## Turtle Art Project, All Four Parts

1. Analysis of a turtle art drawing
1. There are two sub-procedures
1. One is for the snowy ground
2. One is for the snowflakes

The code

There is a simple code for the background and two sub-procedures, one for the snow on the ground, one for the snowflakes. A random pattern is used for the variation of lines to be drawn on the bottom half and a parameter pattern is used to create the snowflakes.

1. Set background as (-9999, 0)
2. Create a sub-procedure for the snow on the ground
1. Set the pen size as 10
2. Set the domain as X and Y by doing SetXY, X(-400, 400), Y(-300, 0)
3. Set the shade as y coordinate / -2.5
5. Forward: 60
3. Create a sub procedure for the snowflakes
1. Create a parameter patter, repeat:
1. Set pen size 3
2. Set the domain as X and Y by doing SetXY, X(-400, 400), Y(0, 400)
• Store in box 1: random 5, 12
1. Repeat: 100
1. Forward: 5
2. Back: 5
3. Right 360/box 1

I have made a few interested adjustments to my artwork. To make the artwork more interesting, I changed the color of the snow on the bottom half of the canvas to a combination of different shades of blue. Apart from that, I have added a few trees in the foreground to make the piece more realistic and added a red tree with a yellow star in the center to create a point of focus. To create the small blue dots in the background, I added a new sub-procedure which is another repeated pattern of lines of length 1. For the trees, I drew the overall shape, and filled it with color. For the yellow star in the middle, I create an iteration pattern and filled it with color after the outline was complete.

1. Add a few trees to make it more realistic
2. Add drops of water to simulate an actual scene,
4. Add a point of focus

1. Inspiration

I will create a Turtle Art piece of the Itsukushima Shrine in Hiroshima. I visited the city of Hiroshima during last year’s ELO week. During one of the days, we visited a nearby island where this shrine is built on. I found it very interesting that this shrine is built on water. In addition, this photo mainly consists of lines and curves which makes it possible to be recreated on Turtle Art.

I will first create a sub-procedure for the sea, then create a sub-procedure for the mountains in the background, then a sub-procedure for the sky, and lastly a sub-procedure for the shrine itself.

1. Create a sub-procedure for the sea
2. Set the pen size: random (5, 10)
3. Set color as 50
4. Set the domain as X and Y by doing SetXY, X(-400, 400), Y(-400, -100)
5. Set the shade as y coordinate – 50
7. Forward: 60

Create a sub-procedure for the mountains

Create a repeat pattern

Set box 1 as random (2, 5)

Create a few triangles * box 1

Restrict the domain of x and the range of y

Create a sub-procedure for the first left pole of the shrine

SetXY

Create a rectangle

Set color as light orange

Start and end fill

Draw a semicircle at the bottom of the rectangle

Color it brown, start and end full

Create a sub-procedure for the first right pole of the shrine

Copy the blocks of the previous sub-procedure, except change the SetXY

Create a sub-procedure for the two vertical poles at the back

SetXY

Draw a taller rectangle

Color it in a darker shade of orange, start and end fill

Repeat the previous codes, change SetXY

Create a sub-procedure for the first horizontal pole

SetXY

Draw a horizontal rectangle

Color it bright orange, start and end fill

Create a sub-procedure for the top horizontal pole

SetXY

Set color as a darker shade of orange

Start fill

Draw a small arc, then continue it with a long horizontal line, then end it with a small arc.

SetH

Change color to green, change pen size to something thicker

Close the shape, end fill

Create a sub-procedure for the black badge

SetXY

Draw a trapezoid

1. Reflection

I am convinced that I accomplished my plans decently well, however not as well as I initially hoped. Due to time constraints, I was not able to add more detail to the background. I have drawn the general shape of every single element of the photo of the shrine, but I could have made it look more realistic. This process went smoother than I thought because I followed the steps that I wrote before I started drawing and made necessary changes as I went on. I could have used more types of patterns to make the code more interesting. Nevertheless, I did not want to overcomplicate the process as debugging for Turtle Art works very slowly. In short, I have accomplished my plans decently well and created a digital replica of the original photo of the Hiroshima Shrine.

## Robotics Reflection

Design and Planning

Back in September, I decided to create a football kinetic structure to commemorate the fun times that I have had during last year’s football season. My model will include a moving footballer, a shooting motion, and a moving ball.

