Category Archives: English

ADH Pre-reading inquiry task

A Doll’s House

Pre-reading inquiry task

 

Complete the answers to Topics 1-5 in one document and post it to your learner portfolio padlet.

 

Topic 1: Henrik Ibsen

– Find an image of Ibsen.

https://www.google.com.hk/search?q=henrik+ibsen&newwindow=1&tbm=isch&sxsrf=APq-WBv4ANc_D-KSVpl2Jp8yEZdNfzi3Ng:1646837023092&source=lnms&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiHsI7-obn2AhVnF6YKHY-hDeIQ_AUoAnoECAEQBA#imgrc=au0qrCIYOXJaKM

 

– Find some information about his upbringing and education.

Norwegian playwright and theatre director

 

– Describe the three phases of his dramatic works.

“The productive life of Ibsen is conveniently divided into three periods: the first ending in 1877 with the successful appearance of The Pillars of Society; the second covering the years in which he wrote most of the dramas of protest against social conditions, such as Ghosts; and the third marked by the symbolic plays”

(https://www.theatredatabase.com/19th_century/henrik_ibsen_001.html#:~:text=The%20productive%20life%20of%20Ibsen,marked%20by%20the%20symbolic%20plays%2C)

 

– Explain why he is considered the pioneer of modern drama.

Ibsen rose to prominence in large part because of his refusal to follow the rules of theatre at the time.

 

– Explain two literary elements in which he is known to excel and the major theme of most of his plays.

Peer Gynt (1867) A Doll’s House (1879) Ghosts (1881) An Enemy of the People (1882) The Wild Duck (1884) Rosmersholm (1886) Hedda Gabler (1890)

 

Topic 2: Norway

– Find and include a map of Norway and its location in Europe.

 

 

– Describe Norway’s climate.

“Western Norway has a marine climate, with comparatively cool summers, mild winters, and nearly 90 inches (2,250 mm) of mean annual precipitation. Eastern Norway, sheltered by the mountains, has an inland climate with warm summers, cold winters, and less than 30 inches (760 mm) of mean annual precipitation.”

( https://www.britannica.com/place/Norway/Climate#:~:text=Western%20Norway%20has%20a%20marine,mm)%20of%20mean%20annual%20precipitation.)

 

– Briefly explain Norway’s government and economy.

Parliamentary system, unitary state, constitutional monarchy

Socialist and capitalist mixed economy

 

– Include information about Norway’s traditional culture.

“Norwegians tend to have a strong sense of history and civic engagement and on special occasions, many Norwegians wearing traditional clothing, or bunad. In Norwegian culture, some of the most important values are tolerance, respect and equality.” https://www.afsusa.org/countries/norway/#:~:text=Norwegians%20tend%20to%20have%20a,are%20tolerance%2C%20respect%20and%20equality.

 

 

 

Topic 3: Gender Roles and Social Classes in the Victorian Era

– List the years included in the Victorian Era.

“An Introduction to Victorian England (1837–1901) Queen Victoria ruled Britain for over 60 years. During this long reign, the country acquired unprecedented power and wealth.”

https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/learn/story-of-england/victorian/#:~:text=An%20Introduction%20to%20Victorian%20England%20(1837%E2%80%931901),acquired%20unprecedented%20power%20and%20wealth.

 

– Discuss whether society was patriarchal or matriarchal and why.

Matriarchal – women led most of the society.

 

– Describe the characteristics of the “ideal woman.”

Honest, perfect

 

– Explain the societal expectations of each of the following people:

– upper-middle-class woman and man: elegant, rich, well educated

– working-class woman and man: work, do all the jobs,

– a suffragette: honest, fair, justice>

 

– Briefly explain how the nineteenth-century feminist movement differs from modern feminism.

19th century only started feminist movements and the voting system changed for women.

 

Topic 4: Marriage in the Victorian Era

– Explain whether or not it was a romantic bond or economic institution and why.

Economic institution, “Marriage was seen to encourage social stability and moral behaviour, and allowed secure transfer of property within a family.”

 

– Describe the expectations and responsibilities of women and men.

Women: family orientated,

Men: to make money

 

– Find and include any publications with instructions on how to be a good wife or husband.

https://www.mimimatthews.com/2015/11/01/19th-century-marriage-manuals-advice-for-young-wives/

 

– Explain if the structure or responsibilities within marriage differed according to social class and how.

