“Truth, in metaphysics and the philosophy of language, the property of sentences, assertions, beliefs, thoughts, or propositions that are said, in ordinary discourse, to agree with the facts or to state what is the case” (Blackburn). Different individuals have different ways of knowing, which are they use in their understanding of reality. To answer the question, truth is an objective reality; it corresponds to facts. The ways of knowing, including language, sense perception, emotion, reason, imagination, intuition, memory, and faith, allow us to obtain knowledge and therefore understand truth.
Perception and reason are the two ways of knowing which justifiably allow us to understand objective truth. Sense perception is how we use our five senses: sight, taste, touch, smell, and hearing to experience the object world around us. It gives us the truth most literally. If someone were to see this image or experiencing this image in reality, there is no denying that there is a tree in front of them.
Reason allows us to obtain knowledge through logic and deduction and understand the truth that is unable to be obtained only through the perception of physical reality. As long as the reasoning deducted is based on aligns with reality, the truth inferred will generally also be true. Mathematical reasoning is a primary example of how logic is used to formulate the truth.
“Mathematical reasoning is the critical skill that enables a student to make use of all other mathematical skills. With the development of mathematical reasoning, students recognize that mathematics makes sense and can be understood. They learn how to evaluate situations, select problem-solving strategies, draw logical conclusions, develop and describe solutions, and recognize how those solutions can be applied. Mathematical reasoners are able to reflect on solutions to problems and determine whether or not they make sense. They appreciate the pervasive use and power of reasoning as a part of mathematics” (Resnick).
Lauren Resnick stated that reasoning determines the solution of a problem, and we know the solution is true if the method is correct.
However, some may argue that perception and reasoning only lead to objective truth; one may live in an imaginary reality of their own. Therefore, their perception and reasoning of certain subjects differ from reality. This can occur due to false education, religion, manipulation, and several other possibilities. The Flat Earth Society is an example of how people have formulated a truth based on their perception, reasoning, and other WOKs. Meaning objective truth does not necessarily exist; it is assumed to exist in my argument. Truth should not be determined through bare assumptions and people’s imagination; the determination of truth should be through proven knowledge.
In conclusion, some may believe the truth entirely is based on one’s understanding of reality. Instead of using logic, WOKs such as imagination and faith create a false sense of truth and cause the uncertainty of the person’s belief to be much higher. Perception and reasoning enable us to understand the objective truth aligned with reality, which is the truth we want to understand more about our world.
Blackburn, Simon W. “Truth.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 27 Apr. 2020, www.britannica.com/topic/truth-philosophy-and-logic.
Resnick, Lauren. Education and Learning to Think. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1987.