Individual Knower’s assumption and knowledge claims vary from personal identity and personal perspective; thus, the assumption and knowledge claims often get objected to and challenged by other knowers. The knowers are also always exposed to the illusion of explanatory depth, which downgrades all knowledge’s creditability. In short, all experience is worthy of the doubt to lead to the truth. Knowers need to question “how do we know” to our knowledge and move closer to the truth(accord with fact or reality, or faithfulness to a standard); furthermore, knowers need to expand our knowledge and support our knowledge.
A different way of knowing collaborates to move closer to the truth. The “memory” is one way of knowing that contributes to the knower to move closer to the truth.
Memory is a data storage of individual knowers; it retains information and reconstructs past experiences. Also, memory plays a crucial role in shaping our knower perspective and identity.
Memory is composed of outcomes of various ways of knowing: sense perception, emotions, faith, intuition, and language. A newborn baby’s self-perception, for example, would feel hungry and crave for the mother’s breast milk. The baby’s next motion would be crying aloud because crying is the only way babies can express themself. And then, the baby’s mother will quickly run to the baby and feed the baby. The baby would store self-perception of hunger and the outcome of crying into his or her memory. Every time the baby feels hungry, the baby will cry out for mother’s milk. The baby’s memory itself is a union of all different knowing.
All knowers tend to have a different perspective because they all belong to different language societies, knowledge groups, and other factors. Knowledge except for scientific facts relies on relativity and relativism. As memory is a crucial component that shapes our identity, the information that we contain inside our memory varies due to our different perspectives and identity. An individual knower can convert an experience or information to our memory differently depending on their own identity and perspective. Out of ways of knowing, memory is the most accurate way of knowing because it regards the relativism and outcomes of other knowings.
However, A memory that may be built on extreme relativism can lead to corrupted truth; people with extreme values and beliefs can conclude a knowledge or truth that is morally corrupted. A psychopath’s memory, a person who has a chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behavior, can be shaped by extreme values and beliefs. A psychopath can justify a morally corrupted knowledge with radical moral relativism, which leads their knowledge to risky truth.
Also, it is essential to note that the ways of knowing can’t work separately. Ways of knowing all collaborate to lead to the truth. Memory is a complex of individual knower’s outcomes of knowing, our perspective, and identity. Although “memory” itself alone can’t lead to truth, memory work as a base data of the all-knowing process. Without memory, we won’t be able to work our way through the process of knowing.

Are some ways of knowing more likely than others to lead to truth ?

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