Louise

"I have no special talent. I am only passionately curious" - Albert Einstein

Author: Louise (page 1 of 2)

Les lettres Chinoises

Les lettres Chinoises :

Le livre :

Le livre a été publié en 1993.

Personnages :

Sassa : Elle n’a jamais souhaité rejoindre Yuan en Amérique du Nord, elle a toujours était trop attache a sa ville et sa culture. Elle semble être hésitante pendant tout le livre par rapport a son depart et a son amour pour Yuan qu’elle considere a la fin comme impossible a cause des differences qu’ils ont maintenant. Elle représente la culture chinoise ainsi que la peur du changement et de quitter ce qu’elle connait. Elle est en fait malade et ne souhaite pas partir au Canada.

Yuan : 2 Point de vue. Si il est l’amant de Da Li, son amour pour Sassa est questionne. Si il n’est pas l’amant de Da Li, alors il est vraiment amoureux de Sassa mais son amour n’est pas aussi fort que son désir de vouloir quitter son pays. Il essaie de convaincre Sassa de venir avec lui au Canada.

Da Li : Meilleure amie de Sassa, cherche le bonheur a l’étranger. Mystérieuse. Désir d’être aime qui la pousse à tomber amoureuse de Yuan ou d’un homme déjà prit.

L’auteure :

Ying Cheng est une autrice chinoise et canadienne. Elle a étudié le français à l’université en Chine.

Problème global :

Les différences culturelles et leurs implications.

La difficulté

Les difficultés impliquées par la différence culturelle.

L’histoire :

Yuan décide de quitter Shanghai pour aller étudier et travailler à Montréal. Le livre est une collection de lettres entre Yuan, Sassa et Da Li. A travers ces lettres nous voyons les personnages changer et l’amour de Yuan et Sassa petit a petit disparaitre avec le temps et la distance.

Thèmes et idées :

L’exil~

L’étranger : Étranger une personne et l’étranger le

L’amour : L’histoire d’amour ici impossible entre Yuan et Sassa, ainsi que Da Li et son amant.

L’adultère : La relation de Da Li et de son amant est tabou.

L’amitié : Entre Da Li et Sassa, cependant, il y a quand même un doute de la part de Sassa par rapport aux intentions de Da Li envers Yuan.

Le mal être : Sassa se sent mal car son fiancée est partis.

Les différences entre les cultures/sociétés chine/Amérique du Nord : La différence culturel entre tous les personnages évolue tout au long du roman.

Déracinement : Yuan décide de partir de son pays car il veut changer.

Les choix de l’auteur :

Un roman épistolaire.

Pas de point de vue extérieur, toujours un mystère par rapport à la relation de Da Li et ce que le lecteur peut penser être Yuan.

Extrait :

Page :

ARTICLE OF THE WEEK

Article of the Week

 

In order to practice identifying literary techniques and structural elements from text types you may encounter on the IB exam, as well as to become more aware of current events, you will be reading an article each cycle.

 

Your group will be given 3-5 articles to choose from, and then each group member will choose one article to read and analyze. *Group members cannot analyze the same article.

 

You’ll need to annotate your article (I’m trying to get a chrome app approved to make this easier for you), and then respond to the article on Flipgrid. Your analysis should discuss the source of the text, text type (elements of the text type), audience, purpose, and any techniques you noticed that helped the author achieve their purpose. If you do not think the author was effective in his/her/their goals, explain why they failed and what would have been more effective. You can also share ideas you found remarkable (as in interesting, concerning, alarming, offensive, etc.) or any questions you have after reading.

 

Then, watch the videos your group members posted, and write a 120 character summary of the article (like a tweet) as a comment.

Timeline: Read, analyze, and post to Flipgrid by the 3rd day of the cycle. Then watch and respond to your group member’s videos by the 7th day of the cycle.

 

A graphic organizer follows to help you with your response.

 

Information to share in your Flipgrid video
Source of the text

Example: NPR, American site, tends to be liberal

 
Text type

Example: online news article with podcast option

 
Elements of the text type you noticed

Example: image, subheadings,

 
Intended audience

Example: Americans with children or interested in parenting

 
Purpose of the text  
Literary techniques used to help achieve purpose

Example: hyperbole, logos, ethos,

 
Other topics for discussion:

·       Was the author effective in achieving goal? Explain

·       Was anything remarkable?

·      Do you have any questions?

 

 

Steps to Success:  
Step 1: Read and annotate your article  
Step 2: Create a video about the article (refer to directions for what to include)  
Step 3: Post your video before the end of day 3  
Step 4: Watch your group members’ videos  
Step 5: Write a 120 character summary of each article and post it as a comment under the video by the end of day 7.  

 

Article of the week 1:
Source of the text

Example: NPR, American site, tends to be liberal

The week, a journal offering articles online

Title of the article: A transformed workplace

Text type

Example: online news article with podcast option

Online article
Elements of the text type you noticed

Example: image, subheadings,

There is only one picture. There are sub-titles that are introducing each part of the article ex:
Intended audience

Example: Americans with children or interested in parenting

The audience is any adult or person in age to work
Purpose of the text Inform the audience about the working conditions during the covid-19 pandemic and how the pandemic changed the workplace.
Literary techniques used to help achieve purpose

Example: hyperbole, logos, ethos,

Use of Logos and Ethos: Proofs, statistics, data, other articles, comparison ex: Gallup, Microsoft, and Adobe have found that between a third and a half of workers are looking to quit or change jobs.

Use of Pathos: Touching the audience with shocking and somewhat sad statistics and a quote like the nurse

 

Other topics for discussion:

·       Was the author effective in achieving the goal? Explain

·       Was anything remarkable?

