WHAT WAYS OF KNOWING ARE MORE LIKELY THAN OTHER TO LEAD TO TRUTH? -TOK-summative blog post

The ways of knowing are sense perception, emotion, language, reason, faith, imagination, memory and intuition. In this passage, I will select and compare two of these ways of knowing, in order to determine which one between these two are more likely to lead to the truth. The two ways of knowing that I’ve decided to compare are memory and faith. To determine which one of these two is more likely to lead to the truth, a definition of truth is needed. According to Britannica, truth is beliefs, thoughts, or propositions that are said, in ordinary discourse, to agree with the facts or to state what is the case.

Faith is believing in something or someone specific; therefore, faith can be expressed in many different ways. In most cases, faith is expressed as religions and ideologies, and there can be many different ones, as they differ from culture to culture and from individual to individual. This way of knowing can be very personal and very truthful to many people; however, can faith usually lead to truth? Faith usually makes you believe in dogmas, so it might prevent you from thinking critically about something different from them. However, some principles stated by ideologies can lead to a unitary vision and respect of the rules in regard to each other’s well-being. Therefore, faith can be interpreted in many ways, and it is up to an individual to have it or not and in what. Faith can often lead to a personal truth, but an overall inexactness due to personal or religious beliefs.

Memory is the ability to remember things such as experiences, people, names, and information in general. Memory can provide us with stored information about anything that we might have been through in our lives that we can remember.  Memory can only provide us with partial information on something; for example, a person will not remember every single thing he or she did throughout the day, but instead, will only retain events that were more relevant. This might usually lead to the truth on certain aspects and unreality on others. Memories also tend to change over time, which also causes an individual to believe in something that is, in fact, not entirely true. Though this is likely to happen, memory is essential in our everyday lives, without memory, we wouldn’t be able to do anything more than once without problems and is also crucial for our personal connections to others. Memory represents facts, and events that actually happened, therefore, are based on evidence, and it is a vital way of knowing, which often leads to truth.

Works cited:

Truth | philosophy and logic | Britannica

By  Container: Encyclopædia Britannica Year: 2020 URL: https://www.britannica.com/topic/truth-philosophy-and-logic

 

 

TOK pre-assessment

My name is Lapo Nencini, I am 16 years old, This is my fifth year at ISB. I like sports in general, but my favorite is soccer, both to watch and play. I am from Italy, and I’ve lived there for about 12 years. I know for sure what I am currently doing, where I live, and what my name is. There are many things that I’d say I know for sure, but I’ve realized that most of them are abstract. For example, the country I live in is China, but it is nothing more than a named land like all other countries. Money, cities, and almost everything with a name is abstract or made up, which makes me wonder what things I know for sure. I believe that we live in an abstract world, and most of the things we see and are used to describe as “known” are not and are just what we were taught to believe.

create and improve

I started my project for science. my 3d printed materials are ready, I will soon build it, I already bought my 7mm balls, and they will come in 2 days

January 15th:

I am done with my wheel, and I just need to try it with the balls, that are coming today.

January 17th:

I am done with everything, but I had to fix the central part of the wheel since it was shaking too much.

 

Develop and plan

I am going to create a perpetual motion machine. The point of it is that the 6 7mm balls inside each hole, makes the wheel spin faster, using energy transfer.

It is going to be a 3d printed project, and the length of the base is 10 cm.

The wheel is a perpetual motion machine. It is going to look similar to this example found on the internet, but with my own materials and measurements

Engineering Project

In this engineering project, we are supposed to come up with ideas to build a mechanical instrument that transfers energy.

I’m thinking about making a project that uses different objects to move other objects without touching, and by using energy transfer.

In this video, I like how they use energy to make other objects move without any contact.

 

In this video, I like how he uses objects, (such as a basketball) to make the push for another object stronger.

Journal Entry 4-Polymer Project

Design Journal Checklist # 4

Optimising Prototypes

  • You describe important observations about each of your prototypes and identify strengths and limitations of each prototype.
  • Recommendations for future improvements to your design.
  • You make a claim about which prototype was most effective for meeting your goal, and your claim is supported by evidence from your observations.
  • You present a clear method for how to make your final design.
  • You reflect on the design process and what you have learned.

Communication

  • Your writing is clear and concise with few grammar errors
  • You use scientific terminology
  • You create multimedia that suits the post and presented my information in a way that clearly explained my topic.
  • Group video is also linked to post
  • Your blog post demonstrated a sound ability to meet the publishing standards for a blog post, including a clear title with “Polymer Journal #”, a category of “Science,” and tags

 

Prototype Observations

Prototype Observations Strengths for this Prototype Limitations for this Prototype
#1 Roller Coaster

wrong one

It had all the requirements, but it did not stick that well It could take any shape, and any color It didn’t stick
#2 Roller Coaster

 

The final one

Had all the requirements and did stick well Could take any shape and stick one the cup. Could also be made in any color. It loses a bit of grip the older it gets

Prototype Claim

Use evidence from above observations to complete.

