Cuban Revolution Video

Alex Zhao, Max Wong

The Cuban Revolution happened between 1952-1959 and was a chaotic time for Cuba. In 1952, the former president of Cuba Fulgencio Batista conducted a military siege and controlled the country after then. He let a large number of American businessmen into the country and they controlled 70%of fertile land and a lot of the industry. A university student studying in the university of Havana called Fidel Castro became eager to fight for change and started gathering people in his university. A year later, they stormed the Moncada Barracks on July 26 and it was a complete failure with most of the Rebels jailed or killed. Fidel Castro himself surrendered and was sentenced to prison for 15 years. However, he was released 2 years later only to find that Batista is trying to kill him. Luckily, he was able to escape to Mexico and regroup the Rebels. There, he met Che Guevara and they returned to Cuba a year later. In 1956, they were forced into the mountains and a 2-year battle in the Sierra Maestra. In the mountains, Fidel Castro used a tactic called Guerilla warfare where they hit and run. Batista’s army was not used to the mountains and were suffering a lot of defeat. 2 years later, Fidel Castro fought out of the mountains and began to control a lot of government locations and other buildings such as oil plants. Batista was defeated and fled to Florida before the new year. Fidel Castro established a Communist country later on and became friends with the Soviet Union.