·      Do you have any questions?

The author was effective in achieving their goal to

Olivia:

It is a complete analysis with good background information. The analysis of the literary techniques used is good!

Text of the week: 2
Source of the text

Example: NPR, American site, tends to be liberal

Zen pencil, website
Text type

Example: online news article with podcast option

A comic on internet
Elements of the text type you noticed

Example: image, subheadings,

The short comic is illustrated only in black and white with no speech or thought bubbles, only narrative blocks to explain concepts, and the story with more than just the illustration. It makes the story more official and moralizing.
Intended audience

Example: Americans with children or interested in parenting

Anyone procrastinating
Purpose of the text To show the effect that procrastination has on us, and that procrastination is nefarious to us.
Literary techniques used to help achieve purpose

Example: hyperbole, logos, ethos,

No text bubble, only narrative blocks.

Close-ups, on the finger typing showing the

Pathos is used, telling a story to make us feel sorry for the character.

The personification of procrastination as an evil shadow is . Facial expression expressing the fear of the main character in a hyperbolic way,

Other topics for discussion:

·       Was the author effective in achieving goal? Explain

·       Was anything remarkable?

·      Do you have any questions?

I personally do not think that the author was really effective in achieving his goal to make us, as readers, procrastinate.

 

Women are more competitive when they are given an option to shar winnings
Source of the text

Example: NPR, American site, tends to be liberal

The article I will be analyzing today is called “Women are more competitive when they’re given an option to share winnings – a research finding that may help close the gender pay gap”

The conversation, which is a newspaper, published this article.

Text type

Example: online news article with podcast option

An article was written by a university professor at the University of Arizona.
Elements of the text type you noticed

Example: image, subheadings,

Sub-headings, the article is divided in three parts, The big Idea, why it matters and What is next.
Intended audience

Example: Americans with children or interested in parenting

Everyone sensitive to gender discrimination.
Purpose of the text The article’s purpose is to show that with a different approach of a similar situation changes the way women might act. This research demonstrate well that women are educated differently to competition.
Literary techniques used to help achieve purpose

Example: hyperbole, logos, ethos,

Ethos and Logos: The research was carried out by university professors of Economics. They are well educated and trustworthy persons.

 

Pathos: Because gender discrimination is such a big and controversial topic, an article about an idea to help close the pay gap between Women and Men will obviously touch any readers that cares about this issue.

 

 

Other topics for discussion:

·       Was the author effective in achieving goal? Explain

·       Was anything remarkable?

·      Do you have any questions?

I think the author was effective in achieving here goal to

 

https://theconversation.com/women-are-more-competitive-when-theyre-given-an-option-to-share-winnings-a-research-finding-that-may-help-close-the-gender-pay-gap-170622

Malcolm X and Kendrick Lamar IO

Damn and a speech of Malcolm X:

Global Issue: Systemic racism and inequalities against black people.

How do the authors denounce systemic racism against people of color and inequalities using literary techniques?

Plan:

Intro: 1 minute.

The album DAMN came out in 2017, while Malcolm X’s speech was given in 1963 in Detroit. Both Kendrick Lamar and Malcolm X are black American men standing up for their rights. They face systemic racism and inequalities, and throughout their art and speeches, they can denounce these inequalities and this racism. Systemic racism is racism that is embedded in the laws and regulations of society. How do the authors denounce systemic racism against people of color and inequalities using literary techniques? First, I will analyze an extract from Lamar’s song XXX, then the album DAMN as a whole. After, I will analyze an extract from Malcolm X’s speech Message to the grassroots and then, the speech as a whole. More generally how it relates to the global issue of systemic racism and inequalities against people of color.

 

 

Song extract: 2 minutes

 

The song XXX is the eleventh song of the album Damn. The extract has been chosen because of the plurality of figures of speech and the direct link to the global issue. Firstly, Kendrick Lamar uses a generality with “Johnny”, johnny represents the black community, in particular black youth. He denounces the portrayal of black youth that makes the inequalities even bigger. As the system is not supporting black kids to stay in school and it relates to the systemic racism faced by people of color in America.

Then, Kendrick Lamar uses irony with “God bless America”, when just before he was criticizing it. He uses irony to express the opposite and to denounce that America has a problem. This creates an effect of humor and the words “God Bless” used in an ironic way can shock the audience.

In the extract, Lamar receives a call from his friend saying that his son has been killed. Kendrick and his friend are conflicted because getting revenge would mean going against their religion. Kendrick states clearly that if anyone hurts his family, he will murder them and be proud. He has no shame in that and is not afraid to go against the law. Then he uses repetition to prove his love for his family “Touch my”. The repetition emphasizes the importance of his loved ones. It makes the audience relate to Kendrick Lamar.

 

 

Album as a whole: 2 minutes

 

Kendrick Lamar has many recurring themes in his album DAMN, one of them is the racism that he faces and that black people in America face every day. He alludes to or mentions racism in most of his songs. The first song of the album, BLOOD, has a quote from a news reporter quoting Lamar about police brutality against people of color. This quote comes from the media Fox News, a very conservative American news organization. Lamar uses this extract to prove that he is not going to stop defending his rights and he is not going to stop denouncing the problems in America.

In the song FEAR, Kendrick talks about the fear of being misjudged because of who he is as a black man. The inequalities he may face as a black man in America in the justice system. He uses the word Fear a lot throughout the song and a lot of words with similar meanings. This appeals to pathos, Kendrick Lamar shares his deep feelings and denounces big issues in his society too.

