In the book of Animal Farm by George Orwell, the author. The story events are truly based on the Russian revolution, and also of the history during World War 1 and 2. In this story the setting takes place in a farm, in England. The animals are mistreated, and tired from working a hard life. The humans had ruled over them and forced them to work for only the humans. After a while the animals in one farm are tired of this and want to begin a new life.
At the beginning of the story the author introduces a farmer named Mr. Jones. He treated his animals unfairly, as they were kept as slaves, and only given as little as needed to sustain their lives. In this story Mr. Jones represents Tsar Nicholas from Russia. In England, during the day, all the animals needed to work for the farmer Mr. Jones. During the night when Mr. Jones had fallen asleep, the animals had all gathered into the barn to listen to a speech from one very respectable Pig. His name was Old Major, in the book he represented the man behind communism called Carl Marx, he had also represented Lenin, as he was the leader of the animals. After his speech and dream, he was able to give wisdom to many people, as well as hope for others. The one thing that stuck to the animals was the song Beasts of England, where the meaning of that song was freedom and peace.
First came the three dogs, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher, and then the pigs, who settled down in the straw immediately in front of the platform. The hens perched themselves on the window-sills, the pigeons fluttered up to the rafters, the sheep and the cows lay down behind the pugs and began to chew the cud. The two cart-horses, Boxer and Clover came in together, walking very slowly and setting down their vast hairy hoofs with great care lest there should be some small animals concealed in the straw. Clover was a stout motherly mare approaching middle life, who had never quite got her figure back after her fourth foal. Boxer was an enormous beast, nearly eighteen hands high, and as strong as any two ordinary horses put together. A white stripe down his nose gave him a somewhat stupid appearance, and in fact he was not of first-rate intelligence, but he was universally respected for his steadiness of character and tremendous powers of work. After the horses came Muriel, the white goat, and Benjamin, the donkey. Benjamin was the oldest animal on the farm, and the worst tempered. He seldom talked, and when he did, it was usually to make some cynical remark—for instance, he would say that God had given him a tail to keep the flies off, but that he would sooner have had no tail and no flies. Alone among the animals on the farm he never laughed. If asked why, he would say that he saw nothing to laugh at. Nevertheless, without openly admitting it, he was devoted to Boxer; the two of them usually spent their Sundays together in the small paddock beyond the orchard, grazing side by side and never speaking.
The two horses had just lain down when a brood of ducklings, which had lost their mother, filed into the barn, cheeping feebly and wandering from side to side to find some place where they would not be trodden on. Clover made a sort of wall round them with her great foreleg, and the ducklings nestled down inside it and promptly fell asleep. At the last moment Mollie, the foolish, pretty white mare who drew Mr. Jone’s trap, came mincing daintily in, chewing at a lump of sugar. She took a place near the front and began flirting her white mane, hoping to draw attention to the red ribbons it was plaited with. Last of all came the cat, who looked round, as usual, for the warmest place, and finally squeezed herself in between Boxer and Clover; there she purred contentedly throughout Major’s speech without listening to a word of what he was saying. (Pg. 26-27)
The way that everyone had sat during the speech was a way to identify the groups of animals, and also who would stick or help who. It would also show the positions everybody would have later on as well as the actions that the animals would take. This passage shows the characteristics of every animal and also how or what the animals would become like in the future.
We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty…The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth. (Pg. 28)
During Majors speech he talks about rebellion and about making everyones lives better. But to do so they would need to get rid of all the humans that have made them do the tiring work that they do everyday. It was the animals against their ruler, and also everything that had to do with Mr. Jones. Just like the theme Person vs Society, Old Major was talking to everyone about the revolution that would need to happen before they would be free.
“All men are enemies. All animals are comrades.” …… Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. What ever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. And remember also that in fighting against Man, we must not come to resemble him. (Pg. 31)
During the speech of Old Majors one of his quotes was that all men are enemies and all animals were friends. Then also in fighting against man, they must never come to resemble him. This part about resemblance to humans was the most forgotten part about Old Majors speech later on, and it keeps on coming back in later times to haunt the animals. The only part of the quote that most animals had remembered was “Two legs bad, four legs good.” Which showed that they were determined to overthrow Mr. Jones, and receive their freedom as a victory. To overthrow Mr. Jones, the animals needed to prepare themselves for the event.
The animals had all hated Mr. Jones and all wanted to be free, Mr. Jones had treated them all badly, and was considered a monster. But then after a few days Old Major had died, the other pigs (as the smartest animals on the farm) had taken it to be their job to prepare everyone for the revolution. The animals all had new leaders, Napoleon, a pig that is not very intelligent and always gets his way. And another pig named Snowball, a smart thoughtful and creative pig. Napoleon in this story is based off of the historical character Stalin, while he is not the smartest he is the most respected for doing things no one would want to do, or volunteer to do. Snowball on the other hand was based off the historical character Trotsky, he was a war general, and well respected by everyone. He was smart, bright as well as creative and energetic, but was known to have tempers and be very disrespectful at times. One miraculous day after the animals were not fed for days, the animals invaded the store shed to get food, the store shed was next to the barn. When Mr. Jones and his men came the animals hungry and fed up, butted and kicked the humans until they ran.
One of the cows broke in the door of the store-shed with her horn and all the animals began to help themselves form the bins. It was just then that Mr. Jones woke up. The next moment he and his four men were in the store-shed with whips in their hands, lashing out in all directions. This was more than the hungry animals could bear. With one accord, though nothing of the kind had been planned beforehand, they flung themselves upon their tormentors. Jones and his men suddenly found themselves being butted and kicked from all sides. The situation was quite out of their control. (Pg. 39)
This part of the book as the revolution is an event that can be based off many other historical events from Russia. As like Bloody Sunday where the people had just wanted to protest peacefully for food, but then ended up where many were shot dead. It can also relate or be based on the Bolsheviks and their one day revolution to take over Russia. Another connection is to the civil war in Russia where the war was between the Reds (Bolsheviks) and the whites (Richer classes and supporters of the tsar). The animals would represent the protesters, Bolsheviks, and the Reds.
The Seven Commandments
- Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy
- Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend
- No animal shall wear clothes
- No animal shall sleep in a bed
- No animal shall drink alcohol
- No animal shall kill any other animal
- All animals are equal
The seven commandments were made for the animals to acknowledge and respect the rules. This way every single rule could enforce the habit so that the animals would not come to resemble their tormentors, and their foes. This way the animals may stay united, together, and at peace.
Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back! Yes, Jones would come back! Sure, comrades,” cried Squealer almost pleasingly, skipping side to side and whisking his tail, “surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?” (Pg. 52)
As time drags on the pigs have lots of power and are corrupted. They needed to reinforce the rules just so that they would be able to gain more and make the animals all work while they get more luxuries than the others. The pigs would use Squealer as their speaker and he would persuade the animals to let the pigs take the luxuries swirling around the farm, as they are the brain workers, and also are the most hard working in the whole farm.
I can connect to the animals on the person or People vs Society. Since one of the big problems nowadays are about corruption within the governments. The corruption would enable the people in the government to feel like they should get more back in return while everyones else’s days still stay the same. The exposition of the book talks about rebellion, the events and outcomes of the rebellion. The reason behind all of this would be that the government was not stable and working properly to the conditions where everybody is equal.