Where in Our Solar System Should NASA Focus Future Missions?

Where in our solar system should NASA focus future missions?

Articles:

https://newsela.com/read/jupiter-moon-europa-water/id/43653

https://newsela.com/read/saturn-moon-world/id/29423

Claim: NASA should focus future missions on Enceladus, a world orbiting one of Saturn’s moons, and not towards Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons.

 

Evidence:

Enceladus article quotations:

“NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has found hydrogen molecules in the geysers shooting off Enceladus, scientists announced last week. They think these molecules could be coming from chemical reactions deep in the ocean. These reactions between water and rock could spark life for microbes—that is, microscopic living creatures… “We now know that Enceladus has almost all of the ingredients that you would need to support life as we know it on Earth,” she said at a NASA news conference.” (Newsela)

Europa article quotations:

“One of Jupiter’s moons may have plumes, or geysers, spraying clouds of water vapor…Scientists suspect that warm, liquid water lives under Europa’s thick ice shell. Given that, this moon is considered a “top candidate” by NASA for life on another world in our solar system.” (Newsela)

 

Reasoning:

While both candidates could possibly have life, Enceladus is more likely to have life because there is more evidence. There is definitely an ocean on Enceladus and that there is everything there needs to be for life to exist, but in Europa’s case, there is most like liquid water in it. There were hydrogen molecules found on Enceladus, which most likely come from a chemical reaction that also creates microbes, a type of organism. There were no such molecules found in Europa. Enceladus has similar geysers that Europa might have, as well as the hydrogen molecules that might mean life there. There is more evidence pointing towards life being on Enceladus than Europa.

Chair Bear is a Chair, it Doesn’t Have Hair ‘Cuz its a CHair that Doesnt Care

Chair Bear is the chair that I made with lots of care. Throughout the processing of making this Chair, that I later named Bear, I used a carpenter’s square. The biggest challenge was learning to declare that I wasn’t going to use the plans to this chair. I overcame this affair by just putting the wood together in a way that fit because the wood i prepared didn’t pair with the plans for this chair. My greatest success was that this chair doesn’t fall into disrepair. What I mean to say is that this is a very sturdy chair, so sturdy, in fact, I swear it could support a mare.  I would not be surprised if selling this chair were to make me a multi-millionaire. If I were to tear apart this chair and repair it so that this piece of wooden-ware would become a better chair, I would make the back of this wooden-ware chair slightly higher, so that if your shoulder was bare and you leaned upon this chair you wood feel the wooden-wear there. In conclusion, I will declare that Chair Bear is the finest chair I will ever share on One Day.

One Day 2k19 before post

I plan on following the instructions on the link below to make a chair

http://www.ana-white.com/2010/11/plans/four-dollar-stackable-children%E2%80%99s-chairs

 these are the dimensions for said chair, however these are in inches and i had to make a rough approximation into centimetres.

The Most Important Image Taken by Mankind

“Most important image ever taken!”

  • Do you agree or disagree?•What other images would maybe fall into this category? Why?

I don’t think that this image is the most important image to mankind because I don’t think that any single image is the most important image to mankind. I do think that this image is quite important, though. The fact that there is that much ‘stuff’ in a blank space in the sky, a place that looks like there’s nothing there actually has so much, really shows how big the universe is. However, everyone has things that are important to them, and you can’t say that any one image is better or more important than any other. It could be the most important image to certain people, but to other people that video of the guy lip syncing to Numa Numa, it all depends on the person. People are different from animals because we have individuality, and have different things that are important to us. If you were the type of person who was an astronomer, or someone who loved space, that image could be the most important image to you, but not to everyone else. Any image could fall under “the most important image ever taken by mankind”. For some people it could be a famous painting, for some it could be a scene from a their favorite movie, or for some it could be a picture of a family member. There isn’t one “most important image”, it all depends on the person.