Prototyping

I first created a two-dimension prototype using Scratch. I programmed the sprites to move exactly where it would on the physical kinetic model. The only exception is that the footballer does not move its leg.

I created a 3D model on Fusion 360 thereafter. I found the cutout for the box on the internet, made some necessary edits on Illustrator, and imported the box into Fusion 360 to create a functional 3D model. My 3D model includes a well-constructed box along with the servo cutouts and the servos in place. However, due to time constraints, I went straight into building the physical model. Also, the technological constraints of Fusion 360 forced me to move on to the next stage as I was not able to model many of the microscopic linkages on the platform. I did regret not planning the linkages well on Fusion 360 as it may have been the root cause of the slow progress that I made when building.

Building Process

Before building the physical kinetic model, I created a Gant Chart to plan for the upcoming days to ensure that I would not be falling behind. I initially planned for three lessons of designing my model on Fusion and Adobe Illustrator but I ended up going back numerous times to redesign my model when appropriate. I also planned for two lessons of programming the Arduino. However, that was not feasible as I needed a physical model complete in order to gain an idea of how much each linkage should be moved by. Hence, I immediately proceeded into the laser cutting stage. Due to the long lines, I did not finish cutting all my components until the second last week. I started with my box in early November but the wrong settings that I have inserted into boxes.py forced me to recut with a thinner material. After I came back from my week away, I redesigned the different components, especially the linkages to ensure that it would fit well. For the final two weeks, I spent all class time on assembling the different components. The linkages were able to move. However, it were unable to connect to the moving sprites. I tried to fix the issue by drilling holes into different parts, to test if the movements of the linkages would change. I still was unable to finish by the end of the semester.

Partially Finished Product

My final model consisted of an assembly box with partially functional linkages. Due to time constraints, I was unable to complete the entire model. If I were to do this project again, I will apply all of my learning into this project by working more efficiently. I will first design the model on Illustrator, then design it with functional linkages on Fusion 360. Lastly, I would cut my components as soon as possible in order to make time for building more prototypes. From this long journey, I learned that building prototypes and making mistakes are the most effective methods of improving and ending up with a perfectly functional model. If I created more prototypes, I would not have to make as many calculations of I was clueless about. In conclusion, I really enjoyed this course and did not regret taking it.

## Top 5 Marxist Ideas in “Outliers”

Seizing Opportunity

In the chapter on the Matthew Effect, Gladwell proves that “opportunities are random” (59). “When opportunities come, take it” (61). When he studies the biographies of the roster of the Medicine Hat Tigers ice hockey team, he realizes that all of those Canadian top players were spotted by talent scouts at young ages. Following their recruitment to youth teams, they seize all training opportunities and utilize their individual merit to achieve success.

Timing

He compares the birthdates of successful baseball players to the ones of successful businessmen. He notices that the birthdates of successful figures in modern day society were born at roughly the same time. His studies show that random opportunities relating to current events tend to be seized by those that are successful. Though that timing is a factor beyond one’s reach, it has still been proven to be a factor towards success.

Hard work

The 10,000-hour rule to success has been proven in multiple studies conducted in the previous decade. Such examples include data from a professional youth symphony orchestra. Children who practice eight or more hours a week are usually the ones accepted into professional youth orchestras. With 10,000 hours of practice, anyone would be able to perform their profession discreetly. When Gladwell studies the biography of millionaires, he also discovers that 10,000-hour rule was applied.

In the chapter, the Trouble with Geniuses, Gladwell mentions that a study has been conducted on a number of smart children with high IQ in America. The study was conducted to prove the point that children with the highest IQ, the “Termites would become the elites of their country” (82) in the future; However, the results of the study prove that the claim is highly inaccurate. Intelligence is not a factor in success. Studies have proven that the 10,000-hour rule is more accurate towards achieving success and gaining power in the society.

Origins – Legacy

Gladwell compares the strengths and weaknesses of different ethnicities by analyzing their culture. Strangely, Gladwell discovers that Asians tend to be better at math because of the simpler number system in their language. “American babies would not be able to count until 50 until the age of four whereas Chinese babies are able to do so at the age of three.” (190) Every origin has its own legacy is a specific field and this is often utilized to gain success.

