Homero Chaves was a man that didn’t care about anything except for the security of his business and his only family, his son Audacto. It matter who was in power, or what other people were doing, as long as they didn’t take away his son or shop. But then the Cuban Revolution happened. Faced with the ideological difference between the now-revolutionary Audacto and himself, he is forced to re-evaluate who and what he cares about.
Homero may be optimistic about the future of Cuba post-revolution, but that’s only because he was a anti-Batista person from the working class in the early stages of the new Cuba. There were quite a few people dissatisfied with Castro, and more of the working class would become disillusioned with Castro later on.
For the middle class and the upper class, land was being seized from them and redistributed among the poor farmers as part of the Agrarian Reform Castro implemented. The Agrarian Reform also barred foreign entities from owning Cuban land. Whereas before the rich and the foreign companies held a vast majority of the land before, now they had lost quite a bit of it. All of this sounds great, especially when you consider the fact that those who lost land were compensated in bonds, but the loss of their property caused a lot of middle class professionals, like doctors, to leave Cuba. This led to a shortage of skilled workers.
For old Batista supporters, they had to flee the country or risk persecution. There were public trials of Batista supporters held in stadiums where the crowds cheered for the execution of those from the old regime. Whether or not the public trials were kangaroo courts is debated, but the fact still stands that Batista was not a popular name in Cuba after the revolution, which is why large numbers of Batista supporters had to leave.
Against Castro’s socialism? Want elections so you can elect a leader that you actually want? Tough luck if that was you in Cuba post revolution, because Castro was as undemocratic as Batista before him. He at least tried to keep up a facade of democracy, at first placing a president and prime minister into office immediately after the revolution, and establishing a National Assembly later in 1976, but these were all empty gestures as Castro actually had so much power as commander in chief that the president resigned after 7 months in power, knowing that he had no power and was but a figurehead. Worst of all, the elections Castro promised would happen in 1961. were cancelled, and none were ever held again during his reign. Dare to criticize Castro? That’s a mistake, because Castro’s new government had another similarity they shared with Batista, and that was a secret police to take out dissidents. As Cuba became increasingly undemocratic and socialist, more and more people, not just from the upper classes, began leaving Cuba.
Cuba suffers from supply shortages today because of their inefficient economic system. The millions of people who left Cuba should indicate how successful the revolution really was.