As Damn is a rap album, Kendrick Lamar uses assonances and rhymes all throughout the album. It makes the lyrics more poetic, and his message is more easily assimilated by the audience.

Speech extract: 2 minutes

 

This extract is the first few minutes of the speech that he gave. In it, he specifically emphasizes the systemic racism and the inequalities that African Americans experience regardless of their personal beliefs. Malcolm X uses simple language to address the problem as well as short sentences. He goes straight to the point, which makes him clear and understandable for the reader. He even says it. This is to create a link with the audience and for his message to be understood. He also uses an inclusive way of talking “WE”. The audience feels included and his speech gives a feeling of inclusion, solidarity, fraternity.

Malcolm X uses the personification of America. He uses the pronoun “She” to describe her and says that she has a problem like America is a person that has a problem. He means that America is racist and that her problem is black people. He uses personification to show that black people face systemic racism. That it’s an issue bigger than what we can imagine.

Malcolm X uses repetitions, “you don’t catch hell ‘cause” it is also an anaphora. This emphasizes the problem of systemic racism. As Malcolm X says that the problem is only because of the skin color because they are black people. Not because of their religion, their political ideas, their nationality. That for America, they are only black people. This is a powerful repetition as he expresses the problem in a few sentences. The figures of speech used in this extract are present all throughout the speech.

 

 

Speech as a whole: 2 minutes

 

Malcolm X wrote this speech to unify the black community and to persuade them to fight a common enemy through a revolution. As mentioned earlier, Malcolm X speaks in short sentences to make the speech more accessible to anyone. Throughout the speech, he uses Logos, Pathos, and Ethos. The combination of all of these creates a really powerful speech.

He references historical facts, different revolutions that occurred in the past to prove that it is possible to gain freedom against a powerful enemy. The historical facts back up what Malcolm X is saying, it makes him more reliable, and the crowd believes more what he says. Malcolm X also use the violence of these revolutions to prove his point that a revolution cannot be peaceful.

The author uses a metaphor, he compares black people to coffee too strong, which is diluted with cream. This metaphor is a way of saying that the white man wants to make black people silent. And Malcolm X denounces that. In this extract he also uses antithesis. Using words that have opposite meanings in the same sentence is to create contrast and show the strong difference between the two.

 

 

Conclusion: 1 minute

 

Systemic racism and inequalities against people of color are a big problem in America and in the world. Malcolm X, in the ’60s, was very popular and he had lots of influence. In XXX, Kendrick Lamar says to his friends that he should be violent against the people that killed his son, this is similar to Malcolm X who thinks that violence is the only way to freedom. This issue matters because every human has rights.

 

Message to the Grassroots:

 

And during the few moments that we have left, we want to have just an off-the-cuff chat between you and me — us. We want to talk right down to earth in a language that everybody here can easily understand. We all agree tonight, all of the speakers have agreed, that America has a very serious problem. Not only does America have a very serious problem, but our people have a very serious problem. America’s problem is us. We’re her problem. The only reason she has a problem is she doesn’t want us here. And every time you look at yourself, be you black, brown, red, or yellow — a so-called Negro — you represent a person who poses such a serious problem for America because you’re not wanted. Once you face this as a fact, then you can start plotting a course that will make you appear intelligent, instead of unintelligent. What you and I need to do is learn to forget our differences. When we come together, we don’t come together as Baptists or Methodists. You don’t catch hell ’cause you’re a Baptist, and you don’t catch hell ’cause you’re a Methodist. You don’t catch hell ’cause you’re a Methodist or Baptist. You don’t catch hell because you’re a Democrat or a Republican. You don’t catch hell because you’re a Mason or an Elk. And you sure don’t catch hell ’cause you’re an American; ’cause if you was an American, you wouldn’t catch no hell. You catch hell ’cause you’re a black man. You catch hell, all of us catch hell, for the same reason.

 

 

  1. Johnny don’t wanna go to school no mo’, no mo’
  2. Johnny said books ain’t cool no mo’ (no mo’)
  3. Johnny wanna be a rapper like his big cousin
  4. Johnny caught a body yesterday out hustlin’
  5. God bless America, you know we all love him
  6. Yesterday I got a call like from my dog like 101
  7. Said they killed his only son because of insufficient funds
  8. He was sobbin’, he was mobbin’, way belligerent and drunk
  9. Talkin’ out his head, philosphin’ on what the Lord had done
  10. He said: “K-Dot, can you pray for me?
  11. It’s been a fucked up day for me
  12. I know that you anointed, show me how to overcome.”
  13. He was lookin’ for some closure
  14. Hopin’ I could bring him closer
  15. To the spiritual, my spirit do no better, but I told him
  16. “I can’t sugarcoat the answer for you, this is how I feel:
  17. If somebody kill my son, that mean somebody gettin’ killed.”
  18. Tell me what you do for love, loyalty, and passion of
  19. All the memories collected, moments you could never touch
  20. I’ll wait in front a niggas spot and watch him hit his block
  21. I’ll catch a nigga leavin’ service if that’s all I got
  22. I’ll chip a nigga, then throw the blower in his lap
  23. Walk myself to the court like, “Bitch, I did that!”
  24. Ain’t no Black Power when your baby killed by a coward
  25. I can’t even keep the peace, don’t you fuck with one of ours
  26. It be murder in the street, it be bodies in the hour
  27. Ghetto bird be on the street, paramedics on the dial
  28. Let somebody touch my mama
  29. Touch my sister, touch my woman
  30. Touch my daddy, touch my niece
  31. Touch my nephew, touch my brother
  32. You should chip a nigga, then throw the blower in his lap
  33. Matter fact, I’m ’bout to speak at this convention
  34. Call you back-
  35. Alright, kids, we’re gonna talk about gun control
  36. (Pray for me) Damn!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Damn 2017, Malcolm X 1963, 2 men. How do the authors denounce systemic racism and inequalities against people of color using literary techniques? XXX, Message to the grassroots.
  • XXX=> Johnny represents black youth, generality, system not supporting them. Irony is used with “God bless America”, before criticizing. Can shock. Call, they are conflicted about revenge. Religious reasons.
  • Repetitions “touch my” prove his love. The audience relates to Kendrick.
  • Album as a whole=> Many themes, inequalities and racism a lot. Blood, Fox news, police brutality, Lamar denounces. FEAR, fear of being judged because of his skin color. Injustice.
  • Just because he is a black man. Assonances and rhymes throughout the album. Poetic, assimilation easier.
  • The extract=> Short sentences, use of WE. Repetitions “America… Serious problem” inclusion, solidarity, fraternity. Personification of America, as if she is a person that has a problem.
  • You don’t catch hell cause, repetition, and anaphora. Emphasize systemic racism. Not religion, political ideas… Figures of speech everywhere in the whole speech.
  • Speech as a whole=> Unify the black community, call to revolution. Logos, Pathos, and Ethos. Historical facts, back up what Malcolm X is saying. Use the violence of the revolution to prove point.
  • Metaphor of the coffee and black people, Antithesis. Contrast, shock, using words with opposite meanings.
  • Conclusion: Authors are using Logos, Pathos, and Ethos to provoke an emotional response. Why is the global issue important?