## The Racial Inequality

In the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain explores the idea of the racism that connects to the period of America before and during the Civil War. First of all, Twain uses derogatory nouns to refer to the escaped slave, Jim. Nouns like “n*****” (136), “neg**” (138), and “blackie” (148) are contemptuous terms to refer to a black person. These use of derogatory adjectives show that the black race was looked upon as less superior by white people as every time these terms were only used by white people in the novel including the protagonist Huck. This results in the reader feeling that there is a racial inequality between the whites and blacks. Following this, Twain uses binary oppositions to further enforce the idea of racism. Nouns like “superstition” (20) and “alcohol” (27), “civilized” (22) and “violence” (73) and characters like the “[religious] widow Douglas” (21) and the “[alcoholic] father Pap” (28) are the evident uses of binary oppositions. These use of binary oppositions establish a conflict between different groups of people in the society. Hence, resulting in the reader feeling a sense of inequality. Lastly, Twain uses anomalies to conceive the idea of the black race not fitting into the society and looked upon as usual. Objects like “rats” (349), “snakes” (349), and “spiders” (349) do not fit into the resolution of the novel when Huck and Tom were trying to save Jim. The use of anomalies further establishes the idea that the black race does not fit in usually into the society. In conclusion, Twain uses derogatory nouns, binary oppositions, and anomalies to explore the idea of racism that occurred in America during the period before and during the Civil War.

## Plot Analysis of Fresh off the Boat

In the Episode Coming from America, from the TV show Fresh off the Boat, the director explores Louis’ conflict through the plot of the episode. In the exposition of the episode, the director establishes a major dramatic question: will Louis fall onto the same page with his brother? Upon Louis’ arrival at his brother, Gene’s wedding location, Louis could not believe what he was seeing. Decades ago when their father has given them the opportunity to relocate to America but only one of them could take it, Louis decided to take it. As a result, Louis has always been compassionate for Gene and transferred him large sums of money periodically. During the previous episode, the two brothers have started an unsettled argument which left Louis uninvited to Gene’s wedding. As Gene has taken their mother from America back to Taiwan, Louis was left with the only choice to visit his home. Louis wished that they could leave past and get along with his brother again. However, he struggles to do so. Having seen Gene’s grand wedding location, his beautiful fiancée, and his immense luxurious house, Louis has become stunned and jealous. Louis was internally furious at his brother for letting him leave to America as his brother has achieved a more enjoyable life in Taiwan. Louis regretted his decision. Following this, on Gene’s wedding photo day, Louis decided to reveal his anger towards Gene. As a tradition in Taiwan, relatives write positive messages on paper lanterns and send them to the sky with the belief of having their ancestors aware of the wedding. Instead of writing a positive message, Louis writes, “Wish you a life full of misery” (Khan). As soon as Gene has discovered Louis’ anger towards him, he immediately revoked Louis’ role of being his best man during the wedding ceremony. Subsequently, Gene’ wedding ceremony still commenced without guest speakers. Simultaneously, Jessica, Louis’ wife told Louis that their home has profoundly changed from their idealized memories and Louis has made the right choice leaving to America. She further convinced Louis that they have lived the American dream as the life that they achieved is extraordinary. She whispers to Louis, “No one loves America more than you do” (Khan). Having heard that phrase, Louis has finally been able to overcome his jealousy over Gene’s successful life in Taiwan. Consequently, Louis visited Gene at Gene’s luxurious penthouse and apologized. Louis happily told Gene that he was proud of Gene’s life; finally, the two brothers have arrived on the same page once and forever.

## A Life Defined by Cheques

Reinterpretation of Ordeal by Cheque

Is wealth always able to bring anybody a life filled with joy and remarkable achievements?

Lawrence Exeter Jr. was born in a wealthy family which pampered him throughout his childhood and provided him the opportunity to attend expensive private schools. The Exeter family has never had to go through monetary issues. However, wealth has caused several issues to the family. As the family has been attractive because of their wealth, relationships often did not last long and divorces have been filed. SPOILER ALERT: The major issue that the Exeter family faced was insecurity. Italian mafias were attracted to Lawrence Jr’s wealth and attempted to take him into hostage several times. During their last attempt, Lawrence Jr’s life was spoilt as bullets have driven into his body. He passed in the same place as he was born.

