Melissa Song

"First, think. Second, dream. Third, believe. And finally, dare." -Walt Disney

Horror Film Summary

Two friends, Dahun and Harry, enter a board game club and realize there are no teachers or students. Despite this fact, they still continue to search for a board game. Finally, they find a board game that they have never seen before and begin to play it. After Harry asks the boardgame some miscellaneous questions such as “when will I get a girlfriend.” The boardgame answers and Harry becomes shocked by this fact. Then he asks the boardgame if there are any ghosts in the room; the boardgame answers yes. Dahun becomes scared and runs away from the room. Suddenly, weird things begin to happen around Harry when he is alone in the room which causes him to run out of the room as well. During his runaway someone pats his shoulder, he realizes it is Dahun. When his shoulder is tapped again it turns out that it is the monster!!!!!!!!AhHHHhHHHh.

 

Film Making – Final 5 Shots

Film Making – Success Criteria Horror Film

Success criteria Horror film

Film Making – Script

ECU:

I draw myself. I draw my friends. I draw my family,  This is what I do in my spare time.

CU:

Drawing with a pen and a laptop makes me happy. It is the pleasure of my life. Seriously, I hold my pen for 3 hours when I start to draw something.

WS:

Drawing, editing, and again, drawing and editing. It is different from what we draw on the canvas. It is digital. It is not limited to time. It is not limited to space. I just draw with my pen.

OTS:

This is what I can do for myself. The one and only hobby that I have and I love; holding a pen to draw. I keep my mind empty to make the most beautiful art that I can make.

Interesting Shot:

You might not understand why am I attached to drawing. There’s no reason. It’s just because it is my hobby.

Film Making

The Horror Genre

Short Film

·      Describe key elements of the short film (use film language as much as possible)

In a short film, characters are one of the essential elements. We should determine the point of view by deciding who to be the protagonist and antagonist. Characters should have their goals to achieve in the film which basically creates the theme of the whole project. The theme is one basic word that can sum up the whole project which is ideas and morals in the film. In the storyline of the film, there should be; excitements engaging the audience by describing something different from the normal day; climax resulting in the biggest or the most important event in the film that sometimes creates change in the relationship between the characters; resolution expressing the main theme with the ending at the end.

 

Horror Film

  1. Jumpscare: Jumpscare is the technique that is commonly used by horror directors. They often create silence and suddenly give loud sounds or actions to surprise you. Silence creates tension but the sudden sounds and actions break that tension to dramatize the surprise.
  2. Gore: Gore is associated with blood. Some films heavily rely on blood and violence to scare the audience.
  3. Found footage: Horror films often use found footage technique to put the audience into the perspective of the main characters. Found footage does not take smooth shots and then leads to an unpredictable shock to the audience.
  4. Underexpose: The absence of light makes underexposed condition, the obvious technique that the horror directors use. As the audience could not clearly see the settings and the conditions in the film, it creates tension.
  5. Use haze: Haze makes the film create a variety of textures in the scenes. It leads to the mysterious and unique mood to the scene and also have same impact that the underexpose gives to the audience.
  6. Colored lights: Specific color of light evoke particular emotion. For example, red lights make the audience to be unnerved and embarrassed. Natural lights will make you less suspenseful and even lose tension in the scene compared to the use of specific lights.
  7. Dutch tilt: The camera angle being slightly tilted makes the film unique and creates an unsettling feeling to the audience.
  8. Uplighting: In order to create an unnatural-looking shadow, we can set the light under the character’s face. This makes the character’s facial expression to be exaggerated, maximizing the suspenseful or grotesque situation.
  9. Backlighting: Creating silhouette by setting the light behind the characters makes the audience to be curious about that specific character’s feature.
  10. Spotlighting: It is the common investigatory point of view by using flashlights to spot a certain object to emphasize its importance or to clarify its obscureness.
  11. Nonlinear sounds: By using unnatural sounds such as people screaming and distressed animals create suspense and make the audience to be fully engaged in the film.
  12. Infrasounds: Infrared sound is one that exists at 19 Hz or any lower frequency that could not be heard by humans but can be felt by the body. This makes the film spooky without any visible effect.

