The results I got from the political test was surprising, to say the least, I have never thought of myself as a totalitarian, I dont know what i was placed in such an awkward position on the Nolan chart but again my lack of knowleage for political terms may also be the reason why i am surprised.


I’m not as surprised about this test as i was for the previous Nolan test, but i am very surprised that i was placed so middle the wether or not Im left or right wing. Personally, i dont think the result of this test is very consistent and always reflect whether or not the test taker stands politically. Nonetheless, i think this problem could be fixed if the website included more choices for problem(not just 3)

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Gordan Park Analysis- Exploring the power of photography






Aimed toward depicting the unfiltered truth behind the lives lived in poverty and segregation, Gordan Parks, a proclaimed African American photographer most influential for his work on civil rights and poverty, published his photo journal “A Harlem Family” during the year 1968. By imaginatively utilizing photography techniques like composition, lighting, and camera angles in his photograph “Bessie Fontenelle and Richard climbs the stairs,” Parks efficaciously illustrates the hardship of African Americans living under oppression and segregation.


Purposefully using a high angle to take the photograph, Parks establishes minimal power in the subject for the audience to feel compassionate for the adversities African Americans face living in a society where they are powerless. In the photograph, the subjects Bessie Fontenelle and her baby are walking upstairs while Parks captures this moment, placing his camera from a higher location than the subject.A high angle is used in photography and film to show weakness and the lack of power of subjects in situations. In this photograph, this technique is extremely effective because it achieves Park’s intentions of making the two subjects look vulnerable. By doing so, Parks uses the image of Bessie and her children as an illustration for the hundred of thousands of African-American mothers living through hardship caused by oppression. The effect of this technique on the audience is that by seeing the mother and her child as weak and vulnerable, the viewer will feel sympathetic for people just like them and thus gain insight into the true life of African-Americans in the country.


After utilizing camera angles to show vulnerability in the subject, Parks uses composition, mainly in the form of lines, to reinforce the hardship of African Americans living in a segregated society. In the photograph, the most prominent line is also one of the first things the viewer notices- the sharp line created by the black and white portions of the wall. This line not only leads the eyes of the viewer towards the subject but, in this case, also serves as a symbol for the social divide between the blacks and whites in America. Furthermore, the black and white color composition creates a melancholy mood in the viewer, making the viewer view the photograph in a more serious and thoughtful manner. The further enhances the symbol created by the line on the wall and altogether contributes to the overall emotional response evoked from the viewer.


Finally, Parks further enhances the strength of the photograph by using top-down lighting to clearly contrast the different areas of the photograph, done to be a metaphor for the social stratification at the time. In the photograph, the light source shines onto the top floor but not far enough to reach the bottom floor. The mother and child are shown to be climbing up the stairs but is still relatively far from the top floor where the light is shining from. This serves as a metaphor for the long-going journey of African- Americans attempting to reach equal rights as white people in the US, where In this case, it is symbolized by the walk from the pitch dark basement to where the light, usually a symbol for hope and freedom, is shone.


In conclusion, Parks successfully sheds light on the lives lived under oppression and segregation in “Bessie Fontenelle, and Richard climbs the stairs” by artistically employing photography techniques like camera angles, composition, and lighting.

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my ability to read and analyze text has improved dramatically because of the IO that I did for ABC, it was the first time I prepared for the IO which is greatly helpful for me in the future. Furthermore, my ability to analyze nonliterary text has also improved greatly because of the studies we did on Malcolm X. Personally, i look forward to learning about Kendrick Lamar’s raps as i am very interested in rap and I’m glad that we get the chance to study him in this course

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baby oral reflection

the global issue i focused on was the representation of cultural stereotypes

The text I did was American born Chinese by Gene Luen Yung and the extract i chose was page 116 to 118

The main technique I chose to analyze was a caricature and how through the use of juxtaposition, hyperbole, and intertextuality, the author enhanced the effect of caricature.

What I felt confident about my oral was that my delivery was clear and succinct. Other than that, I feel like I covered a variety of techniques that were used by the author.

i can still improve on going deeper into my analysis and making sure i think more about the question asked before i answer them.

To improve for the next oral I will make sure to practice more with attention to time so that i can be more aware of the time.

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What do these songs seem to be about?

It seems to be about his struggles growing up in the black community. But there are also romantic songs like love that is more soft.

What makes these songs unique?

Instead of mubble rap that is popular these days, Lamer is surprisingly poetic

What are some techniques that you notice recurring in the music?

The switches in his flow and delivery, using sound tracks from news

Which song do you like the best, and why?