______________________________________________________________

Back in year 1903, Lawrence Exeter and his wife were blessed by the news of an upcoming baby boy. The day before the doctor’s estimated birth date of their baby boy, they visited a mall and purchased all necessary items to pamper their little prince. On September 2nd, Lawrence received a phone call during a business meeting. Immediately, he rushed to the basement with a boom of excitement; then drove his car at the speed of light; dashing through all traffic lights regardless of its indicated color. Their baby was finally presented in Hollywood Hospital; thus instantly given the name Lawrence Exeter Jr.  The newborn child in the Hollywood was well known throughout the neighborhood; words around the neighborhood described him as a “spoiled young prince”. Lawrence Jr. had the rare opportunity to attend the Palisades School for Boys at the age of six; through his elementary years, he was known to every member of the school community of being an awfully smart kid. Additionally, people depended on him as a rock of support for difficult homework problems.

It was year 1915 when Lawrence Jr. decided that the remaining of his school career was unimportant. He excelled every year of school with bright, flashing A-pluses on every report cards. In fact, his principal referred to him as the student with a future computer brain; bumping him up a grade three times during his attendance at the Palisades School. When Lawrence Jr. met the principal with his parents during one typical school day, Lawrence Jr. finally revealed to his principal his plans to join the military academy. The principal has profusely cried; begging him to stay. However, Lawrence Jr. sought to pursue his dream of being the youngest to ever attend the military academy. Months later, on August 25, Lawrence Jr. finally attended the Columbia Military Academy; officially claiming the record of the youngest person to ever attend a military academy. He attended the academy with the passion for serving his prosperous nation.

It was year 1921 when Lawrence Jr. has finally signed to depart from the military academy. After countless days of living under punitive environment as harsh as a volcanic region, Lawrence has decided to move on. With a mere back injury, Lawrence was left with the only option to take a hiatus from intense physical activities. Meanwhile, the spoiled prince has turned eighteen. With the eligibility to attend college and strong connections with the admissions team of Stanford University, Lawrence Sr. paid the tuition fees and secured a spot for his spoiled young prince to attend. A month before attending college, Lawrence Sr. purchased a new flaming, shiny white Cadillac for his son as Stanford University is a long distance away from home. With a new posh car in the garage, the immature Lawrence Jr. has been driving every day to town like a five-year-old child. He was driving at incredibly fast speeds and attempting to drift at every road intersection the same way as done in Hollywood action movies and eventually collided his chariot into an immense street lamp four days after the delivery has been taken. His father furiously contacted the Wilshire Auto Repair Service to get a repair of \$288.76. The mechanics gawked the Lawrence Jr., thinking that he was a lunatic. After Lawrence Jr. left to Stanford, Lawrence Sr.’s house was only left with the couple. Sadly, Mrs. Exeter was called upon by the east coast branches of her company to deliver a long-term training to the employees; thus, relocating to the east coast for several years. As a result, Lawrence Sr. became a lone wolf in an enormous Hollywood mansion. With an impressive wealth, Lawrence Sr. was known to be an impressive icon; women of all ages were attracted to him. With the frequent appearance of Daisy Windsor, Lawrence Sr. became attracted to her and transferred large sums of money to her account. Together, they embarked on a holiday in Europe where they were known by the locals to be uncivilized moguls; purchasing every visible luxury good; collecting huge sums of cash in French banks; and showing off to the public. With a poor reputation in Europe, they were left with the only choice of returning back to America; additionally, vowing to marry his new partner. Upon their arrival in America, Lawrence Sr. closed a deal of \$56,000 on a new mansion in the Riviera Heights and spent \$22,000 on interior decoration.

During the year 1926, few months before Lawrence Sr.’s wedding with Daisy, Lawrence Sr. purchased high-quality rings at the Beverly Diamond & Gift Shoppe. Immediately after their wedding, the couple once again embarked on a vacation. This time, it was their honeymoon trip to Hawaii. As Lawrence Jr. discovered the mess in his family, he went to his father holding his fists and roared at his father like a tiger with a furious look. He demanded his father to divorce his new step-mother. However, Lawrence Sr. used several other ways to calm his fuming son; Lawrence Sr. transferred a sum of \$200,000 to his son to keep quiet about his incident with the expectation of wisely using the money. Lawrence Jr. promised to be quiet about his new step-mother, but he did not follow his father’s expectations. After a few years of working in a prestigious corporation, Lawrence Jr.’s reputation has profusely improved. With an impressive wealth and reputation, Lawrence Jr. once again spoiled himself and started flirting with countless women. Before his wedding, he spent a total of \$2,637; trying to find the perfect gown for his bride.

