Polymer Journal #1

https://www.canva.com/design/DADaHeJ8KWg/TK3TGJRN2f-h9ydaCDjubA/view?utm_content=DADaHeJ8KWg&utm_campaign=designshare&utm_medium=link&utm_source=sharebutton

Citations 

“Natural Resources & Synthetic Materials.” Natural Resources & Synthetic Materials | Chapter 6: Chemical Change | Middle School Chemistry, www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter6/lesson12.

Francois, Carol, and Bronwyn Harris. “How Is Nylon Made?” WiseGEEK, Conjecture Corporation, 12 May 2019, www.wisegeek.org/how-is-nylon-made.htm#didyouknowout.

Perkins, Sid. “Explainer: What Are Polymers?” Science News for Students, 13 Oct. 2017, www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/explainer-what-are-polymers.

Perkins, Sid. “Explainer: What Are Polymers?” Science News for Students, 13 Oct. 2017, www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/explainer-what-are-polymers.

Pictures

https://image.shutterstock.com/image-vector/organic-chemistry-icon-shady-style-260nw-1016155831.jpg

http://cdn.onlinewebfonts.com/svg/img_493802.svg

https://www.shareicon.net/data/512×512/2016/08/20/817702_film_512x512.png

Feed Characterisation

Imagine yourself flying to the moon where there are many stores and places to keep you entertained for hours. Go to a restaurant and eat with your friends, and at night, go to a night club to dance. Sounds fun right? The book Feed is set in the dystopian future where people have something called a “feed” in their brain. Feed is an advanced technology and entertainment system that is kind of like our phones today, giving us notifications, buy stuff, and it’s also a social network. The one of the main characters, Titus, is a teenage boy that went to the moon with his friends. He meets the other main character, Violet, and when they went to a party, a mysterious man hacked their feed. Waking up in the hospital, they learn about what happened to them, and that changed their life, personality, and thoughts. The character I chose to show their characterization in the book is Violet Durn.

Violet is someone who is tall and cold when you first meet or see her appearance. Throughout the book, in the beginning, Violet was the kind of girl who is smart and an introvert person. She isn’t interested in any trend and she very actual, like someone who is realistic. She isn’t the type of person who is chill, and that makes her unpopular. These things make her independent at the end. Violet is a teenage girl who is really smart. “And I sat there with my palms pressed into my forehead, thinking about Violet, at home being smart.” (pg. 110) When Titus saw her, he couldn’t stop starring at her. “She was the most beautiful girl, like, ever. She was watching our stupidity.” (pg. 13) “She had short blond hair. Her face, it was like, I don’t know, it was beautiful.” (pg. 13) Even though they got together, there are still times when Titus or his friends don’t like her personality. After the incident happened, Violet wanted to make herself an anonymous person, so feed couldn’t recognize her. When she talked about political topics or when she was talking about all these complicated things, Titus didn’t really like who she was at that time. “I hated it when she got like this, because then she wasn’t herself, I mean, she wasn’t like this playful person who drags me around the mall doing crazy shit…” (pg. 111) Lastly, she can be a little too sensitive which can be a good and a bad thing, but that leads to her being serious about the problem. “I breathed, loud and kind of angry. Why are we going away? Because they are making fun of me… well, maybe you shouldn’t, you know show off like that.” In the end, because of her awareness towards her malfunction, she becomes independent. Since she is actually smart, that helps her go through this journey, while Titus and his friends are still “controlled” by feed. Being independent is always a good way to solve problems, because you trust yourself.

I think Violet connects to this superhero in DC. Wonder woman. The world today has been aware of gender inequality and I think both characters show that there are female heroes. In the Wonder woman movie, she has been displayed as a character who is strong, independent, and compassionate hero. In some ways, Violet can relate with her personality. First off, wonder woman meets a boy who is a spy called Steve Trevor, but she leaves him to go fight in the war. Violet meets Titus but, in the end, she broke up with him and went by herself trying to fight feed. Wonder woman is the type of person who is devoted to her goals and has great belief and confidence in herself. Even when she goes through hard challenges, she eventually succeeds. To be invisible from feed, violet takes her time, gathering all the information and materials to do so. Even when Titus doesn’t help her, she would manage things by herself. When Titus friends have the opposite opinion as her, she sticks with it until the end, making her someone who is persistent, like Wonder woman. Lastly, curiosity leads both of them to find out the truth about the problem that everyone thinks it’s for the better. In the end, they both did it, either by themselves, or with the help of some family members, but, they both trusted and depended on themselves to make that change. “It’s not about what we deserve. It’s about what we believe.”- Wonder woman