 

Expectations:

We often expect scary creatures in the horror film to be surprised. Sometimes in horror films, there are many expectations that are common in horror films such as jumpscare and nonlinear sounds. I think it is obvious to expect underexposed conditions, jumpscare, core, and nonlinear sounds in horror films.

citation:

https://www.bulbapp.com/u/elements-of-a-short-film

Classic Horror Film Techniques

https://nofilmschool.com/2018/04/5-lighting-techniques-you-can-use-your-next-horror-film

Cinematography Tips For Horror Filmmakers

https://www.ranker.com/list/horror-movie-tricks-for-scaring-the-audience/jacob-shelton

 

Horror In Context

I believe that culture and historical setting impact how we view and react to horror films. Depends on the audience that the horror film directors targeted, the whole context might be different and the point that director aimed to surprise the audience might also be different. For example, the Korean horror movies “Shadows in the Palace” and “Kingdom” is based on the Joseon era which movie directors targeted the audience of people who have basic knowledge about the history of Korea. As a Korean, I can deeply understand the context of the film which makes me be engaged in the horror film and even feel more scared than others do.

Inspiration for my film

Rather than directly surprising the audience, I might use much of time creating tension for the climax.  Without any obvious features such as haze, gore,  and jumpscare, I would like to create tension by using specific sounds and a variety of colors by adjusting the white balance. Using underexposed conditions with an extreme close up to the face or other objects will help me to make a horror film.

Storyboard

4261_001

Film Making-My Story 5 Shot

Part 1

I would take a film that shows my passion for creating graphic design. I will create a drawing by myself using a laptop and a drawing pen/tablet. I would like to deliver professionalism and my passion engaged in creating graphic design.  Maybe I can interest the audience by zoom in or zoom out my drawing on the laptop to show how I am passionate about it. I can also use my pupils that reflect the light of the monitor that I am working on to show how I am hardworking and professional at.

 

Part 2

ECU:

For the first shot, I will film my hand’s finger typing and drawing using a laptop and a drawing pen. I will make sure my finger and I will try to keep the monitor out of focus. This will emphasize the hardworking of creating one graphic design as the fingers would move fast/busy.

I will use an aperture of 2.8

I will use a 42.5 lens.

I will use a white balance of 4000-5000K

CU:

For the second shot, I will film my face. I will make sure that my eyes are in focus. I might move my pupils fast to show that I am working hard. I will turn off the light in the room or darken the room/background to increase the light that is reflected on my face in order to make my pupils are mirroring the monitor that I am working on. This might even make a deeper emotional connection to the audience by making them focus on my face.

I will use an aperture of 4

I will use a  25 lens.

I will use a white balance of 3000-4000K.

WS

I am going to film my back while I am working on the computer.  This will again focus on the hardworking of myself

I will use an aperture of 5.6

I will use a 25/15 lens.

I will use a white balance of 3000-4000K

OTS

Same with the ECU part, but OTS will focus on the monitor to reinforce and finalize my idea.

I will use an aperture of 4

I will use a 42.5 lens.

I will use a white balance of 4000-5000K

Part 3

For the fifth shot, I will be going to film lots of papers that I worked on drafting my drawing. The papers placed on the table near the tablet that I was working on will be scattered and slightly angled. The papers will be focused and the table will be blurred out. I will use an aperture of 2.8, 42.5 lens, and white balance of 3000-4000K.

Film Making-5 Shots

The 5-shot sequence in Filmmaking is a particular sequence that is used to interest the audiences. The sequence is, Extreme Close Up (ECU), Close Up (CU), Wide Shot (WS), Over The Shoulder (OTS), and any shots that seem to be interesting. ECU is the first shot among those 5 shots, which mainly focuses on the hands. As the name suggests, ECU extremely closes up the particular object such as hands and blurs the background. By only exposing your hand in the video and giving an emphasis only to the hands, the audience might be curious about the content of the video as the video does not fully show what is going to happen next. For the CU, the second shot of the 5-shot sequence is the close-up technique that has a wider shot size than the ECU does but still closing up the particular section. ECU often highlights the face in order to show up the facial expression of the person to show the emotional connection or the action that the person takes by suggesting a limited range of the perspective. We often focus on both eyes in the camera because if we take a CU shot with the side of our face, this might make the camera focus on one eye, not the other which loses the purpose to show the emotion or the action of the person. The third shot is WS, which often shows the whole body or the upper part of the person. This shot frequently focuses on everything that is on the film, but sometimes if the person has to be popped out from the complicated background or the background is unnecessary to the film, we can blur the background a little bit to make the focus on the person. And, the fourth shot, which is called OTS is to show the person’s action by filming beyond the person’s shoulder. By creating a sense of shadow or blurry shoulder, the audience can easily focus on what the person in the film does, as it creates a sense of looking over the shoulder. This shot can use a different perspective that the audience becoming the observer or becoming the person that is in the video. The specific angle that the director uses to illustrate the person is important as it can show the different feelings depends on the angle they take. The last shot is the shot that utilizes any shots that seems to be interesting which can sometimes highlight the object that the person is using or to use similar filming techniques to emphasize the other shots that we used before.