I like DNA, Feel, PRIDE, and LOVE.  because the message he is trying to send with these songs are clear and meaningful ( from his own experience).

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“The Last Shot” – a comic strip


To illustrate my unforgettable memories of the first finals game I played as a freshman in high school, “The Last Shot” summarizes the dramatic final seconds of a game I will never be able to forget.

Before I even started on the drawing phase, I knew that in order to make these few seconds of plot intriguing and entertaining to the reader I must make it dramatic. To do this, I decided that I want to have the perspective constantly change throughout each scene, a technique similar to changing the angle of the shots in films. This is why in the first scene the characters are seen from afar, then in the second scene, it changes to show a much closer point of view. Other than making the comic more dynamic and intriguing to the readers, I also heavily utilized this technique to show my own courage for choosing to take the last shot. The transition from a wide-angle showing multiple characters to scene two where the point of perspective shifts to only showing myself demonstrates this because after I made the decision to take the final shot, I felt a sense of isolation and responsibility as the game rested upon my shoulders. Furthermore, to reinforce this sense of isolation and bravery in scene three I added other characters facing the opposite to the main character who tells the main character that he can’t pull this off, this alludes to the “challenge “phase “of “the hero’s journey”,  and these characters serve as obstacles that the main character has to face. This is further reinforced by using facial expressions in my teammates looking surprised, which allows the reader to form an emotional connection and place themselves in my shoes. Facial expressions are uniquely powerful because it allows the reader to comprehend the pressure I faced from my teammates. Finally, onomatopoeia is used in the last scene to show an open-ended ending of the story. I wanted the story to be up to interpretation because in that way the audience can understand the message I was trying to send with this comic strip which is that the result doesn’t matter but it is the bravery for taking on a challenge that is truly meaningful


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On ways of knowing

David Ng
Dr. Maloney
October 20, 2020
Are there any ways of knowing that are better than others at leading to the truth?

Have you ever taken a second and wondered why does 1+1 = 2, or why you know when to laugh or cry during a movie? It is common sense that when we were born, we started out not knowing anything except from the most fundamental skills of survival. It is later in life when we progressively acquire knowledge from the world around us; when speaking of ways of acquiring knowledge most people instantly relate knowledge to school, a very common false perception that people tend to share : the idea that we most of our knowledge are acquired from textbooks and teachers. However, ways of knowing are far vaster than simply that. These ways of knowing can be categorized as 8 major components: language, sense perception, emotion, reason/logic, imagination, intuition, memory, and faith/ religion. To explain why I believe logic and reasoning is the most effective way of knowing at finding the truth, I will show how the advantages of logic outweighs the disadvantage of it, and how it ultimately is best at leading towards the truth.

Logic is the most effective way of knowing at leading to the truth because it is completely objective and free of personal feelings and prejudice. Humans are extremely perceptual, which is why we might tend to rely on sense perception and memory as it “feels” more real to us while number and graphs might be more abstract and therefore harder to understand. However, our preference and reliance on perceptuality is what causes dispute, illusions, and conflicts. When it comes to logic however, perceptuality no longer plays a role and that allows us to investigate the world with complete rationality and a leaves a clear process of how we arrived at the conclusion. An example of this can be how we know the shape of the earth. If it wasn’t for scientific experiments proving that the earth is a sphere, we will never be able to discover that fact through our own senses as they lead us to think that it is actually flat. Furthermore, even if, through ways of knowing like imagination, which could possibly lead us to think that the earth is a sphere, there are no concrete evidences that supports the claim, and eventually the claim becomes less strong. Conversely, this is the strong suit of using logic to make claims, as with quantifiable evidences, claims that are made rarely ever is debated upon and is the biggest reason why scientific facts like the earth is round are considered as a universal truth.

The flaw with purely relying on logic as a way of knowing is that it is simply impossible for humans. This the fundamental difference between how a computer thinks and how a human think, while computers processes information and executes its task, its decisions are completely free of emotions and it performs what it is told to do. Humans are far more complicated and uncertain, and when we make decisions sometimes emotion overrides us to do something that is completely irrational. An example of this can be two people fighting because of an argument, although both people know the consequences of doing so outweighs the benefits, they are override by anger and ends up still doing it. Furthermore, because of our reliance on science to understand the world around us, if one fact is proven to be wrong, a lot of our knowledge of the world around us will also collapse.
In conclusion, although logic is best at finding the truth because its free of human emotions and uses clear evidences to prove the claim’s credibility, in reality it is impossible for a human to think completely logically. Therefore, I believe that a combination of logic, imagination, and emotion will be the best at arriving to the truth, this is because as humans our emotions are inevitable and a when humans combines subjective and objective thinking with a touch of imagination, we’ve reached far into the universe without ever stepping out of it.

