English Reading Reflection

I think one interesting thing I had noticed when reading my current book, The Hunger Games, was that even within this dystopian world, there are countless ties you can make to our current world and society. I think this book has done a great job in creating convincing characters because even in this crazy situation, you emphasise with the characters. One way I think the author did this was by creating genuine and strong relationships between the characters, this way, it would create a more believable world. I would definitely recommend the novel to other readers. The book is incredibly enticing and well written, in my opinion.

In terms of the individual characters, the author has made their traits very authentic. For example, Katniss, the main character, is very reluctant to trust anyone around her. Through recalling prior memories and developing her character through the interactions she has with other people, you start to really understand Katniss and the other characters. This, in my opinion, is one thing this book does very well.

Design Studio: Independent Project; Define & Inquire

Design Studio: Design Brief 

Eric Ho

Design problem:

At ISB, personally, I feel as though there is a minimal selection of locations we a student can quietly and comfortably do homework or record something. For us, basically, we have the couches at the entrances, the cafeteria, and the library, which closes at 4:30. Time and time again, I have had to compromise and just go to the cafeteria. 


Considering the problems I have individually faced as a student, I think my target audience for the space I am designing would primarily be middle school and high school students at ISB. Teachers and staff may be an additional audience; they may use the space to record audio clips for their students, .i.e. language teachers. Counsellors may use the space to have sessions with their students, and the same for the teachers, to do tests etc. 


The purpose of my space would be to provide an area where students are able to do their work quietly and do things like record audio without interruptions from corridors, etc.  


The purpose of my space would be to provide an area where students are able to do their work quietly and do things like record audio without interruptions from corridors, etc.  


My goals would be to create a feasible and comfortable space that may theoretically appeal to the problems I have outlined. 


As for the creation of a model or concept, I would need laser cutting equipment, such as wood or acrylic, and for sketching, an iPad and apple pencil. If we were designing the actual space, then maybe we can incorporate recycled plastics in the construction of it, but for a model, that would be much harder. 

Mentors, assistance

Who can help you with your project? E.g.:

  • Teacher
  • Design Assistants
  • Audience/user representative
  • The people in charge of the implementation of new spaces in ISB
  • Feedback from Students; gathering information 
  • Ask others about if others impact their workflow and productivity.

Embedded Padlet:

Made with Padlet


Key Points from Padlet:


The takeaway from 9th Grade Space:

The 9th-grade space, I think, is actually a great area to study; however, there are many limitations. Personally, I often have classes in this area, and due to the fact that this area is practically a corridor, there are constantly students, staff, and Sodexo workers moving through space. Additionally, whenever these people pass through during my class, it consistently disturbs the teachers and then disrupts the class. Nevertheless, when the room is massively packed like it so often is during study hall and classes, this is, as I’ve said, a great space to study. The is natural sunlight coming from the windows and conveniently placed chargers, but the fact that this space is not really accessible being on the third floor. My intention for my own space is that I can bring all the significant characteristics of this space, such as placement of chargers, etc., downstairs into a more accessible place and without such hindrances.


The cafeteria is a very versatile place but has many disadvantages. The furniture lacks proper support and plain comfort, but even this can be disregarded. On Wednesdays, my swim practice ends at around 5:05, and I am forced to go to the cafeteria to wait for the 6 pm bus, and that is pretty much the only place I can go. Furthermore, in the cafeteria, there are around only three charges that can be accessed, which are all in awkward positions; I am often forced to sit at a table, where other people are also using the charger, and I have to study for around 50m until I can leave. In addition to this, I also frequently have to record audio, whether for Chinese or another class, but the cafeteria is far too loud. In fact, one time, I submitted a recording I had done in the cafeteria, and the teacher had marked me down a grade because the environment was too noisy. My aim with my space would be to remedy this problem and to ensure no further students will be penalised for a noisy environment.

Airplane First Class Cabins:

Designers and architects are challenged to create cabins that can accommodate hundreds of people while still instilling feelings of leisure within people. For my project, I am focusing particularly on first-class cabins, as these are environments designed to exude luxury and sophistication. I think my main take-away from these spaces is to include features that will make the user feel fortunate. An example is a minibar; some airlines will include small snacks and drinks in your seat; this is a unique feature that will advance the space. One particular idea I had in terms of my High-School audience is that I could implement speakers that students can connect to and play music; additionally, the speakers can always be playing to create a sort of “zen” atmosphere, as inspired by the Zen school. Moreover, These speakers can or may not be connected to the school intercom system.

