Topic 1: Henrik Ibsen
– Find an image of Ibsen.
– Find some information about his upbringing and education.
- Son of the merchant
- Left school at fifteen and became an apprentice pharmacist
– Describe the three phases of his dramatic works.
- Poetic dramas and dealt primarily with historical themes, folklore, and romantic pageantry
- Dramatic phase (realistic social plays)
- The emphasis on symbolism
– Explain why he is considered the pioneer of modern drama.
- Because he went around all of Europe searching for stories and wrote plays about them.
– Explain two literary elements in which he is known to excel and the major theme of most of his plays.
- Symbolism, dramatic irony, and deception
Topic 2: Norway
– Find and include a map of Norway and its location in Europe.
– Describe Norway’s climate.
- Marine climate
- Cool summers and mild winter
– Briefly explain Norway’s government and economy.
- Constitutional monarchy
- Mixed economy
– Include information about Norway’s traditional culture.
- Various sea foods
- Lefse in Christmas
Topic 3: Gender Roles and Social Classes in the Victorian Era
– List the years included in the Victorian Era.
- 1837 ~ 1901
– Discuss whether society was patriarchal or matriarchal and why.
- Strictly patriarchal society
- Gender roles
– Describe the characteristics of the “ideal woman.”
- Pure, chaste, refined, and modest
– Explain the societal expectations of each of the following people:
- Gender is important, but social class is more important. A woman born to the right class will have more opportunities than a man born to the wrong class.
– Briefly explain how the nineteenth-century feminist movement differs from modern feminism.
- The original feminism is somewhat different to current radical feminism. Women in the past did not have rights to vote (the main focus: suffrage), to choose a job, or even to choose a form life they want to live in. These days, except for some countries where there are still people who cannot go to school, always need to cover their entire body, and cannot choose a job or lifestyle just because they are female, radical feminists in advanced countries like the US, Europe, or South Korea are almost seen as cherry-pickers who argue for more rights. As a result, it has changed the non-feminist people’s perspectives towards modern feminism and also impaired the true purpose and meaning of feminism.
Topic 4: Marriage in the Victorian Era
– Explain whether or not it was a romantic bond or economic institution and why.
- Women in the Victorian society had one main role in life, which was to marry and take part in their husbands’ interests and business.
– Describe the expectations and responsibilities of women and men.
- Man: spiritual and a faithful believer; to protect his wife and children
- Woman: household environment; marry, have a child, and keep a nice household
– Find and include any publications with instructions on how to be a good wife or husband.
- “A Good Victorian Wife: a life of domestic disciplines”
Topic 5: Realism
– Define the term and describe the characteristics of “theatrical realism.”
- Realism in Theatre
- Real people in everyday situation, dealing with common problems, and emphasis on behavior and tough decisions, believable dialogue, common everyday settings.
– Briefly describe some nineteenth-century social, economic, and political influences that may have led to the birth of theatrical realism/modern theater.
- Its social structure (rise of feminism) as wells as economic and political influences may have led to the birth of theatrical realism.
– Include some titles and photos from plays that are considered “realist.”
- “The Power of Darkness,” “The Wild Duck,” “The Lady from the Sea”