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To live scene analysis

Widely regarded as one of Zhang Yimou’s greatest films, “To live”- which surrounds the story of a Chinese family’s experiences through communist China- is not only a more-than-successful adaption from the original book but more importantly, an opened door that sheds light through the darkroom of communist China. To achieve the purpose of praising the extent of human resilience, in his 1994 movie “to live,” Zhang effectively utilizes film techniques like Non-diegetic sounds, lighting, and extreme long shots.

By evoking the feeling of melancholy in the audience through non-diegetic sounds appearing throughout the movie, Zhang reinforces the incredible amount of hardship the family goes through and how they remained resilient. When Chun Sheng is about to leave Fugui and JiaZhens’ house after saying his farewells to them, the high-pitch music played throughout the movie reappears. The instrument used to play this song is called “Suo Na 唢呐,” a traditional Chinese instrument that is known for its vibrant and long-lasting sound and is also traditionally played at funerals. Because of its saddening tone, the director uses this sound motif throughout the film to symbolize the tragic fate of the family. In this case, the track plays when Jia Zhen finally forgives Chun Sheng, which would make the audience feel relieved, but instead, the director plays the sound, so the audience once again feels sorrowful. As the audience’s emotions follow along with the family’s during their ups and downs, the family’s toughness despite incredible hardships demonstrates the director’s belief in the power of human resilience.

Besides using non-diegetic sounds to evoke sadness in the audience, Zhang also uses lighting to achieve the same purpose- illustrating the power of human resilience. When Fugui and Chunsheng have their conversation outside of the house, the red light shines through the house’s window and illuminates one side of their faces similar to a puppet show set. This scene’s lighting is parallel to the puppet show scenes earlier in the movie before all the drama and uncertainty both puppet-show performer went through. This scene not only serves as a perfect metaphor that these two character’s fates are hung on a string and are dramatic like a puppet show, but it is also ironic that although Fugui and Chunsheng were all puppet show performers, their fates are no in their control at all. Once again, Zhang does this to reinforce how, although Fugui and Chunsheng’s lives were uncertain, they still managed to maintain hopeful, showing the strength of resilience.

After evoking melancholic feelings in the audience through the use of non-diegetic sounds and lighting, Zhang contrasts this by showing how the characters remained optimistic using an extreme long shot. After Chunsheng leaves the house, the camera angle shows him walking towards a bright light source while Jia Zhen tells Chunsheng to live on. This allusion to the phrase “the light at the end of the tunnel” acts as a metaphor for the characters’ hope for the future. The effect of showing the characters’ will to live on even after extreme hardship they faced on the audience is to make them further realize the unmeasurable power of human resilience


In conclusion, through the careful utilization of filmic techniques like non-diegetic sounds, lighting, and extreme long shots, Zhang achieves his intended purpose of demonstrating the unmeasurable power of human resilience in his film “To live.”

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propoganda poster

To persuade students in high school to vote for me in the upcoming Stuco election, I have utilized rhetorical techniques like diction, repetition, and an appeal to ethos in my propaganda poster.

The use of diction, by using the pronoun “we:, helps to establish an illusion that other students are also voting for me. The phrase ” WE WILL VOTE FOR” provokes the natural sense of unity and dependency in the viewer, who may feel pressured to decline the choice to vote as it is “what everyone else is doing”.


By stating my former experiences working in STUCO, I appealed to ethos by building authority. Doing this, I showed how because I have more experience working in similar roles than my opponents, I should be trusted more and therefore be the optimal candidate to vote for.


Apart from using diction and an appeal to ethos to convince students to vote for me, I also used repetition- in the form of rhyming- to further establish a trustworthy image. At the bottom of the poster, I added three short and concise words that describe my goals as a member of the student community, ” initiative, attentive, creative”. My choice to select these three words was because I wanted the viewer to have a message that is easily memorizable. By creating a rhyme scheme with straight-forward words, not only can the message be easily understood but the message will also be more memorizable.


Inconclusion, I tried to maximize the chance for students to vote for me by incorporating rhetorical techniques like diction, rhyme, and an appeal to ethos in my propaganda poster.

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blog# 3

I used the styrofoam board and cut out 4 pieces in the same shape and stuck them together then I used the wooden chopsticks to attach the PVC pipe onto my boat. I found it very challenging to drill the perfect size of the hole for the sticks to fit it. Another challenge for today was attaching the cork to the PVC pipe.

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