. (19 August 2015) The interviewees in the odi.org said that “China has already lifted more people out of poverty than anywhere else in the world: the per capita income in China increased…between 2000 and 2010, per capita income also rose by the same rate, from $1,000 to $5,000, moving China into the ranks of middle-income countries.” (19 August 2015) These statistics are clearly showing how much China is funding and putting effort to remove poverty from its country; however, the citizens who are included in the middle class are the ones who earn money and lives with more than their basic living components and the problem is the people who are living lower than this level, the beggars on the street. China has been good enough with the actions they made to remove poverty from their country, but they have to continue these efforts if they want to perfectly eliminate poverty by 2020; yet, in this way, the anti-poverty programs will decrease the economic level of China since it costs a massive amount of money. Some people say that the economic boom in China is still continuing and it will gain money that the government can use this money for the expensive programs, yet this is not an effective way to reduce poverty. “But the economic boom that made China rich never came to Chashan… Mr. Li, 72, spends his days limping along dusty roads to collect trash in exchange for tips.” (October 31, 2017) This is a piece of evidence showing that the economic boom cannot solve poverty problem since most of the economic boom goes to the central cities of China and does not impact at all on the countryside.
In conclusion, the Chinese government should work harder to completely remove poverty from China by 2020. Such as telling other residents that poverty is a serious problem in China. The actual rate shows that China’s poverty diminished a lot by the time passes, but what we actually see in our life is far away from the official rate. Even though the rate shows that the poverty rate is decreasing rapidly, the reality of people’s living environment has no difference than the past. Which leads to the conclusion that the government should provide more effective services for the people in poverty. All of these points are strongly indicating that this is the only way that China can remove poverty permanently from their country and make sure that everyone can live at least with the basic living components in the near future.
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