Extreme Close-up (ECU):
Extreme close-up refers to the first filming technique among the 5 shot sequences. The specialty of this technique comes from its shot size. Just like its name, the shot size of this technique is extremely close; the camera extremely closes up to the hands of the character. As this technique is arranged in the first order of the 5 sequences, its feature of only showing the hands of the character makes evokes the audiences’ interests.
Close-up refers to the second technique among the 5 shot sequences. The shot size of this technique is quite close, as this technique focuses on the face of an object. Since this technique focuses on the face, it can effectively present the emotion of the character, helping the reader to understand the character’s emotion. In most cases, the eyes are the most emphasized in the face.
Medium Shot (MS)
Medium shot refers to the third technique among the 5 shot sequences. The shot size of this technique is moderately close, focusing on the upper body of the figure and a background. Since it generally shows the whole picture of the scene, it builds up a general understanding of the character and the surrounding for the audiences. Therefore, medium shot is one of the fundamental techniques of filmmaking.
Over the Shoulder (OTS)
Over the Shoulder shot refers to the fourth technique among the 5 shot sequences. The shot size of this technique is quite close, and the point of view of this technique starts from the shoulder of the character. This technique focuses of what the character is doing, so it reveals the relationship between the character and the subject. Since the point of view of this technique is similar to that of the character, it engages the audience into the film.
Interesting shot refers to the last technique among the 5 shot sequences. Just like its name, there is not specific shot size to follow. It just has to be “interesting”, and this shot must put an end to the whole film. An unusual focuses such as “crawl on your belly” can be an example of Interseing shots.