In year 1929, when Lawrence Jr. made incredible achievements in the business empire, his popularity increased within the west coast region. Italian gangs became interested in kidnapping him. During one unfortunate week, Lawrence Jr. was kidnapped by Tony Spagoni twice and was forced to pay a ransom fee of \$252 in total. However, this was not the most unfortunate incident that has occurred to Lawrence Jr. In the year 1930, an unstable dispute arose between Lawrence Jr. and his wife; thus, causing Lawrence Jr. to file a divorce on his wife. This resulted in Lawrence Jr. paying immense amounts of money to the Wally & Smith Attorneys at Law and his wife.

While living a miserable life after the tragic divorce, Lawrence Jr. felt that his life was soon destined to death. It was year 1931, when the Italian mafias in California viewed Lawrence Jr.’s misery as an advantage. As the Italian gang was going through a financial crisis, their revenue skydived to the bottom of the sea. They viewed Lawrence Jr. as an opportunity to make the gang great again; thus, sending off Tony Spagoni to invite Lawrence Jr. to join the gang. Nevertheless, Lawrence Jr. declined the offer. The anger grey in Tony’s veins; while desperately needing money, he pointed a blade at Lawrence Jr.’s neck, demanding him to pay a ransom fee of \$100. During the next day, Lawrence Jr. once again accidentally ran into Tony Spagoni; paying another ransom fee of \$100. With the mafia leader under great anger, he decided to set the scene on June 3rd. During the 3rd of June, Peter Ventizzi smashed the windshield of Lawrence Jr.’s Cadillac and forcefully dragged him into a dark van. Upon their arrival at an obscure alley, Lawrence Jr. was then kindly slapped on the face and dragged onto the floor. This time, Peter demanded a ransom fee of \$20,000. Lawrence Jr. softly mumbled words of distress, seeking help. The furious Peter shot him and took all remaining cash from his wallet.

With Lawrence Jr’s insurance company alerting Lawrence Sr. on this tragic event, Lawrence Sr. rushed to the garage with a sense of anxiety; raced his car at the speed of light; dashing through all traffic lights regardless of its indicated color. He picked up his son and raced his way to the emergency center of the Hollywood Hospital. Lawrence Sr. raged through the registration areas and brought his son back to Dr. David McCoy. With incredible efforts trying to relive Lawrence Jr., Dr. McCoy was skeptical of being able to save Lawrence Jr. Dr. McCoy eventually looked away with tears. Lawrence thanked the doctor and paid him his cheque.

## Third Person’s Reinterpretation of the Tell Tale Heart

In fictional literature, the point of view is significantly important as it manipulates the understanding of a reader. In my reinterpretation of the short story, the “Tell-Tale Heart” written by Edgar Allen Poe, I have changed the point of view into a third person omniscient. The changes that I have made will result in the reader in having a wider understanding of the story. Not only that my third person narration has mentioned more on the madman’s thoughts, it also briefly described how others thought of the madman. Therefore, making it clear that the reinterpreted version is told through the eyes of a godlike spirit observing everything that was going on.

It is impossible to say how the first idea entered his brain; but once conceived, it haunted him day and night. He screamed from morning to dawn. People from the neighborhood gazed at him furiously through his misty window. Object there was none. Passion there was none. He loved the old man. The old man’s image of dismal hovered his mind during any given moment. The old man had never wronged him. The old man had never given him insult. For the old man’s gold, he had no desire. He thinks it was the old man’s eye! yes, it was this! The old man had the eye of a vulture –a pale blue eye, with a film over it. Whenever it fell upon him, his blood ran cold; and so by degrees – until the fire in his brain melts his icy blood –very gradually –He made up his mind to take the life of the old man, and thus rid himself of the eye forever. Nothing was more important to him than the old man. Nobody in the neighborhood was known to be more furious than him. Nobody has been so attentive about the old man ever before. The old man once again gawked at him with an exasperated yawn thinking of his wrathful mind.

## Hope vs. Home

Is it worth it to leave everything behind and move on for a better life? The novel, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part Time Indian, written by Sherman Alexie creates a setting that affects Junior to be a round character who wants change.