Notes Malcolm X

NOTES:

 

 

It isn’t that time is running out — time has run out!

Using a change in tenses.

 

A lot of repetition, usually two times, sometimes more. To make the message clear.

I’m one of the 22 million black people who are the victims of Americanism. One of the 22 million black people who are the victims of democracy

Changing the adjective

Your vote, your dumb vote, your ignorant vote, your wasted vote

The main theme of the speech is repeated a lot.

the ballot or the bullet

Talking about the right to vote for black people, the way the white man is blocking black people from having political power.

This government has failed the Negro. This so-called democracy has failed the Negro. And all these white liberals have definitely failed the Negro.

A rich country, with a lot of poor people, here are black people who work hard and used to work even harder because of racism and slavery. Sacrifice for the white man.

segregation is against the law / A segregationist is a criminal

A lot of violence,

kill that dog, kill him, I’m telling you, kill that dog

 

 

Brothers and sisters, friends and family… friendWe’re all in the same boat: Building credibility (ethos), and establishing a more familiar and intimate relationship with the audience

 

Ballot or the Bullet: Symbolic of the two paths Malcolm believes that African Americans can go on, and also utilizes alliteration with words beginning with ‘b’ to make it capture

 

White men: Malcolm reiterates his point that white men are the oppressors, the enemy, and that ‘we’ should unite in order to fight back

 

If we have differences, let us differ in the closet: Keep conflicts contained and face the common enemy

 

Sitting at the table doesn’t make you a diner, unless you eat some of what’s on that plate: draws an analogy to being an American and being black—though on the surface everyone is accepted, African Americans are treated differently to the “blue eyed things”

 

Spends the majority of the time in pages 1-4 scorning the corrupted systems and Americanism. Pathos is used to emphasize the unjust treatments to African Americans. “camouflage, that’s trickery, that’s treachery, window-dressing”

 

Presents the voting system and democrats as sly and ridiculous, reinforcing the fact that African Americans should stand up against this political exclusion

 

 

 

Page 8 to 12:

Repetition of

nothing but Africans

He says that the white man is scared, frightened.

Talking about other wars where the white man was scared.

Mixing religion and politics is not what he wants, he is Muslim but

A simile, the ballot is like a bullet. A ballot is a weapon.

A ballot is like a bullet. You don’t throw your ballots until you see a target, and if that target is not within your reach, keep your ballot in your pocket.

He talks a lot about

black nationalism

Black people

you and I are supposed to have civil rights

He doesn’t want to be violent as long as:

nonviolently as long as the enemy is nonviolent

Talking about segregation:

So we will work with you against the segregated school system because it’s criminal, because it is absolutely destructive, in every way imaginable, to the minds of the children who have to be exposed to that type of crippling education.

A powerful sentence:

No, if you never see me another time in your life, if I die in the morning, I’ll die saying one thing: the ballot or the bullet, the ballot or the bullet.

The end of the speech

In 1964, it’s the ballot or the bullet.

American Born Chinese, BABY IO

Baby IO:

 

 

The extract:

American-born Chinese, written by Gene Luen Yang. Pages 30 and 31.

The global issue:

Anti-Asian racism in school.

Introduction:

The extract I will be analyzing today is pages thirty and thirty-one of the graphic novel American Born Chinese. In the novel, the theme of Anti-Asian racism is recuring and many extracts could have been used for this global issue, but I wanted to focus on how Anti-Asian racism in school. How is this extract of American Born Chinese denouncing Anti-Asian racism in school using language and techniques? Firstly, I will be analyzing the work as a whole, then I will be looking at the extract and analyzing it.

Analysis work as a whole:

American Born Chinese is a book that has three storylines that are all linked together. The Monkey King, Jin Wang’s story, and Danny’s story. Throughout the book, there are different ways anti-Asian racism is expressed and not only in school. The character of Chink-Kee is portraying the stereotypes of Chinese people in America and in many western countries. He is the representation of almost every stereotype against Asian people, and through him, the other sensibilize the audience to see how many see Asian people. There are also many different moments where Jin Wang and his friends get bullied and mocked for being Asian. One of the problem that is resurfacing because of Racism is the non-acceptation of ourselves. Because The Monkey King and Jin Wang are rejected, they deny their own identity. They are going to change the way they might act and dress to be accepted by their peers and the people they want to impress.