Chinese Cultural Revolution Journal

The journal is written by a 17-year-old girl named Cheng Mei Ling as she goes through the Chinese Cultural Revolution. From the massacre, to leaving her brother because of the “Up the Mountains, down to the countryside” movement, and then finally Mao’s death, she learned many new things and faced different challenges. As she journeys through this revolution, she is faced with the challenge of doing thing by herself with no one to help her. From her days at school to hard work in the countryside, from a nice neighborhood to street filled with the blood from the struggles of people, she learned that everything comes with a price. As she faced conflict by herself, she also learned thatwhen you need help, turn to your family, but when there’s no family, turn to yourself. The big theme in my story is that everything comes with a price. She had to work hard in order to survive the harsh life in the countryside while having to worry about keeping her thoughts about Mao safe. In return of the hard work, she was able to go through the hard times of the revolution and make it alive. This not only applied to her, but the whole country sacrificed people and blood and in return, it shaped our modern society.

Why do revolutions happen? Some revolutions happen when one person gives an idea. People gets “brainwashed” and then does anything to achieve it. Some, on the other hand, has two groups of people who have different ideas about something. The start an argument and that leads to conflict (war) between each other. While others are when a group of lower-middle class workers are tired and sick of how they are treated. Then, one class tries to eliminate the other. Sometimes, the people are not satisfied with their leaders of they aren’t doing things for their country, they would revolt and soon, it would start a war.

 

The Chinese Cultural Revolution in Plain English

The Chinese Cultural Revolution in Plain English

By: Christina, Tina, Annarosa (A.C.T)

The big idea that it showed about revolutions is that people who are dedicated and inspired by a leaders idea, follow and support him/her, when he/she is trying to change the society, by starting a revolution or an act. The Chinese Revolution also displayed a key point that sparked conflict also in other revolutions, which is the difference in social classes. One of many reasons revolution happens is where a class tries to eliminate another. “A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, king, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another.” “Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan” (March 1927), Selected Works, Vol 1, pg.28 This quote from Mao shows his perspective of what a revolution is like. Even though a revolution can be a good thing, trying to make your country better, but with that comes sacrifice and bloodshed. To achieve the main goal of the revolution, people would have to suffer and endure the conflicts(wars/famine). Even with these conflicts, in the end, we gain new experiences and it leaves behind important ideas that we learn from.

The Red Scarf Girl by, Jiang Ji-li

The Red Scarf Girl

by: Ji-li Jiang

The main character is a girl called Jiang Ji-li. The book talks about Jiang Ji-li, a 12 year old girl and what she experienced throughout the Cultural Revolution. From being a confident girl, to a girl who felt scared think if she was going to arrested anytime. From a leader, da dui zhang, to being a girl that felt insecure because of her family being in the Five Black categories(Landlord, writers, counter-revolutionists, people who had negative effects, the wealthy, rich farmers). From the starts of the revolution, she went through having to get her housed searched many times, her dad being detained, and was forced to go to the countryside.  Some other important characters who played a big part in the book is her family and some of her friends. Families members like dad, sister, and little brother who accompanied her throughout the book. She also had her best friend with her throughout the Cultural Revolution.

