A Doll’s house vs Imitation
Common theme
1. Power dynamics (imbalance) in households/marriage/
2. Gender role at the time period/setting

A Doll’s house:
– Norwegian play for Norwegian Audience
– 19th century

Purpose of ‘A Doll’s house’
– Critique the middle class marriage and reveal and reveal how they are not perfect.
– The author illustrates the presence/theme of power dynamics through critiquing the imperfect marriage of middle class households in 19th century, Norwegian age.

– Nkem, a nigerian housewife who lives in Philadelphia with her Children, is subjective to her husband and has no power to make decisions in her family.
– portrays the lonliness, disappointment, courage, survival, and
– purpose: promote/encourage women to ensure their right / pursuit equal level/quality of life for Nigerian women.

A Doll’s house
1. Character development (Nora, Helmer)
– Nora → being confidential to being confident
– Helmer → as Nora changes, his attitude changes as well (support the theme that he isn’t so strong as he seems or pretend to be )

• Commentary – just mentions the 6 dimensions of rhetorical (persuasion) triangle
○ title
○ Author
○ Context (summary background)
○ Publication (publisher)
○ Date of publication
○ Audience
○ Purpose (message)
• Thesis (last sentence of the introduction) – include at least three devices my paper will discuss in depth
• PEEL (point = topic sentence, evidence (2), explanation (2), link = conclusion to that paragraph)
• Minimum 4 pages
• Formal language
• Evaluate the effectiveness of the author’s choice in achieving her/his purpose
• Name, example, significance in understanding the context, if the author was effective.
○ Perhaps the use of simile is better than allusion in achieving the purpose (concluding sentence in the body)
• Non-literary:
○ Advertisement
§ Websites (written + visual), magazine (mostly visual), poster (video), commercial (video)\
○ Comic
○ Propaganda
○ Brochures
○ Article (The Onion, The school of life, Editorial, Op-ed (opinion)
○ Book cover
○ Website – donation campaigns.
○ Letter
○ speeches

Discussion Text
1. purpose:
○ explore more than one point of view on a given subject to reach an informed opinion, or to make a decision on a issue
2. Structure:
1. provide background information.
2. explore different arguments for and against with an examination of the supporting evidence
3. sum up both sides of the argument, before giving a recommendation based on the writer’s evaluation of those arguments.
3. Key Features:
○ title often in the form of a question
○ written in present tense
○ generic statements are followed by specific examples
○ arguments often supported with diagrams and illustrations

Explanatory Text
1. Purpose
○ explore causes and reasons. retell what happened. address how or why it happened.
2. structure
1. open with a general statement (usually factual)
3. Key features
○ title reveal what is discussed
○ diagram, flowchart, illustrations
○ written in simple present tense
○ time connectives (ex. first, after, then, next, finally)
○ talks to the reader directly (ex. you)

Instructional/Procedural Text
1. Purpose
1. communicates rules to follow. tells the readers what to do (explanation text describes)
2. structure.
1. This type of text begins with a defined objective or goal, which will often form the title.
2. Usually a list of resources, equipment etc will then be included, followed by a step-by-step description of the process to be followed to achieve the desired outcome.
3. written process supported by diagrams and/or illustrations.
4. Occasionally, the diagrams or illustrations may replace the written text entirely.
3. Key features
1. Title indicates the process described e.g. How to…
2. Includes resource / equipment list
3. Process described step-by-step using bullet points, numbers etc
4. Time connectives used to organize writing (first, next, then, finally etc)
5. Imperatives used
6. Diagrams / Illustrations used to support or replace text

1. Purpose
○ convince the reader of the merits of adopting a particular viewpoint or taking a specific course of action.
2. structure
1. Beginning with an opening statement, or thesis statement, persuasive texts start by summing up the viewpoint to be presented.
2. The body paragraphs then organize, present, and elaborate on this viewpoint.
3. A closing statement then restates and reinforces the original thesis of the text.
3. Key features
1. Written in the simple present tense
2. Moves from a general point to specific points
3. Uses logical connectives (therefore, because of this, this proves that)
4. Employs rhetorical devices
5. Uses facts and evidence to support arguments
6. Addresses reader directly
7. Employs various methods of psychological persuasion

Non-chronological text
1. Purpose
1. The purpose of non-chronological reports given information and detail about something that happened, but without being tied to providing a linear account in terms of time.
2. structure
1. Though non-chronological reports don’t conform to the usual chronological structure of reports, there is generally an underlying logical structure at work, albeit not a temporal one. Information is often grouped by category and the report tends to move from a general opening statement on the topic to detailed and specific information as the report progresses.
3. Key features
1. Often written in the present tense, third person
2. Sometimes written in the past tense e.g. on an historical event
3. Frequently, the passive voice is employed
4. Usually focused on general subjects
5. May contain several subheadings
6. Dispassionate in tone
7. May include tables, diagrams, or images

1. Purpose
1. Recounts focus on retelling events and are generally intended to inform and/or entertain.
2. structure
1. Recounts often open with a scene being set, or other device that establishes context. They continue by providing an account of the events that took place, usually in chronological order. At times, the chronological structure can be reordered by using techniques such as flashbacks etc, but generally this is the domain of fictional recounts.
3. Key features
1. Most often written in the past tense as text type relates events that already happened
2. Time connectives used extensively to organise chronology e.g. first, then, next, after that, etc
Details are used extensively to flesh out the barebones of the events

(24) Paper 1 Guide