Analysis extract:

In this extract, Jin Wang, the main character of his storyline is getting introduced to the class by the teacher, but she is using the wrong name “Jing Jang”. When the teacher explains where Jin comes from, she says he comes from China, she assumes that shows that she is biased.

Narration blocks are used four times on the two pages. The first narration block is in the first panel. The main character explains the situation, he arrives in a new classroom with a new teacher. In the last three narration blocks that are on the last two panels, Jin Wang explains how there is another Asian girl in his class and that both were victims of bullying. The narration blocks give us information about what happened and what will happen.

The speech bubble close together when the teacher introduces Jin creates an effect of fast reply and automatism. Jin Wang is almost used to these types of comments, or people mispronouncing his name.

On the panel where the boy is asking the teacher, the atmosphere feels heavy and the fact that there isn’t anything apart from the drawing. The situation is awkward it is like people do not know what to do with him. The last two panels with the same size and the same arrangement with only the facial expression of Suzy Nakamura. This creates a feeling of awkwardness and foreshadowing that she might be an important character later in the novel, which she somewhat will be.

Conclusion:

This extract is a small part of the racism and stereotypes that Asian kids can face at school. As Jin Wang arrives at a new school, he faces racism from his peers and the teacher.

Why does this issue matter?

Fighting against racism is really important to live in a peaceful society, as the author wrote a book child-appropriate, this book might be able to sensibilize people, even the younger ones, to this problem.

 

 

 

 

A doll’s house Pre-reading

Context “A doll’s house”

Topic 1: The author

Author: Henrik Ibsen

Born in 1828 in Norway, died in 1906.

Ibsen is often referred to as “the father of realism”

The three historical plays, or dramatic poems, Brand, Emperor and Galilean, and Peer Gynt, written between 1866 and 1873, from a monumental epic

Henrik Ibsen is considered the father of realism in theater because he focused on realistic settings, realistic dialogue, and, most of all, the creation of psychologically realistic characters in his plays.

His distinct literary style, with a blend of satire, irony, and realism separates him from other writers. The recurring thematic strands in most of the writings are poverty, hardships of life, feminism, religious intolerance, self-realization, and the clash between individual and societal pressures.

 

Topic 2: Norway

– Find and include a map of Norway and its location in Europe.

– Describe Norway’s climate.

Western Norway has a marine climate, with comparatively cool summers, mild winters, and nearly 90 inches (2,250 mm) of mean annual precipitation. Eastern Norway, sheltered by the mountains, has an inland climate with warm summers, cold winters, and less than 30 inches (760 mm) of mean annual precipitation.

– Briefly explain Norway’s government and economy.

Government: Norway is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The country is governed by a prime minister, a cabinet, and a 169-seat parliament (Storting) that is elected every four years and cannot be dissolved.

Economy: Norway’s economic freedom score is 76.9, making its economy the 14th freest in the 2022 Index. Norway is ranked 10th among 45 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is above the regional and world averages. Norway’s economy slowed from 2017 through 2019 before growth turned negative in 2020.

– Include information about Norway’s traditional culture.

Norwegians tend to have a strong sense of history and civic engagement and on special occasions, many Norwegians wear traditional clothing, or brands. In Norwegian culture, some of the most important values are tolerance, respect, and equality.

 

Topic 3: Gender roles and social class in the Victorian Era.

 

The Victorian Era was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from June 1837 to January 1901. This period was a golden era for England, it expanded to become the first global power, industrialization.

The society at the time was a class-based society as well as patriarchal. Men were still the center of society while women couldn’t work and have a

In the Victorian era, women were considered inferior to men and their only role was to get married and serve their husbands. The ideal woman was cooking, sewing, innocent, and pretty. She was an angel.

Upper-middle-class women were expected to be ideal women.

Upper-middle-class men were expected to work a normal job.

A suffragette was a woman that was defending her rights! Women did not have the right to vote, divorce or sue.

The new woman=> Demanded social equality, economic, independence, and education.

The current feminist movement is more advanced. In developed countries, women have rights but there are still inequalities persisting.

Topic 4: Marriage in the Victorian Era

Families had a big say into the marriage of two people. In the upper-class marriages, the wife often brought a generous Dowery and enticement for the marriage.

Marriages were considered business deals very few started with love but in some situations, years may have passed, and a couple cold grow tolerable to each other or even find love in the process.

Back then divorce was very look down upon. When someone was to get engaged there was a very deep background that went into it as regarding the families with financial history and political connections.

Topic 5: Realism

Realism, in the arts, the accurate, detailed, unembellished depiction of nature or of contemporary life. Realism rejects imaginative idealization in favour of a close observation of outward appearances. As such, realism in its broad sense has comprised many artistic currents in different civilizations.

 

Baby IO 1 Rhinoceros Reflection:

I focused on Rhinoceros. My global issue was about conformity. I analyzed the past tenses, the repetitions, onomatopoeia, words groups. The pace went well, my vocabulary too. I could have analyzed more and make more connections to the author. My goals are to continue on this same path. But to analyze more for the next one as well as the organisation, a better organization will be better.

