Are some ways of knowing more likely than others to lead to truth?
There are 8 major ways of knowing sense of perception, reasoning, emotion, language, imagination, memory, faith and intuition. All these ways have advantages and disadvantages but some of these advantages are more likely for you to lead to the truth.
We can argue what the word truth means in the context, true to everyone or true to me. If it argues that its true to me only then all the major ways knowing have are equally likely for you to lead to the truth. Cause I can believe what I want is true, this is where some ways of knowing comes in, for example religion is something that allow large groups of people believe in one thing. But to another group of people it might not be the truth. So to certain groups of people faith is more likely to lead them to the truth to some it might not be. So there isn’t one major way of knowing more likely to lead you to the truth cause the truth can be different to everyone. But to some people the word truth is seen differently.
To be true or not, according to the coherence theory of truth, it has to consistent to multiple things, if I hear a someone running down the hallway, then a second person hears the same thing. I see a person running past the door as well. Then all three fits together the hearing, the seeing and another person hearing the same thing. Then if this is the definition of truth then there are some ways of knowing more likely than other to lead to truth. This can be an example of deductive reasoning, where you have to use all pieces of evidence that you have in order for something to be true. If I use faith here, then someone can claim that they saw something out of the world happen, can the person use multiple evidences to put together and prove that it is the truth. The police uses this as well, in order for this to be true everyone being interrogated has to have the same story in order for it to be true. But a weakness is that humans are easily tricked by false reasoning, quickly to believe fairly solid reasoning even if its wrong. But in order for it to be true it has to be consistent to multiple claims.
In the end, some ways of knowing is more likely than others to get the truth but this depends on the persons theory of truth. But a reasonable argument is that the truth is easier to be found using certain ways of knowing according to the coherence theory of truth.
Malpas, J., “Donald Davidson”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/davidson/>.