# 8th Grade Math Catapult Project

This project took place during our study of quadratics. It was originally intended to be a chance for us to apply what we have learned to a real life problem. In this project we teamed up in groups of two to build our very own catapults. The goal for our catapult was to launch a table tennis ball consistently a set distance. After the catapult was built and we had found out the consistent distance of firing, we put the catapult to the test of hitting certain targets.

During this project we fully expressed the design process. When building the catapult, we constantly had to refine our original design plan. Many times we found out something did not work, and we had to replace the original design with other materials. Because the material available to us was different from what we wanted in our plan, we had to change some parts of our design to fit the material we had which was bit of a challenge, but we overcame it. if I was to do this project again, I would use a different design. Being in the lab once, I now have a better idea of what materials I have access to, and could possibly build a better catapult.

# Capstone of middle school humanities intro

For my eights grade capstone project, the issue I would like to make notice of is education in rural areas of China.

At this moment some research questions that I wish to push wards are: why is rural education a problem? what are difficulties when it comes to solving these problems? what is rural education in comparison to urban? what are some things being done at the moment to help the situation.

Along with great hope for success I have fears also, which are we can find the problems, we know what is needed to solve the problem, but in the end it turns out some of the requests are simply too hard to meet.

From this research I hope to gain knowledge on the situation and know what is going well and what’s not in terms of work that is being done right now to help.

Through this project I wish to make more people aware of the situation through providing them with knowledge and guiding questions, so they could have their own thoughts about what they might want to do to be.

# Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine

The book “The Poisoners Handbook” by Deborah Blum revolves around the stories of Charles Norris and Alexander Gettler, New York City’s first toxicologists. Before the two main characters began working in the medical examiner’s office, the author points out in her book, that poisoners could get away with murder as poison was basically unidentifiable, and thus untraceable. The book covers the Jazz Age years from 1915 to 1936, which the author describes as a “coming-of-age” for forensic toxicology. Throughout the course of the book the author covers the development of knowledge in the poisons chloroform, wood alcohol, cyanides, arsenic, mercury, carbon monoxide, methyl alcohol, radium, ethyl alcohol and thallium. In the process of explaining the development in forensic science, the author shows Norris and Gettler’s contribution to the medical world in their success in revolutionizing the poison game.

In the beginning the author states that “until the early nineteenth century few tools existed to detect toxic substance in a corpse. Sometimes investigators deduced poison from the violent sickness that preceded death, or built a case by feeding animals a victim’s last meal, but more often than not the poisoner walked free.” (p.1). This sets the scene for the beginning of the chemical revolution, before which investigators didn’t have the tools and knowledge to solve crime. Throughout the book scientists had always been testing and experimenting in order to find more efficient ways to detect poison. One time when they were investigating mercury it says that “it wasn’t a particularly difficult poison to detect in a body. But Gettler had been experimenting with it in smaller and smaller amounts, pushing the limits of Reinsch’s test, following those careful steps of heating, distilling, and condensing it until the pure poison separated out. He tried to improve the sensitivity until he could detect a mere trace.” (p.109-110). This shows the scientists testing and improving their methods of detecting poison.

Towards the end of the book the author concludes that “Norris’s and Gettler’s often thankless work – the long nights in the laboratory, the endless fights with the mayor’s office, the battles against the federal government and big business alike – had produced real results. Norris and Gettler had, indeed, changed the poison game.” (p.272).

Overall the poison game has dramatically changed during this time period. Poisons that used to be untraceable could now be detected easily. Poisoners who used to get away with their crimes were now (in 1936) sent the electric chair.

# French Revolution in Plain English

Starting in 1789 the French revolution had changed France in the most dramatic ways. During the revolution France abolished the monarchy, executed its king, and switched its governing statues to a republic. Along with new laws the government was now ran by elected officials. Thus we have the modern France. Here is a video to take you through the major events of the French Revolution in chronological order.

# 8th grade PE Aquatics Unit

In this 8th grade PE unit of aquatics there were two main areas of focas was one water polo and second swimming. My focus stroke of swimming was freestyle. At the beginning of our 12 lesson unit we first started with righting smart goals. Smart stands for specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and timely. The smart aspect was intended to conform that our goal was reasonable. Throughout the 12 lessons I feel like that there has been some improvements of my stroke. Improvements include head position which helps with the stream line position. Another improvement is the pull aspect of freestyle. My pull used to be very bendy with no fixed position each time I took a stroke. Now my pull is much nicer plus I have a much more extended entry and straighter arm. Also now in my recovery my elbow is much higher. Our swim training was based on the HIIT (high intensity interval training) and FITT (frequency intensity time type). These practices helped me improve my stroke position but also helped with my overall consistency of good quality swimming over longer periods of time with little rest.

# Humanities Class Poem

From here

Song of Spring by James Oswell [STUDENT]

In Earth’s heavens,

Where there’s bright beams that shine down from the galaxy

And rich pure air that is breathed around.

Is where trees the gentle giants of mother earth’s blessing spurt.

It was like any morning over here,

The wind played the rhythm and birds sang out loud.

Then the peace was broken with the zing zing of saws.

A savage butcher with a pitch black heart,

Reckless with only saws in hands and trees in eyes,

He headed straight for them and it was now that nature new, all hope was lost.

With the birds airborne with a shudder a new song started,

The song of nature’s shrieks and the zing zing of saws.

Cut down like prisoners of war not worth a second thought,

Tortured yet powerless we fall to the ground.

We serve them but yet they seem not to care.

Sooner or later we’ll all face our ancestors fate.

We have served humans for as long as time,

Your ancestors used to worship us as gods,

And yet so soon you only see us as numbers

We will soon be gone and you won’t survive,

We’ll all be history no longer reality.

But what choices do we have?

Besides to serve this world to our death,

Though I know it’s no use I still say this.