Prototype # __2__, called __Roller Coaster __, was most effective for meeting our goal because:

It could work as a coaster, pencil grip and for table protection as well

Method of Final Design

Give a summary of how your final product will be made.

The combination of the following substances makes a gloop:

Glue, 250 ml of Borax, 10 ml Water

Make sure you list the steps and amounts used:

  1. Pour 1cm of glue into a cup.
  2. add 250ml of borax into a graduated cylinder in the cup.
  3. fill a graduated cylinder with 10 ml of water, add it to the cup.
  4. mix  for 2 minutes with a stick,
  5. pull the substance out of the cup
  6. let the polymer dry for 5 minutes

Reflection 

What was the process like?  What was challenging?  What was interesting?  What did I learn?

The process was interesting, and even though it had some failures, we managed to create a good product. The making part was challenging, but it was also the interesting one. I learned how to work with certain products and how to mix them to obtain specific substances

Journal Entry 3- Polymer Project

 Journal Checklists Journal # 3

Developing Solutions

  • You identify the physical properties that you want your polymer to have
  • You describe a plan for how you will develop your different prototypes.
  • You describe a method to test the effectiveness of prototypes.

Communication

  • Your writing is clear and concise with few grammar errors
  • You use scientific terminology
  • You create multimedia that suits the post and presented my information in a way that clearly explained my topic.
  • Your blog post demonstrated a sound ability to meet the publishing standards for a blog post, including a clear title with “Polymer Journal #”, a category of “Science,” and tags

 

Describing Our Polymer

 

 

  1. We are making…

 

A coaster for cups

 

  1. We want the Physical Properties to include:
  • Stickiness
  • different color

 

 


 

Our Plan to Develop our Prototype

*Prototype = sample or model

 

 

1st we will…                                                     2nd we will…

    

 

 

 

                                                              

 

 

Test it
Make the protoype

 

Prepare the video

 

present


 

 

Our Method for Testing our Prototype: How we’ll test it to see if it works

Method Why we chose this/How this will be effective
Put it under a cup It will say goodbye to cup stains
Use it as pencil grip To  write better
   

 

Journal Entry 2 -Polymer Project

Journal #2

Our Specific Goal:

The goal of our polymer project is to

 

Target Market Audience

Some Examples:

 

Adults

Parents with small kids

Elderly

Kids

Teens

Boys/Girls

Teachers/Businessmen/Shop Owners

Pet Owners

Travelers

 

Target Market Audience How will this help them?
Target Market Audience #1:

 

The target market audience is people that want a special coaster that can stick to the glass, can have different colors and can give a lot of extra protection It would protect the glass, and, if in some cases like a drop, the glass wouldn’t break if falling on the polymer side, because it would
Possible Target Market Audience #2:

*just in case you have more than one target market audience

   

 


 

Describing Our Polymer

 

We want the Physical Properties to include:

  • gooey
  • sticky
  • formable
  • formable in any shape

 

Polymer Characteristics We Are Looking For

*Gloop, Super Slime, Stretch-tastic Slime, Oobleck

 

Polymer Characteristics Why this is important
Gloop Formable It can take the shape of the glass
     
     

 


 

Our Plan to Develop our Prototype

*Prototype = sample or model

 

1st we will…                                                     2nd we will…

Mix the ingredients

    

 
Test it on a glass, and do different tests such as dropping it to see success and ways of improvement

 

Obtain the polymer
Make it dry so that it can be 100% performant

 

 

Finally                                                             3rd we will…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Our Method for Testing our Prototype: How we’ll test it to see if it works

Method Why we chose this/How this will be effective
Put the prototype under the cup and see if it stops stain marks and keeps the cup stable This will be effective because the gloop is the kind of polymer that can be more efficient on protecting and taking the form of the glass.
   
   

 

 

 

Sources I used:

Glue into the cup
2 drops of coloring
7ml of water
8ml of borax solution
 
 

Journal Entry 1 -Polymer Project

Synthetic VS. Natural                

What are synthetic materials?

Synthetic materials are artificial materials, meaning made by someone

 

Give 2 examples of synthetic materials.

 

Polypropylene

Nylon

 

What are natural resources?

Natural resources are resources that are made by themselves, made by nature

 

Give 2 examples of natural resources.

shellacamber,

 

 

 

 

 

Polymers and Where They Come From

 

 

What is a polymer?

a substance which has a molecular structure built up chiefly or completely from a large number of similar units bonded together,

 

 

 

Give 2 examples of synthetic polymers and the natural resources they come from

Synthetic Polymer #1

Nylon

 

What natural resources does this come from?

aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.

