Imagine being a clean river and in the past few years, people have been dumping contaminants on you and trash turning into a toxic soup. Water pollution is a problem in China that needs to be solved. Air pollution can mix with water which would produce contaminated water. Leaks from landfills could also reach ground water. Now, China now faces a new problem, the problem of water pollution. If we can solve this, it will improve overall health, life underwater, and could help contribute to helping other SDGs. Even though China has improved dramatically in the form of industries, a lot of pollution is still produced from these industries and are often dumped into nearby rivers. Problem. That is why SDG 6, water sanitation is a very important problem in China that needs to be solved as soon as possible.
Solving the problem of water pollution will improve the overall good health and wellbeing. People can get hepatitis by eating seafood such as shellfish which has been poisoned by contaminated water and it is also stated that in poor places, there can be outbreaks of cholera and diseases due to poor drinking water which is contaminated. (eSchooltoday, 2017) In Buckley and Piao’s article (2016), “Rural Water, Not City Smog, May Be China’s Pollution Nightmare,” 32.9% of the water in central China is only fit for industrial use. An additional 47.3% is practically unusable. Contaminants found in these waters are commonly used in fungicides. Mr. Yamatin, someone who studies environmental issues in China, mentioned in an interview that when a landfills leak, the liquid which is most likely poisoned by plastic would flow into land water which would eventually reach the surface where people and animals will be affected. (Chin, 2019)If the water is contaminated and used by humans without proper treatment, we will be more prone to sickness and the water itself will be bad for our health since it would contain potentially poisonous contaminants.
We should work on the water contamination problem because it would improve aquatic life. An eSchooltoday article stated: aquatic life can get sick from polluted water and it would affect the ecosystem. Pollutants such as lead and, microplastics, and cadmium are eaten by tiny aquatic animals and the poisoning gets more potent as we go further up the food chain and we usually consume those organisms as food. Since 90% of living organisms that live on earth live in the water, if the aquatic ecosystem deteriorates the organisms living on land will also be affected. That is why, if we can get the water quality to be good, UN’s SDG 13, life underwater, will also improve.
China has improved dramatically in industries and half of these industries have been dumping their pollution into nearby rivers. (National Academics, 2007) So in the end, even if China becomes the biggest country in the world of industries, it will face even bigger problems such as supplying clean water to their people, making sure they have stable ecosystems and giving food that is not poisoned by these toxic waters.
Water contamination is a big problem in China and needs to be solved. It would help with having a healthier community and improve aquatic life. Additionally, it would also help with other SDGs such as life under water along with health and wellbeing.
Buckley, Chris, and Vanessa Piao. “Rural Water, Not City Smog, May Be China’s Pollution Nightmare.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 11 Apr. 2016, www.nytimes.com/2016/04/12/world/asia/china-underground-water-pollution.html.
eSchooltoday. “Effects of Water Pollution.” What Are the Effects of Water Pollution, eschooltoday.com/pollution/water-pollution/effects-of-water-pollution.html.
National Academies. “Safe Drinking Water Is Essential.” Safe Drinking Water Is Essential – Agricultural and Industrial Pollution in China, National Academies, 1 Sept. 2007, www.koshland-science-museum.org/water/html/en/Treatment/Agricultural-and-Industrial-Pollution-in-China.html.