 

The Universe Is Big

I think it’s crazy how big the universe is. With the scale we were using in class, 1cm=50,000 km, I would be able to fit all the planets in one hand, the terrestrial planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) were all smaller than my finger nail and all the outer planets (Jupiter, Uranus, Saturn and Neptune), were all the size of small rocks. The sun, which is so big it has eight planets revolving around it, was only 27.8 centimeters in diameter, and Pluto, a dwarf planet, was so small it was a little larger than half of a tenth of a centimeter, making it 464 times smaller than the sun.

Regardless how small the planets were, the distance between them were quite large, even with the scale were using. During class, we went outside to behind the dome to try and model how big the universe by walking the distances between the planets. The first one, Mercury was 21.6 meters away from the “sun”. Considering how big the planets were, that is very big. In total, we ended up walking from the dome, around the baseball field, did a lap of the track, went back in the school and ended up in the cafeteria when we finally got to Pluto. In the scale we were using, Pluto was the size of a grain of sand, but it was over a thousand meters away from our sun that was less than a diameter in size. That’s how spread out our universe is. All the posters and models don’t do it justice, making it look so small and compact.

The solar system is just a small part of the galaxy we live in, which is one of multiple in the universe, so needless to say, the universe is giant.

46p/Wirtanen

The comet 46p/Wirtanen will be closing in near earth this weekend, and it will be the brightest comet of the year. It will be seen traveling in the southern part of the sky, near Orion. The comet will be very bright because “It will be the 20th-closest approach of a comet dating as far back as the ninth century, according to Sky & Telescope.”(Newsela). The comet will appear to be fairly large, 2-3 times the size of the moon. Wirtanen isn’t the biggest comet, being only 3/4 mile long, but it will be quite close, “The next perihelion passage of comet Wirtanen will be on 16 December 2018 when it will pass 0.078 AU (7,220,000 mi) from Earth.” (cometwatch). The comet was first discovered by Carl Wirtanen in 1948, and it passes by Earth every 5.4 years. Comets tend just to be clumps of rock and ice, as well as frozen gasses, such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane.

I think that this comet is pretty cool, and I wish I was able to see it. Seeing this comet could be a good opportunity for people to get into astronomy, but it may be very hard to see because of light pollution. “…should be observable with the naked eye from a location with little light pollution”(NBC). As someone who rarely ever sees the stars because of light pollution, I think it would be nice if there were less lights turned on constantly, so people could be able to see the night sky better, and it would be nice to be able to see things like this comet.

Discussion questions:

What do you think about this comet, or astronomy as a whole?

What is your opinion on light pollution?

Sources:

https://newsela.com/read/comet-will-zoom-past-earth/id/47987/

https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/brightest-comet-2018-pass-closest-earth-december-ncna945786

https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/what-s-difference-between-comet-asteroid-ncna925576

http://www.cometwatch.co.uk/comet-46p-wirtanen/

Sites of the Boxer Rebellion

I don’t think that the boxers deserve a bad rap. They only wanted to preserve there own way of life and traditions, and didn’t want the foreigners in there land. While they could have handled it better, the foreigners were guests in their country and should have respected the boxer’s wishes and left China alone.

My New Avatar

This is my new avatar, and I hand-picked each every detail to fit me. I am ‘holding’ a baseball bat and glove because I like baseball. This avatar has blonde hair and glasses, just like I do. He is wearing a tuxedo because he classy, like me, and he is wearing a tiara because he is special, just like me.

Resolution

8. Compile a soundtrack. Choose one of the following two options:

a) Create a soundtrack of 8-10 song titles that ALL show understanding of one theme or multiple themes, or

b) Create a soundtrack of 8-10 song titles that show understanding of a number of story elements throughout the story: setting, characterization (just one aspect is sufficient), a type of conflict, theme, resolution.

Use  Soundtrack or 8Tracks or Soundcloud to embed your selections at the top of the post. Then write at least one sentence to explain each of your selections. Remember that you still need to meet all of the general expectations, including an MLA formatted quote. (Be the first to create an exemplary response for this prompt!)