When people get persuaded by a leader’s ambition, they will try all they can to achieve it. This book has some topics on leadership and how that one leader’s idea changed the people in China and their thoughts. In the beginning, Jiang Ji-li was a very good student, top of her class, and was da dui zhang (leader in Chinese). She thought that if she was the leader and if she was the top of her class, she would be the best and get into a good school. After the Cultural Revolution started, her image of being a leader was gone because her family was one of the Five Black Categories. “I tell you, jiang Ji-li, you’d better stop thinking you’re the da dui zhang. It’s the Cultural Revolution now, and there are no da dui zhangs anymore. You’re not the chair of anything now.” (Yin Lan-lan, pg. 69) Mao, the one that started the Cultural Revolution gained more power, becoming a leader everyone admired. Mao had an idea of changing China, and in the meantime, people started to follow him, supporting him. Red Guards played an important role in the book. Red Guards started struggle sessions, raided people’s houses, and detained my people, including Ji-li’s dad. “Chairman Mao told us we would never succeed until we destroyed the “Four Olds” and established the “Four News.” (Jiang Ji-li, pg. 21) Cause of Mao’s ambition to maintain China’s Communism, people followed him, did anything to get rid of the “Four Olds” (old ideas, old customs, old habits and old culture) or people that had them, and killed many people to reach it, even if was denouncing their own family members. Was it actually worth it? Would you do this to your own kind of people? Sometimes we get brainwashed into this and we forget other things we should be aware of. “No matter what I did and where I went, the Cultural Revolution followed me.” (Jiang Ji-li, pg. 141)

 

Where in our solar system should NASA focus future missions?

Claim: In the future, NASA should focus more on exploring in Saturn’s rings, on a moon called Enceladus.

Evidence: In the Newsela article about searching for life beyond Earth, they found out that in Saturn’s rings, they found a moon that may contain life. NASA found hydrogen molecules in the geysers of Enceladus. The chemical reaction and tart life for microbes. “We now know that Enceladus has almost all of the ingredients that you would need to support life as we know it on Earth,” Linda Spiker said. Scientists found a lot of hydrogen which living organisms need so there may be life or contain life there. Hydrogen and carbon dioxide under means that undersea microbes are producing methane gas. This is what microbes do deep below Earth’s oceans.

Reasoning: NASA should focus more on exploring Enceladus because if one day Earth can’t sustain life, we will have another place where we can go, since scientist have found things that contribute to sustaining life. Enceladus has many natural fountains. Water is an important thing we need in order to survive.  This can not only help us in the future, but this discovery can also help us advance our knowledge about outer space and our solar system. This can also show that there is life outside of earth.  “We still have a long way to go in our understanding,” said Seewald, who was not involved in the study. “Future missions to explore oceans beyond Earth will answer many of these questions.”

 

 

How big is our solar system?

Our universe contains 10 planets and billions of stars. Our solar system has 10 planets. They are separated in different groups according to their characteristics. When we did the activities in the last two days, we learned about the diameter or the actual planet and the actual distance from the sun. We converted the diameter into centimeters so 1 cm=50,000 km and we converted the actual distance from the sun, so it was actual distance divided by 100 equals the scaled distance. We took those scaled measurements and went around ISB mapping their distances. Even though we know a lot of things in our solar system, there is still many things outside we haven’t explored.

The planets in order, from the closest distance from the sun to the furthest, starting from the Sun is Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (if you count that. As a planet). The planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, all have similar characteristics, so they are in a group called terrestrial planets. Gas giants, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, are made out of gas. That means their density is less, but they are bigger than terrestrial planets. They are also further away from the sun.

From our experience when we were mapping the planets outside on the field and the track, we used the scaled distance (meters). It took the whole class time to map it and when we got to Mars, it took a long time to walk to Jupiter. We had to walk another 110 meters. Even though it was the scaled distance, it took a long time. We had to run starting at the dome to the baseball field. After that, as we mapped the rest of the planets, we went around the baseball field and walked around the track once and then finished it at the cafeteria door, the one close to the dome. From this, it changed my mind on how big our solar system is. Since we scaled it, it took a long time but if we didn’t scale it and went with the actual number, it would take a long time. Mercury is 11.6 meters away from the sun, and the furthest planet from the sun is Pluto, 1180 meters. The actual distance from one planet to another is a very large number. It would take us a long time get to another planet not close to us. Our solar system is big, but it isn’t the biggest thing.

The Mendocino Complex Fire

Wildfire in California


http://www.fox10phoenix.com/news/us-world-news/mendocino-complex-fire-is-now-the-largest-fire-in-ca-state-history

“We broke the record,” said Scott McLean, a deputy chief with Cal Fire. That is the state’s fire department. “That’s one of those records you don’t want to see.” A fire started in Northern California. The Mendocino Complex Fire is technically two fires burning with about an hour’s distance between them, the Ranch Fire and the River Fire. Two fires started and then they combined forming a massive fire scorching more than 304,402 acres of land. Many homes were destroyed, and cities had to evacuate. Many plants and environments were destroyed too. This wildfire started on July 27, 2018 and it ended on September 18, 2018. Temperatures in California had increased rapidly. The extreme heat can also cause other wildfires. This event is really important, and this had a big impact on us because currently we have global warming, and this can affect it. The fire scorching trees and plants could make global warming even worse. Since there is poor air quality because of the fire, pollution will get worse. There will also be less oxygen. With this event, we can reflect back to ourselves and that gives us a warning why we shouldn’t do things that can cause a fire.