Life on the Spokane Indian Reservation was extremely unfortunate. The poverty in the reservation led Junior to believe that “We are just poor. Indians are losers. Drunk, retard, miserable.” (Alexie) This shows that Junior has a negative mindset which led him to have a low self-confidence. He was unable to think positively about his minority’s race. Words like “heat flooded”, “volcano crazy hot”, “poor-ass” and “miserable” further portrayed the poverty and disarray in the reservation. This poor reservation literally left Junior with no opportunity to develop himself towards his passion. Even though that Junior is not satisfied with his life on the reservation, he does not blame his parents for this life: “I can’t blame my parents. Dreamed about something other than poor.” Instead of blaming his parents for this miserable life, he blamed his reservation. Back in the reservation, the author wrote, “dang books at least thirty years older than I was. Nothing I could do. White people kill culture.” right after Junior saw his mother’s name written in the textbook. This shows that the reservation was indeed unable to provide Junior a good education and transform him into a positive person. Despite the fact that Junior was a character with a negative mindset, he is willing to do anything for the betterment of himself: “I must go. More hope the further you walk away. Reardan.” Reardan was a white community. That only indicates that the living condition and education is better. Departing to Reardan was an immense sacrifice as Junior stated “Forget all your friends, all your bullies, a world built for winners. I’ll find hope.” Leaving the reservation would result in losing all his friends and his favorite memories. Since Reardan was a white populated community, it was highly improbable that Junior would become an esteemed learner. This quote clearly established Junior’s determination and how he was willing to pay this colossal opportunity cost for a better future. In conclusion, the poor living condition in the Spokane Indian Reservation has characterized Junior as a round character who was both negative and determined.

## A Totalitarian Superpower

In the society of Oceania, thoughts were restricted. Patriotism was obligatory. Romantic relationships were forbidden. Under those dreadful living conditions, the protagonist of Nineteen Eighty-Four written by George Orwell, Winston Smith was faced with a conflict against the Party. After receiving a love letter from a girl who he believed was a member of the thought police, Winston became unable to resist his emotions. Although he knew that romantic relationships were illegal, he still dared to keep journal entries on his romantic relationships and his rebellious opinions about the Party. “In those old days, he thought, a man looked at a girl and thought it was desirable, and that was the end of the story. But you could not have pure love or pure lust nowadays. No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred. Their embrace had been a battle, the climax was a victory. It was a blow struck against the Party. It was a political act.”  (133) Winston was extremely unsatisfied with the government’s decisions. All he wanted was to have a legal relationship with Julia. However, the government prohibited those relationships as they thought their decisions would be ideal for a better future. In addition, Winston thought that the best he could do was to rebel the government which he has developed a deep heartfelt hatred for. “Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.” (Orwell, 99). Due to the amount of oppression given by the Party, Winston often spent his abundant free time on thinking of ways to rebel the government.

The trailer shown above was created to demonstrate the conflict of Nineteen Eighty-Four written. This trailer was created using Final Cut Pro X. Due to the fact that Nineteen Eighty-Four has a dark setting and conflict Winston faced was dreadful, a dark colored theme was selected for this trailer video. Additionally, I used the color red while displaying Winston’s dialogues to express his hatred for the Party. Likewise, a music with the mood of suspense was played in the background because Winston felt oppressive throughout the rising action and climax of the story as Big Brother was always watching him.

Citations

“Project Guidelines & Restrictions.” Springville Eagle Scouts. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 June 2017. <http://eagle.springvillescouts.org/important-guidelines-restrictions/>.

“Romantic Relationship and Work.” Majhe Varhad. N.p., 14 July 2016. Web. 08 June 2017. <http://www.majhevarhad.in/discovery-science/romantic-relationship-and-work/>.

Smith, Modern Winston. “Modern Winston Smith (@ModernWinston).” Twitter. Twitter, 01 Feb. 2017. Web. 08 June 2017. <https://twitter.com/modernwinston>.

Noble, Barnes &. “Basic Black Lined Journal 5.” Barnes & Noble. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 June 2017. <https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/home-gift-basic-black-lined-journal-5-x-8/26454278>.

“The Power of Protest.” Odyssey. N.p., 11 Jan. 2016. Web. 08 June 2017. <https://www.theodysseyonline.com/the-power-of-protest>.

“The 10 Best Movies Set in a ‘1984’ Society.” Taste of Cinema – Movie Reviews and Classic Movie Lists. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 June 2017. <http://www.tasteofcinema.com/2016/the-10-best-movies-set-in-a-1984-society/>.