I read the book The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie. The songs I chose are:

1.“Indian Reservation” by Paul Revere and the Raiders

2.“American Kids” by Kenny Chesney

3.“Friends in Low Places” by Garth Brooks

4.“The Ballad of Ira Hayes” by Johnny Cash

5. “A Boy Named Sue” by Johnny Cash

6.“When You’re Young” by Three Doors Down

7.“Get Up, Stand Up” by Bob Marley

8.“Everybody Hurts” by R.E.M.

 

Setting:

Song:

“Indian Reservation” by Paul Revere and the Raiders

This song is about a Cherokee Indian reservation, and the book takes place on an Indian reservation, though not Cherokee, for about half the book. The song is about how and Indian reservation came to be, and how there is never anything good happening there, which, I think, matches with the book.

Song:“American Kids” by Kenny Chesney

The other place this book takes place is Reardan, the classic American farm town. The song is about all the things everyone growing up in a town like Reardan would experience, and it’s full of tropes and clichés you would see in movies, and that is the type of town Reardan is.

Song:“Friends in Low Places” by Garth Brooks

This song is about people who drink their problems away, and that describes just about almost all the Indian in this book because they have so many problems and they drink so much, and that’s the type of place this Indian reservation is.

Characterization: 

Eugene

Song:“The Ballad of Ira Hayes” by Johnny Cash

The song is about an Indian who was a great soldier, but he was still really poor and became a drunk, which led to his death. Eugene was really good basketball player when he was young, good enough to go to college, but never did because he was a poor Indian drunk, similar to Ira Hayes. Spoiler Alert “Way drunk, Eugene was shot and killed by one of his good friends, Bobby, who was too drunk to remember pulling the trigger… They were fighting over the last sip from a bottle of wine.” (Alexie 169)

Rowdy

Song: A Boy Named Sue by Johnny Cash

The song tells the story of a boy named Sue who had to grow up tough because people would make fun of him, and this is pretty similar to Rowdy, who had to grow up tough because he was poor. In the song Sue’s father abused by naming him Sue, but in the book Rowdy’s father would beat him. “I knew Rowdy’s father was probably going to beat the crap out of him for losing the game” (Alexie 196)

Conflict:

Man vs Society

Song:”When You’re Young” by Three Doors Down

The song is about not fitting in the place that you are, about it making you into what everyone else there is, and this is very similar to Arnold in the book. If he stays on the rez, he will never amount to anything, he was born poor and will die poor, just like everyone else there. “You’re going to find more and more hope the further away you get from this sad, sad reservation” (Alexie 43)

Theme:

If you want something you need to fight for it. Song:“Get Up, Stand Up” by Bob Marley

This song is about standing up for what you believe it, and not giving up. In the book, Arnold doesn’t give up when he wants to go to a better school, even though he is bullied, doesn’t fit it, and is constantly faced with problems that would make less determined people give up. “You’ve been fighting since the day you were born… you fought off that brain surgery, you fought of all those seizures, you fought off all the drunks and drug addicts” (Alexie 43)

Resolution:

Song:“Everybody Hurts” by R.E.M.

This book is resolved when Rowdy and Arnold patch up their friendship and people stop being mean to Arnold because he left the rez. When he, Spoiler Alert, loses his grandmother and sister, people stop bullying him because he has suffered enough. Rowdy accepts that Arnold will eventually leave the rez for good and Arnold accepts that Rowdy will never do anything amount to anything, but they are together and friends now and that’s what matter. The song is about acceptance that everybody hurts and everybody cries sometimes, and I think it fits with the way the book is resolved. “I hoped and prayed that someday they would forgive me for leaving the reservation. I hope someday I will forgive myself” (Alexie 230)

Protein Story

Myosin Synthesis

Reflection: I think my protein story shows that I have a good understanding of protein synthesis, and overall it was a good, creative project that I made. I enjoyed this project, though I don’t think it furthered my understanding of protein synthesis, it was just a way to show my understanding.