 

 

Teacher’s Reflection:

It is a very good oral where Louise did very well compared to our prepared oral session before this mini oral. She overcame her stress and her voice is much more paused and fluid. She develops the analysis of the extract to the whole book with a few references. To improve further, Louise may insist on more evident reference to the authorial choices of Ionesco and answer to the question why or how.. She could also make it more obvious the logical progression by using different connecting words to enhance her analysis in a more convincing manner in order to reach the band 9-10 as it is required.

A 9

B 8

C 8

D 9

Paper 2, Premier

Paper 2 :

 

Comment les personnages sont aliénés par la société ? Deux œuvres.

 

L’aliénation de personnage est un thème souvent abordé dans la littérature du monde entier. L’aliénation d’une personne est le fait de devenir quelqu’un d’autre, de perdre la maitrise de soi ou encore devenir fou. Ici, je comparerais l’aliénation de personnages dans la pièce de Molière Le Tartuffe ainsi que dans la pièce Rhinocéros de Ionesco. Ces deux pièces bien différentes, par leurs époques ainsi que leurs styles d’écriture, ont bien des points communs. Dans ces deux pièces nous trouvons des personnages aliénés par la société mais de différentes manières. Comment les personnages sont aliénés par la société ? Premièrement je verrais l’aliénation d’Orion dans la pièce du Tartuffe. Deuxièmement j’analyserais l’aliénation de tous les personnages dans la pièce Rhinocéros. Et finalement, je comparerais ces deux œuvres.

Dans la pièce du Tartuffe, Orion est le père de famille. Il appartient à la classe sociale de la Bourgeoisie et est un honorable homme. Il fait néanmoins la rencontre de Tartuffe, un faux-dévot, qui vas le manipuler et le tourner contre sa propre famille. Toutes ses relations vont être compromise à cause de son obsession avec Tartuffe et la religion. La relation que Orgon a avec sa femme est mis à mal jusqu’à la fameuse scène où il est sous la table et entend les vraies intentions de Tartuffe. Orgon a été aliène par Tartuffe et la société qu’il représente.

Cette aliénation est visible car Orgon devient une autre personne, il est entièrement dévoué a Tartuffe, qu’il croit être religieux. Il change, alors qu’avant il était un bon mari et un bon père, il contrôle désormais sa fille et ne crois pas sa femme. La société de l’époque lui dicte ce qu’il doit faire, suivre ce que Tartuffe dit car il appartient à l’Église. Au 16ème siècle, être non croyant était mal vu et l’Église dictait tous les faits et geste de la population. Orgon devient influençable, soumis, crédule, aveugle et sourd face à tout autre chose que la religion.

La pièce Rhinocéros écrite par Ionesco dans les années 1950, est une critique du Nazisme. L’auteur utilise la transformation en Rhinocéros des personnages de l’histoire comme métaphore. Ionesco critique le conformisme et l’aliénation de la population, avec l’absurde. Dans la pièce, tous les personnages, sauf le protagoniste Bérenger, se transforme en Rhinocéros. Les transformations sont d’abord en minorité, et elles n’inquiètent personnes. Mais petit à petit, toute la ville se transforme.

Dans cette œuvre, l’aliénation est tout autant physique que mental, les personnages changent de mentalités et de formes. Les deux personnages dont nous suivons le plus la transformation sont Jean et Daisy. Jean est un très bon ami de Bérenger, Daisy est la femme qu’il aime. Daisy veut devenir un Rhinocéros car elle veut faire comme les autres, elle cède au conformisme.

Les deux œuvres présente des formes d’aliénation différentes. Dans Le Tartuffe, seulement Orgon et sa mère, Madame Pernelle sont aliéné, ils sont la minorité. Alors que dans la pièce Rhinocéros, la majorité est aliéné, au point de ne laisser qu’un seul homme « normal ». L’aliénation des personnages par la société est dans ses deux œuvres très différentes. Mais les auteurs ont un but plutôt similaire, dénoncer les travers dans leurs sociétés. Molière dénonce le pouvoir de l’Église sur la société, comment l’Église est puissante et utilise son pouvoir Ionesco dénonce l’absurdité du Nazisme.

Pour conclure, nous pouvons voir le point commun entre tout ses personnages, ils sont devenus des autres sans vraiment être conscient. Mais ces personnages n’ont pas de but néfaste, ils sont justes à la recherche d’un bonheur, surement a la recherche d’un but.

 

 

Baby IO Numero 1, Rhinoceros

Baby IO :

Extrait :

Rhinocéros

Bérenger :

Je ne suis pas beau, je ne suis pas beau. (Il décroche les tableaux, les jette par terre avec fureur, il va vers la glace.) Ce sont eux qui sont beaux. J’ai eu tort ! Oh ! comme je voudrais être comme eux. Je n’ai pas de corne, hélas ! Que c’est laid, un front plat. Il m’en faudrait une ou deux, pour rehausser mes traits tombants. Ça viendra peut-être, et je n’aurai plus honte, je pourrai aller tous les retrouver. Mais ça ne pousse pas ! (Il regarde les paumes de ses mains.) Mes mains sont moites. Deviendront-elles rugueuses ? (Il enlève son veston, défait sa chemise, contemple sa poitrine dans la glace.) J’ai la peau flasque. Ah, ce corps trop blanc, et poilu ! Comme je voudrais avoir une peau dure et cette magnifique couleur d’un vert sombre, une nudité décente, sans poils, comme la leur ! (Il écoute les barrissements.) Leurs chants ont du charme, un peu âpre, mais un charme certain ! Si je pouvais faire comme eux. (Il essaye de les imiter.) Ahh, ahh, brr ! Non, ça n’est pas ça ! Essayons encore, plus fort ! Ahh, ahh, brr ! non, non, ce n’est pas ça, que c’est faible, comme cela manque de vigueur ! Je n’arrive pas à barrir. Je hurle seulement Ahh, ahh, brr! Les hurlements ne sont pas des barrissements ! Comme j’ai mauvaise conscience, j’aurais dû les suivre à temps. Trop tard maintenant ! Hélas, je suis un monstre, je suis un monstre. Hélas, jamais je ne deviendrai rhinocéros, jamais, jamais ! Je ne peux plus changer. Je voudrais bien, je voudrais tellement, mais je ne peux pas. Je ne peux plus me voir. J’ai trop honte ! (Il tourne le dos à la glace.) Comme je suis laid ! Malheur à celui qui veut conserver son originalité ! (Il a un brusque sursaut.) Eh bien tant pis ! Je me défendrai contre tout le monde ! Ma carabine, ma carabine ! (Il se retourne face au mur du fond où sont fixées les têtes des rhinocéros, tout en criant:) Contre tout le monde, je me défendrai ! Je suis le dernier homme, je le resterai jusqu’au bout ! Je ne capitule pas !

