Are some ways of knowing more likely than others to lead to truth?
To answer the question at hand, we must first understand the term “truth.” There are 2 different types of truth: subjective and objective. However, the term is defined as the fact or reality to an individual.
The idea of “truth” can be very widely interpreted. In the scenario of objective truth, the truth is achieved without bias, without the factor of emotions. These truths are able to be proven, primely demonstrated in math. Can you really argue against math? No, because it is a given fact that these theories and equations have long been proven by mathematicians and taught to us through textbooks. It is a common language used by everyone to communicate the numerical values, and will forever follow the same rules. Because objective truths require no emotions to arrive at, logic/reasoning would be the best way of knowing. Only through reasoning, can we really come to the conclusion of an equation, step by step. Though most humans are perceptual beings, reasoning allows us to understand much more abstract ideas and concepts.
However, when we are dealing with subjective truths, other ways of knowing such as emotion, religion/faith, and intuition are much more effective in arriving at the “truth.” A subject truth is based on one’s personal perspective, feeling,s, or opinions. Using this definition, we can safely assume that everything we know, is all subjective. Emotion and faith/religion both depend heavily on what was previously experienced. If emotion were to be used, you would likely be arriving at truth through impulse, acting without thinking the entire situation through. In the example of religion and faith, this way of knowing solely relies on your experiences, as religion is not concrete but rather an ideology. All of these ways of knowing are limited in proof; it cannot be proven through deductive reasoning and concrete facts, rather your own experiences, causing variation from person to person.
In conclusion, is there really a way of knowing that arrives at the truth? I would say yes. Having said that, the situation in which a way of knowing is applied is extremely important. This will affect the way you define truth whether it be objective or subjective. Given the example above, reason would be the way of knowing that would arrive at an objective truth, while Emotion and faith/religion would be the best way of knowing, to come to subjective truth.