As-Salaam Alaykum. May peace be in you. I am Anoosh Ismael. I’ve been working as a clergy member for almost my whole life. I was 20 years old when I first came into the clergy. For about 30 years, I always thought that religious leaders were better than any other people in the world. I also thought that we would never make mistakes; however, one scene made this thought shatter into pieces of glasses.
Changes and Continuities:
Coming through the forty years, there were some parts that changed and some parts that were remained the same. The most noticeable change in Iran was the change of the governors. Starting from Reza shah in 1925, the power went to Dr.Mossedehg in1951, then to Shah Pahlevi in 1953, and finally to Ayatollah Khomeini in 1979. Not only the governors changed, but also the format of the government had changed. Reza shah gave Majlis, the parliament, little independence; he ruled with absolute power. However, people start protesting and the power got into Dr.Mossedegh’s hand. When he was in power, he tried to govern Iran by democracy yet, people thought he was a communist. The influence of Islam also changed by different rulers. In 1979 when Ayatollah Khomeini grips the power, he revives Islam and governs based on Islamic criteria. As compared to Khomeini, when Reza shah and his son, Shah Pahlavi, were ruling over Iran, they tried to modernize Iran by accepting the west culture; this made many Iranians be less aware about Islam. For an example, they banned women wearing veils, but allowed them to wear shorts. As has been noted, when the shahs were ruling Iran, they tried to follow the west, which also means that they had good relations with America and all the western countries. For an instant, the shah received military forces from the United States and frequently met with them. However, when Dr. Mossedagh gets into power he wanted Iran to be more independent. He tries to nationalize the oil and break continental relationship with foreign countries. Same as Mossedagh, when Khomeini comes to power, he tries to get with the United States. American Embassy Hostages can be one of the examples. Khomeini tried to reduce the power of foreign countries, so he declared America as an open enemy. Consequently, the American Embassy Hostages happened. There were many changes but also continuities in Iran. During the revolutions, the Shahs were great supporters of Feminism; they wanted women to have jobs, educations, and the right to vote. In contrast, Ayatollah Khomeini wanted women to serve man and to take away their rights. When Khomeini came back to power, women wore veils and Iran became a strictly Islamic country. This led for the women to wear veil these days in Iran. Revolution is related to our life these days. Especially for Iran revolution, people are influenced by the history that happened hundreds of years ago.