Global Issue :

Comment Ionesco développe et montre la question globale du conformisme dans la pièce Rhinocéros 

~ 7 minutes 30 secondes

Option 1

Introduction (45 secondes) :

Cet extrait est le monologue final de la pièce « Rhinocéros ». Juste avant ,Bérenger voit ses collègues et la femme qu’il aime petit à petit choisir de se transformer en rhinocéros. C’est un monologue final et original ou le protagoniste est seul sur scène et clos la pièce. Ce monologue est le questionnement existentiel de Bérenger. Comment Ionesco développe et montre la question globale du conformisme dans la pièce Rhinocéros ? Tout d’abord, j’analyserais l’extrait choisis et les choix de l’auteur lies l’identité de Bérenger et ensuite le lien entre le conformisme et l’œuvre entière. Le conformisme est la tendance à se conformer aux usages, à accepter les manières de penser ou d’agir du plus grand nombre, les normes sociales.

Analyse de l’extrait (3 minutes) :

Dans cet extrait, nous avons une accumulation du pronom personnel « Je ». Cette accumulation nous montre bien la fonction du monologue qui est de comprendre le personnage et ses pensées profondes. Ce monologue final apporte la fin tragique de cette pièce absurde.

Hésitation

Les répétitions pour se convaincre de la juste valeur. Réflexion à l’oral !

L’hésitation est au climax quand il dit « Hélas, jamais je ne deviendrais rhinocéros, jamais, jamais ! »

Onomatopée=> pour imiter le rhinocéros aide avec les didascalies.

Didascalie=> Violence, il hésite aussi. Il se compare, il attend un changement, une métamorphose.

Champ lexical de la beauté=> Relevé les moments où il parle de son apparence, beauté extérieure

Les temps=> Le présent est souvent un présent de vérité général, « je ne suis pas beau ». Passe compose, un regret « J’ai eu tort » « J’aurais dû ». Le futur note un espoir de Bérenger pour des jours meilleurs.

Alternance des temps pour montrer le processus de questionnement.

« Je ne capitule pas » Vocabulaire de la guerre « carabine, capitule, défendrais », le monologue est une guerre contre la rhino cérite. Le présent a valeur de vérité général.

Après l’étude du doute de Bérenger sur sa transformation, nous allons voir l’impact du combat de Bérenger pendant toute l’œuvre

Analyse de l’œuvre entière (3 minutes) :

Dès le début de la pièce nous avons un protagoniste qui se sent diffèrent des autres, comme un étranger dans sa propre communauté. Il n’ait pas attiré par le conformisme social, il se sent mal quand il doit faire comme les autres. La première scène de la pièce nous l’indique bien, lorsqu’il discute avec Jean.

Ses amis ont choisi de devenir rhinocéros, ils ont choisi l’identité commune, ils sont devenus comme tout le monde. Il est simple de faire comme les autres. Suivre sans réfléchir les autres.

Bérenger a du mal à se faire des amis.

La rhino cérite qui touche tout le monde, le conformisme de tout le monde a cette maladie. Symbole de la rhino cérite. Tous les collègues de Bérenger sont attirés par la rhino cérite.

Le totalitarisme avec l’expansion du Nazisme, comment le Nazisme c’est rependu comme une maladie. Ionesco a écrit la pièce en 1959, il s’est base sur le nazisme.

Idéologie sélective de race, qui est privilégié.

L’absurdité : Transformation en rhinocéros mais personne ne sait pourquoi ? Transformation radicale en un animal énorme dans le sud de la France.

L’hésitation et le doute dans l’œuvre entière.

Conclusion (45 secondes)

Le combat/ l’engagement de Bérenger a marqué sa différence.

Résolution du problème=> Il a la réponse à sa question et il s’engage dans son combat en tant que dernier homme.

En fait depuis le début il est différent.

Ouverture=> Battre pour notre identité, valeur, faire

Dilemme, choix cornélien.

? engagement juste et légitime

L’être humain a tendance à vivre en communauté. Mais son combat est-il réaliste ou illusoire?