 

What would we use this synthetic material for?

Nylon became important as a synthetic substitute for silk in the manufacture of parachutes when silk became scarce

 

Synthetic Polymer #2

Teflon

What natural resources does this come from?

the monomer tetrafluoroethylene by free radical vinyl polymerization.

 

What would we use this synthetic material for?

 

for pans and other cookware.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Reactions

 

How do natural resources go through a chemical reaction to become synthetic materials?

*important words to think about…polymerization, monomer, polymer

 

Natural resources go through a process called polymerization, and they form a chain to form a polymer, those molecules are called monomers and they can be bonded to other monomers to form the final product, a polymer

 

 

 

What is a monomer?

a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer.

 

 

 

 

What is polymerization?

 

In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks

 

 

 

 

 

Sources I used:

https://www.google.com.hk/search?safe=active&rlz=1C5CHFA_enHK775HK775&ei=pj3YWrmxGIKM8wWy04GgDg&q=where+odes+teflon+come+from&oq=where+odes+teflon+come+from&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0i13k1j0i22i30k1.39399.44176.0.44488.27.26.0.0.0.0.295.3275.0j14j5.19.0….
https://www.google.com.hk/search?safe=active&rlz=1C5CHFA_enHK775HK775&ei=1D3YWsTMBsX78QWP_ZzIBw&q=what+is+polymerization&oq=what+is+polymari&gs_l=psy-ab.3.0.0i10k1l10.130215.135028.0.136276.22.16.4.0.0.0.311.2313.0j7j4j1.12.0….0…1c.1.64.psy-ab
https://www.google.com.hk/search?safe=active&rlz=1C5CHFA_enHK775HK775&ei=XT7YWoihIoid8QWnzr-AAQ&q=what+is+a+monomer&oq=what+is+a+monomer&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l2j0i20i263k1j0l7.72500.73910.0.73997.9.9.0.0.0.0.157.652.0j5.5.0….0…1c.1.64.psy-ab..4.5.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymerization
http://www.craftechind.com/top-3-commercial-uses-for-nylon/

 

Journal entry #1

Synthetic VS. Natural

What are synthetic materials?

Synthetic materials are artificial materials, meaning made by someone

 

Give 2 examples of synthetic materials.

 

Polypropylene

Nylon

 

What are natural resources?

Natural resources are resources that are made by themselves, made by nature

 

Give 2 examples of natural resources.

shellacamber,

 

 

 

 

 

Polymers and Where They Come From

 

 

What is a polymer?

a substance which has a molecular structure built up chiefly or completely from a large number of similar units bonded together,

 

 

 

Give 2 examples of synthetic polymers and the natural resources they come from

Synthetic Polymer #1

Nylon

 

What natural resources does this come from?

aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.

 

What would we use this synthetic material for?

Nylon became important as a synthetic substitute for silk in the manufacture of parachutes when silk became scarce

 

Synthetic Polymer #2

Teflon

What natural resources does this come from?

the monomer tetrafluoroethylene by free radical vinyl polymerization.

 

What would we use this synthetic material for?

 

for pans and other cookware.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Reactions

 

How do natural resources go through a chemical reaction to become synthetic materials?

*important words to think about…polymerization, monomer, polymer

 

Natural resources go through a process called polymerization, and they form a chain to form a polymer, those molecules are called monomers and they can be bonded to other monomers to form the final product, a polymer

 

 

 

What is a monomer?

a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer.

 

 

 

 

What is polymerization?

 

In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks

 

 

 

 

 

Sources I used:

https://www.google.com.hk/search?safe=active&rlz=1C5CHFA_enHK775HK775&ei=pj3YWrmxGIKM8wWy04GgDg&q=where+odes+teflon+come+from&oq=where+odes+teflon+come+from&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0i13k1j0i22i30k1.39399.44176.0.44488.27.26.0.0.0.0.295.3275.0j14j5.19.0….
https://www.google.com.hk/search?safe=active&rlz=1C5CHFA_enHK775HK775&ei=1D3YWsTMBsX78QWP_ZzIBw&q=what+is+polymerization&oq=what+is+polymari&gs_l=psy-ab.3.0.0i10k1l10.130215.135028.0.136276.22.16.4.0.0.0.311.2313.0j7j4j1.12.0….0…1c.1.64.psy-ab
https://www.google.com.hk/search?safe=active&rlz=1C5CHFA_enHK775HK775&ei=XT7YWoihIoid8QWnzr-AAQ&q=what+is+a+monomer&oq=what+is+a+monomer&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l2j0i20i263k1j0l7.72500.73910.0.73997.9.9.0.0.0.0.157.652.0j5.5.0….0…1c.1.64.psy-ab..4.5.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymerization
http://www.craftechind.com/top-3-commercial-uses-for-nylon/