Extreme Close Up Shot

As the director focused on the hand of someone, the director can lead the audience to provoke curiosity. The director somewhat blurred the background of the film to focus on the hand  to emphasize and to make the audience attracted by it.

 

Close Up Shot

This photo is from the horror movie where the characters go to the psychiatric hospital and filming themselves to upload the video on YouTube. After they face the ghost in the hospital, the shot changes into a close-up shot to show the characters shivering with fear. A close Up shot is used in the movie to provide the emotional connection between the characters in the movie and the audience.

 

Wide Shot

The director utilizes Wide Shot in order to express magnificence of the character and to highlight what the character is doing by appropriately using the background. The background is a little bit blurred to make the person clearer from the film.

 

Over The Shoulder Shot

One of the scene from the Harry Potter movie uses Over The Shoulder Shot to effectively deliver the emotion of the character. WIth the conversation between Voldemort and Harry Potter using OTS shot maximizes the tension of the movie by making the audience to be directly involved in that situation.

Independent Project – Create & Improve

Prototype

First of all, I tried to make a prototype of the product. It was very simply designed as it has no color and is only made with Illustrator. The prototype was not the thing that I expected from the original plan. Then, I thought it was oversimplified as I tried to focus on simple rather than function. So, I decided to add color and some other factors to it.

Revision

I used my drawing tablet and a new drawing app, Medibang, the Japanese drawing app. I tried to apply blue, the symbolic color of ISB, and add the instructions such as several labels and ‘add sticker here’ to indicate where to put something.

I personally enjoyed drawing the ISB dragon in the way that I interpreted it with IPad. I learned how to use the Procreate App and Apple Pencil. I got the color code from the ISB dragon in Dragon’s Gate and applied it to make it more relevant to the ISB symbol. Later, I put several logos there, such as email addresses, the name of the school, and the abbreviation of the school name in the center. I asked my classmates and friends about the colors and logo, and they said that the original color that I used seems somewhat kindergarten-ish, which high school students might not feel attractive as it is too bright. So, I decided to use the color that I extracted from the ISB logo and apply it to the whole design.

Later, I created stickers and other versions of the study planner, which was especially for ISB students. I highly relied on my classmates and friends to get what would really work and what wouldn’t. I thought that the Club Day and Schedule for the ISB students were unique and different from other international schools, so I made a special design.

This is the final photo of my finished design. I tried to change my design’s color at the end of the project, but I was not able to, as my Photoshop does not work with the mockup PSD file. I emphasized the ISB logo, which I interpreted in a somewhat different and vivid way, which I tried to make students not be afraid of studying by planning.  I focused on the requirements that the participants of my survey wanted. This helped me start and improve my design as it was the foundation of what I preferred to make. We can infer from the design that it is intended to target the ISB students who need to plan for study. It would positively impact the others as it solely functions as a study planner and has nothing to disturb students from studying. For example, when we create a study planner as an app, although it would make them more convenient when they use laptops, it would make them disturbing as there are lots of things such as YouTube and Instagram to waste time on it. However, a study planner as a notebook does not have anything to interrupt the study, which would make them have effective studying. As it is aimed just for studying, it applies to the students, positively impacting their study.

Reflection

Is your design successful, or does it still need further refinement?

It still needs further refinement as I don’t satisfy my design. It does not deliver the message what I tried to tell and does not fully appeal to the audience as it is not finished yet.

What went well in your process, and what did you enjoy?

I think creating the ISB LongLong logo went really well as I enjoyed making it. It was a useful experience to use IPad and Apple Pencil, and the Procreate app.

What didn’t go so well?