  • Le monologue final, protagoniste seul. Comment Ionesco développe et montre la question globale du conformisme dans la pièce Rhinocéros ? Tout d’abord, j’analyserais l’extrait choisis et les choix de l’auteur lies l’identité de Bérenger et ensuite le lien entre le conformisme et l’œuvre entière. la tendance à se conformer aux usages, à accepter les manières de penser ou d’agir du plus grand nombre
  • « Je », Onomatopée pour essayer d’être un rhino, Répétition il n’est pas sure. « Hélas, jamais je ne deviendrais rhinocéros, jamais, jamais ! ». Didascalie, Violence, il hésite. Il se compare, il attend une métamorphose. Les temps, Présent de vérité général, « je ne suis pas beau ».
  • Passé composé, un regret « J’ai eu tort ». Le futur note un espoir de Bérenger pour des jours meilleurs. Alternance des temps processus de questionnement. Le champ lexical de la beauté et de la guerre « Je ne capitule pas ». Après l’étude du doute de Bérenger sur sa transformation, nous allons voir l’impact du combat de Bérenger pendant toute l’œuvre
  • Dans l’œuvre général. Bérenger est différent depuis le début, ses amis. Symbole de la rhino cérite, l’expansion du nazisme, pièce écrite en 1959. Choix du rhinocéros. La pièce absurde pour dénoncer le conformisme.
  • Le doute est aussi présent pendant toute l’œuvre. Bérenger est le seul à s’inquiéter, il est angoissé par les rhinocéros.
  • Bérenger combat le conformisme tout comme Ionesco. Bérenger combat sa différence et trouve enfin la réponse à son problème. Combien de temps peut-on résister avant de céder au conformisme ? C’est un choix cornélien.

La maison de Bernada Alba

La Maison de Bernarda Alba :

Grande question générale : Ou est le féminisme dans cette œuvre ?

Les femmes ont droit d’aimer et d’avoir des rêvés.

Pour le 15 :

Gynécée, le climax, la tragédie grecque et les thèmes de la pièce de théâtre.

Federico Garcia Lorca 1898-1936 : auteur du 20eme siècle, il écrit des pièces, ainsi que des poèmes et de la musique. Il est espagnol et est exécuté en 1936. Homosexuel, élevé que par des femmes, entouré que de femmes.

Il y a des théories à propos de cette pièce, certain pense que la pièce est en fait que des hommes qui ne peuvent pas aimer d’autres hommes.

Définition de : Gynécée, et relies cela a notre pièce de théâtre.

Nom Masculin

Gynécée => L’ensemble des organes reproducteurs féminin de la fleur. OU

Une pièce dans la maison réservée uniquement aux femmes, les femmes s’y rejoignent peut importe leurs classes sociales.

Est-ce que cette pièce peut se relier à une tragédie grecque ?

Oui un peu, disons que les codes sont très similaires, le lieu, les personnages, le principe de drame/tragédie, l’action et purger les passions ici L’AMOUR.

Quelles sont les ingrédients de la tragédie grecque ?

Dramatique, langage soutenu, des principes mis à mal.

Le principe des trois unités (défini par le principe de vraisemblance) :

Le lieu : une seule pièce pour une seule scène.

Le temps : temps limité, le temps de la représentation est équivalent au temps de la pièce.

L’action : la tragédie commence là où l’action se modifie.

Le principe de la catharsis : la tragédie doit purger les passions et inspirer terreur et pitié aux spectateurs.

Hypocrisie : des sœurs, de Pepe, Bernarda, des domestiques. De tout le monde…

Relation entre : La Poncia et Adela=>

Est-ce que le personnage de Bernarda n’est est pas la raison de tous ses problèmes ? La pression sociale, elle est trop stricte.

Une pièce de théâtre avec des connotations semi-autobiographique.

Les scènes importantes : La dernière scène, le suicide de Adela.

Acte I : Incipit, les servantes parlent mal de leurs patronne sans elle, rentre dans le feu de l’action. In medias res. Présentation des personnages principaux, et de l’intrigue.

Acte II : Préparation du Trousseau d’Angustias, la dot d’Angustias est très intéressante, tradition espagnole. Préparation des noces. Les jalousies et envies des sœurs, deviennent évidentes, implosion. Les caractères se dévoilent. Climat de terreur, espionnage, rivalité.

Acte III : ‘Climax’.

Didascalie : Chaque acte commence avec « Pièce blanche dans la maison de Bernada. » Implanté le cadre, le décor très minimaliste. Phrase très courte et nominal. Pas de chaleur, pas une maison accueillante, autorité et control de Bernarda.

Les thèmes principaux/intrigue : La liberté, l’amour, la tyrannie.

Contexte historique : Guerre civile espagnol qui commence en juillet 1936, la pièce est achevée en juin 1936.

Les personnages :

Que des femmes sur scène, des hommes mentionnes évidemment mais aucun sur scène. Pepe romano au cœur de l’intrigue pourtant jamais vu sur la scène.

Bernarda : La mère de famille. Blanc et aube. Elle devient l’homme de la maison après la mort de son mari. Plus le pater familias, mater familias. Cache la vérité sur la virginité de sa fille pour l’honneur. Elle veut absolument garder la réputation de sa famille, honneur plus important que l’amour de ses filles.

Angustias : La plus vielle des filles et la moins jolie. Angoisse de ne pas se marier, de finir vieille fille. Sa dot est la seule raison de son mariage.

Magdalena : Madeleine, prénom religieux, elle lavait les pieds de jésus. Sa relation avec son père très fusionnel, la plus proche du père.

Amelia

Martirio : le martyre, jalouse de ses sœurs, frustré. Dit à Adela que Pepe le romano est mort mais il ne l’est pas.

Adela : La plus jeune des filles ainsi que la plus belle, elle est enceinte.

La Poncia

Maria Josépha : Un nom masculin, avec un suffixé féminin. Équilibré, bon sens, moins traditionnel. Marie et Joseph, religieux.

Adela se suicide d’amour, car on l’empêche d’avoir Pepe Romano.

Mon avis sur la pièce : J’ai bien aimé, assez bizarre

 

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