Despair. The plane was shot during the war and they were thrown in an uncharted and unknown island, the boys- Ralph and Piggy, had no idea about how to escape and could only maintain the expectation that they would be rescued eventually, but no one was exactly sure when. There were other boys meeting each other, but they all felt extremely discouraged. Ralph was a young but responsible boy since he was being supportive of others who also had the same issue. As he was elected for the leader for the crew, he took a huge amount of responsibilities. In the book “Lord of the Flies”, authored by William Golding, it showed human nature and Civilization specifically the weak and the strong as for the themes.
To begin with, William Golding once said that in writing Lord of the Flies he aimed to have Ralph to trace society’s flaws back to their source in human nature. Leaving a group of English schoolboys to fend for themselves on a remote jungle island, Ralph definitely showed a kind of human nature laboratory in order to examine what happens when the constraints of civilization vanish and raw human nature takes over. In Lord of the Flies, Ralph argues that human nature, free from the constraints of society, draws people away from reason toward savagery. “Aren’t there any grownups at all?” “I don’t think so.” The fair boy said this solemnly; but then the delight of a realized ambition overcame him. In the middle of the scar, he stood on his head and grinned at the reversed fat boy. “No grownups!” (Golding, 9) The makeshift civilization the boys form in Lord of the Flies collapses under the weight of their innate savagery: rather than follow rules and work hard, they pursue fun, succumb to fear, and fall to violence. Ralph underlying argument is that human beings are savage by nature, and are moved by primal urges toward selfishness, brutality, and dominance over others. Though the boys think the beast lives in the jungle, Ralph makes it clear that it lurks only in their hearts.
Furthermore, civilization had accounted for in this book for more times than any others, specifically talking about the savages and weak with the strong. Within the larger battle of civilization and savagery ravaging the boys’ community on the island, The book Lord of the flies indeed depicts in great detail the relationships and power dynamics between the boys and how Ralph and Piggy could be some people that are still holding their last hope, mostly Ralph the leader. In particular, the book shows how Ralph with other boys on the uncharted island fight to survive the challenges and how Ralph was respected in multiple aspects. “His voice rose under the black smoke before the burning wreckage of the island; and infected by that emotion, the other little boys began to shake and sob too. And in the middle of them, with filthy body, matted hair, and unwiped nose, Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.” (323) In addition, there was one boy that was weaker than any other people so he was abused vocally and physically, but stronger boys are able to maintain their position and get onto what was right and find their only way to be rescued.
A connection I would like to make is between The Lord of the flies with The Hatchet by Gary Poulson. In Lord of the flies, it was conch that was about speaking something important while holding the conch. In the Hatchet, as the book title stated, the hatchet was the thing that was keeping the boy- Brain Robeson’s last hope when he was the only alive person when the plane crashed in the forest. The hatchet was made by Brain’s mom. “‘So.’ He almost jumped with the word, spoken aloud, considering the hatchet. It seemed so out of place, the sound. He tried it again. “So. So. So here I am.” And there it is, he thought. For the first time since the crash his mind started to work, his brain triggered and he began thinking.” (Poulson, 98) Also, the whole plot in Lord of the flies was mainly about meeting other hopeless boys and solve the problems together while The Hatchet was Brain, who make friends with Jim, Jake, and Terry. They come along well and eventually find the way to the exit at the end of the book.
This is the book, Lord of the flies, talking about how human is actually acting around the world and the civilization of the boys- Ralph and the others, are able to be rescued due to their last but little hope.