I felt it was hard to satisfy all of the students’ requirements. Also, as the study planner already has lots of designs on the internet, it was hard to make it unique and well function.

What would you do differently next time?

I would like to change the study planner’s shape or target the different audiences to make a difference in making the study planner.

 “I would like to make a study planner that entertains and encourages people to study by creating plans. If the design does not mass up the original purpose but fully encourages the targeted users, this might create a successful design.”

Based on the success criteria that I mentioned above, I thought that I couldn’t meet the criteria as it was not also appealing to me. My friends were also critical about my design, which shows that my product is not as successful as I expected. I think I did well in representing the product’s targeted audience by drawing a logo on it. The color scheme, however, was monotonous, which seems that the planner becomes even less desirable to buy. I would like to get rid of the audience and try even daring challenges to make big differences. I would further work on colors and investigating the functions and compositions needed.

Graphic Design Independent Project Reflection (2)

Determining the Audience

I first drew a mind-map to organize my thoughts. I divided it into three categories; audience, colors, and format. I determined my targeted audience as English/science/math learners. I got feedback from others that my audience is too broad to define. So, I narrowed down the range of the audience as ISB students. This made me further develop the format/template of the study planner.

Selecting Colors for Study Planner

I then tried to figure out which colors and style I would use. I first thought that using blue and white might be necessary as it symbolizes ISB. Besides, I considered using pink and purple to create a balanced and harmonized color scheme in the study planner, but as I determined the style of the planner to be simple, modern, and tidy, I decided not to use it.

Format/Template

I divided the format category into five little sections; stickers, basic template, English, science, and math.  According to the survey I conducted to 20 of the 10th-grade students,  most of the students wanted a time recording section, stickers, a well-structured template, large spaces to write, bookmark, less rigid structure, listing homework with priorities, and description about functions in the study planner. I tried to put all of them into the format section where most of the requirements are put in the basic template. I also tried to put some additional templates for specific subjects just for aesthetic purposes. While most of the basic needs are achieved in the basic template, I put other specific requirements in stickers which is to provide a variety of options to the audience.

Detailed Plan

The picture above explains how I am going to display and produce a design product. I would like to produce my design product with 14cm x 21cm size with 6 ring note. The design would be displayed by putting various templates near the study planner to show the options.  I would like to display it by either printing out my plan or creating a real product and display it in PTA.  If I have to decide which materials to use in producing a study planner, I would use imitation paper. When I searched on the internet, I found that many people use thick imitation papers to produce a book which I thought it would suit my product as I need papers that are easy to write but not slick as A4 paper is. Also, the label stickers would be necessary to make my design as the stickers would have to be able to write on it. With my prediction, creating a design would take approximately 7days.

Techniques I use

The picture above is the Padlet page that I made last time. According to the picture, I referenced several videos to make a study planner. As this project is completely different from what I have done before in Graphic Design, I approached this project in a different way as I decided to use InDesign, Photoshop, and IPad (Procreate) to make it. Several special skills I need is to get used to using Adobe apps.

Support

I think I can get help from my friends and classmates as they are the targeted audience. I would also ask for help for using specific techniques in Adobe apps to teachers as they are professional at using it. Videos on the Internet may also help me to further develop my skills.

Prototypes

These designs are the prototype of my design project. I first developed my first prototype before I created a detailed plan which is the first picture. I thought that the first design does not fully fit with what I pursue as it contains lots of shapes and aesthetic elements but does not seem to function as the study planner. I then developed a second prototype as it contains specific details. I emphasized function rather than decorations and added functional stickers on it. I later also developed the template for ISB students where it specialized into clubs, exams, schedules, etc.

Success Criteria

  • When students feel eager to use a study planner without any external forces, and burdens, then the project is successful
  • When people actually get satisfied with their grade after using the study planner (better score/GPA than before)/ actual targeted audience feel satisfied) the the product succeeded
  • How many study planners students took in PTA (If possible that I can give study planner to students/ not for earning money)
  • Surveying 2 or more students to use the study planner and ask for truthful replies. When they have positive comments, it would be a successful product.

Next Goal

Put the plan into practice and to find several flaws in the plan to revise.

Try to revise my plan after the first attempt to make the product.

Prepare every material that I need (ex. IPad, mouse for using the computer, a piece of paper to further develop the plan)

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