Working partnership

 

 

Topic 5: Realism

– Define the term and describe the characteristics of “theatrical realism.”

Theatrical realism is the focus on real life. Reflects normal life.

 

– Briefly describe some nineteenth-century social, economic, and political influences that may have led to the birth of theatrical realism/modern theater.

Theater improvements in the second half of the 19th century encouraged middle – and upper-class audiences to attend plays, and crowds became quieter, more refined, and less likely to disrupt performances.

https://content.lib.washington.edu/19thcenturyactorsweb/essay.html

– List the theatrical elements of theatrical realism.

“The décor, the costumes, language, subject matter (social problems –poverty, social ills), relationships etc., have to be true reflections of contemporary life. ”

https://acikders.ankara.edu.tr/mod/resource/view.php?id=13938#:~:text=CHARACTERISTICS%20OF%20REALIST%20DRAMA,represent%20their%20own%20contemporary%20society.

 

– Include some titles and photos from plays that are considered “realist.”

 

 

Include your list of resources in case you have to go back and refer to them again.

Read the following articles:

 

A Doll’s House Introduction”

 

“Why A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsent is more relevant than ever”

 

“How Ibsen’s A Doll’s House Helped Invent Feminism a Century Ago”

 

“The Marrying Kind”

 

 

 

Hero analysis

The movie Hero originated on a historical event in China during 221 BC, before Emperor Qin first unified China. At that time, Qin had to annihilate the other six countries, Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan, and Qi, to unify China. Wu Ming (Nameless), the main character, is an assassin from Qi and wants revenge on Emperor Qin. In the movie Hero, directed by Zhang Yimou, the color scheme, camera lighting, and shot angles intrigue the idea that power can impact others to change beliefs and establish peace and harmony.

Overall, the whole movie is mainly separated into six parts by different colors, and each color represents a perspective of what happened and the narration of the story. In the last section of this movie, from 1:18:15-1:21:31, Zhang mainly utilizes black to portray each character’s absolute powers in the Qin palace. The Qin army represents absolute power, Emperor Qin for fundamental rights and authority, and Wu Ming for presided over the death of the King of Qin. The director uses black in this scene to tell us that the power of an individual can persuade us to believe in others and forget the revenge to achieve harmony between people. Wu Ming did not kill Emperor Qin because when he was standing in front of Qin, he realized his hatred seemed insignificant compared to the peace of all. The use of black in this scene has sublimated the theme, and the beliefs of Wu Ming influenced him to not assassin emperor Qin.

The lighting in this section is dim because the director wants to prominent the contradictions between the two opposite identities of Wu Ming and Emperor Qin. But also, the direct lighting on Wu Ming’s face shows his inner conflict: kill or not to kill.

The director utilizes a low shot and centered angle on filming the emperor of Qin; this represents the power and authority of Qin. To believe he is a trustworthy leader that can lead to “天下太平” (peace in all).

Moreover, Zhang uses close-up angles to contrast the conflicts of characters. In this shot, it is a very close-up angle on the sword of Wu Ming, and in this sword, it symbolizes the harmony of the citizens and the inner conflict of justice in his heart. Wu Ming knows if he killed Emperor Qin, then war would happen between different states, and China would never be unified, so he chose to believe in Qin and be shoot by the Qin army.

Propaganda Poster Rationale

 

This is a propaganda poster created by Angela, and the primary target audience is the residents that live in the People’s Republic of Angel-land. This is made because Angela wants to get votes from the people so she can be president. Through the use of bold primary colors of red and yellow emphasize the ambition for Angela (me) to become president. Also, the eye-catching use of red color is a symbol of power and strength. I used a yellow circle behind my picture because this represents a halo. Therefore committing a sense of pathos to this poster because I am establishing a feeling of “god” in people’s minds. In this propaganda poster, the image I utilized is me having my left hand holding to the sky and showing victory to the people.

Meanwhile, establishing an authoritative and solemn image into people’s hearts, so they can vote for me. I also employed a big, bold black lettering that said “VOTE ANGELA FOR PRESIDENT” to attract people’s attention to this poster. By using short brainwashing, language is a success to my propaganda poster.