I think this event was huge and it impacted California. Since I live there, I’ve seen some wildfires but not so destructive as this one. “The area covered by the fire is about one-and-a-half times the size of New York City.” (Newsela Article) From maps and statistics of the fire, I can tell that this might be one of California’s largest fires. “It is now the largest wildfire in modern California history, scorching more than 304,402 acres” (Newsela Article).
think this event was very devastating thing, but this can help us in the future. “It is extremely fast, extremely aggressive, extremely dangerous,” said McLean. “Look how big it got, just in a matter of days. … Look how fast this Mendocino Complex went up in ranking. That doesn’t happen. That just doesn’t happen.” Not a lot of people died, but environments were destroyed, but this event already ended so it’s ok. I think that this also had a big impact on global warming. People can know that we should stop smoking because that is how most people start fires. “Years of drought have created ripe conditions for large-scale wildfires that spread rapidly. Of the five largest wildfires in state history, four have occurred since 2012.” After this event happened, I think and I want people to pay more attention to this and how this affects our world.

Sources

“Palaces, fortresses and ancient cities in Yemen destroyed by civil war.” NEWSELA, November 11, 2018.

“War-torn Yemen is losing the fight against famine.” SCMP, November 21, 2018.

“Yemen: injured Houthi rebels evacuated, raising hope of peace talks.” Guardian, December 3, 2018.

The Boxer Rebellion

The Boxers killed and massacred many people because of Westerners coming and influencing their country. They brought Christianity and other things that influenced China. The Boxers only killed them because they wanted to keep their countries traditions and cultures, so I think the Boxers don’t deserve a bad rap.

“Friends for Life” by Andrew Norriss book cover

My book “Friends for Life”, by Andrew Norriss is about a little boy, Francis, meeting a ghost called Jessica. They help other children that are in trouble and change their personality and make them a better version of themselves. Jessica helps the kids at school but what is her real purpose. Why is she still here and why can Francis and the other kids see her? [spoiler alert!] At the end, another girl tries to suicide, but Jessica told Francis and they were able to save her. After that, Jessica slowly faded into the moonlight. I think that, that is why Jessica was there. To stop someone making the same mistake as her. “If it’s true,” she said, “that I’m here to stop you all making the same mistake I did, and I’ve done it… why am I still here?” Her purpose of staying there is because she was supposed to stop the kids form making the same mistake as her, suiciding.

“The conflict is man vs self and man vs society. It talks about something that is happening all around the world, which is suicide(man vs self). Also stressing out in school and being bullied(man vs society). I think the theme is about friendship  and the it’s not to late to change. To change to become a better person, version of yourself.

For my book cover, I had a lot of symbols representing the theme of the book. You can see Francis and Jessica on the ground. The tree symbolises growth. Francis, Jessica, and the other two kids grew a lot in this book. Not only their age, but their personality and them as a person too. The sunset and the moon also represents change. The colors of the flower are pink. Pink represents friendship. The warm colors of the sunset, red, orange, and yellow, also represents love and happiness. When the four of them were together, they felt happy. Blue, purple, and black represents sadness and lost. When Jessica died, Francis and Jessica’s family were sad. Also black represents death(death of Jessica). The two birds in the tree represents trying to achieve something and freedom. “Do you have ant idea,” she said eventually, “why you can see me, when no one else can?” “No,” said Francis. “Do you?” “Not really.” Jessica looked up. “But I wonder if maybe you were the one who could tell me what I was meant to do next.” (pg. 21) They achieved saving someones life and the purpose of why Jessica was there.

“It was , like so many things in life these days, absolutely delicious.” (pg. 231) In the end, they realise how great and precious their lives are. Even though its hard, there will be happy and sweet things too.

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