To answer the question of some ways of knowing more likely than others to lead to truth, we need first define the word truth. The truth could be defined as “a fact or belief that is accepted as true.” Ways of knowing are what the thing sounds like, which could be defined as how knowledge appears to us. Therefore, the reasoning could be more lead to truth than other ways of knowing.
The reasoning could help build a logical thought or deduce that doesn’t rely on our commend sense or intuition. Also, reasoning allows us to combine what we have learned with the new thing we learned in our thinking process. For example, suppose you are sitting inside, but you will go out soon, and you see the sky outside through the window is cloudy, and there are many dark clouds. It can be inferred from this that it will rain soon, so you’d better take an umbrella with you when you go out. Therefore, when people use a logical way to deduce stuff, it may be more likely to lead to truth than other forms. Also, from the example, we can infer if we use an institution to judge whether it will rain or not, the institution may tell people that the clouds may clear away soon, so you don’t need an umbrella. Thus, people may get wet when they in outdoor.
However, some people may also think reasoning can’t be a way more likely to lead to truth, since, when people use reasoning as a way of knowing, people need to take it carefully, or else, the whole logical thoughts may go wrong. For example, if you are sitting inside but you will go outdoor soon, you can only see a little bit of sky since the opposite building obscures the window’s view. Thus, you only know some sunlight coming through the clouds and decide it’s not going to rain today. However, because you conclude without view the whole picture, it may lead to you the wrong truth. Although this kind of circumstances may occur in the process of knowing, it’s a sporadic occurrence, and it can be avoided if you take it carefully.
As a result, the reasoning is one way of knowing that more likely to lead to truth than other methods, by logical thinking and synthesis of the knowledge you have learned before and the experience you currently learn.