Apple/Google HQs:

One prominent thing about these spaces is that there are windows everywhere, and this brings in natural light, an excellent attribute all around. Though I want this space to be one of productiveness, I have learned that one must take breaks and often just relax, even during periods of focused study; within these headquarters, there are many features installed to instil a creative mindset and one of relaxation. Taking this into consideration, I would want my space to have a “Fun Factor”, additionally, I know Amber is also trying to bring A sense of “Enjoyment” into her wellness space, though not the exact same thing; however, the same intention, to better the lives of students. This fun factor can be a variety of things, i.e. a TV, students can use etc.


Additional Crucial Things That May Improve the Space Further. 

Reference: https://www.archdaily.com/959085/interior-wellbeing-the-design-of-educational-spaces?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_all


 Natural Light

A Pattern Language, the seminal book by Emeritus Profesor of Architecture at UC Berkeley, Christopher Alexander – mentions the fact that low light levels in classrooms affected students’ ability to regulate the body’s natural cycle of sleep and arousal. The Community Primary School for Girls in Keheme, Sierra Leone, designed by Orkidstudio, achieves this with the presence of large openings in the wall coupled with the presence of a raised roof, which in addition to providing ventilation also allows the classrooms to be light-filled, inviting spaces.
Closeness to nature
Studies show that incorporating plants in the classroom improves the grades of middle school students – and makes students and staff feel more comfortable, regardless of their age. O-office Architects’ Hongling Experimental Primary School contains greenery interspersed within its campus, providing for a welcome presence of nature amidst the interior design of the building.

Target Audience: 

*Photos are taken by me
*Taken in the new PA hallway around 11 months ago.
*MS Students


^ Additionally, this photo from the padlet may also be used as evidence for emphasising with my target audience, as it is precisely my target audience, while also pointing out flaws and the problem of 9th-grade space as aforementioned, such as overcrowding and the constant noise in the space. This not only emphasises the problem but also how my space can provide a location for a student(s) to study quietly etc. Additionally pointing out why I have specifically chosen HS and MS students as my target audience, the basis being my personal experience and the need for such a space.




Survey Preface: “At ISB, personally, I feel as though there is a minimal selection of locations where a student can quietly and comfortably do homework or, more specifically, record something. For us, basically, we have the couches at the entrances, the cafeteria, and the library, which closes at 4:30. Time and time again, I have had to compromise and just go to the cafeteria. The intention of this survey is to collect the opinions and thoughts of students to determine whether if there is a need for a new space or the need to improve upon existing spaces. ”

Link: https://forms.office.com/Pages/ResponsePage.aspx?id=mg0rwMPcY0mWYd9SbtulfnnJdfczDRVGg3aP1rIEqgVUODFQVUhXMklGNEkwVFE1OEFDRDU4R1A1Ti4u

There are 30 Responses as of now. 

This survey was distributed via various 9th Group Chats. 

Most responses were by 9th graders, with around 5 exceptions for 10th grade and upperclassmen.

Questions and evidence:

Would you be interested in the space of which provided a quiet location for students (Potentially Teachers) to record audio or study during the day?
*Question 4 and 5 have been skipped
Would you be interested in having an additional smaller, quieter, and accessible space for students to study after school?

Through the data collected from the survey, we know that there is definitely a lack of spaces within ISB, as not only the majority but around 75% of students are recorded as having needed a new space whether for studying or recording etc. This demonstrates that there is a need for this space, as the audience and my requirements corroborate with one another.

Design Studio: Spectacular Spectacles



( W I P ) 


To-do list:

  • Elaborate on each virtue as outlined in the audience paragraph, i.e. minimalism.
  • Add 2 (1) more images of glasses to Padlet and elaborate on how and what aspects had inspired you and your design.
  • Curate at least 6 images with annotations for general inspiration that came to you during your first sketches, and when further along with the project, how they regard to your user and product.
  • Create an additional 2 point perspective drawing of the final design.
  • Draw an additional 2 drawings, one isometric, one a 2d overview, both for the design of circular glasses.
  • The paragraph before ‘Reflection’ requires further elaboration on Precious plastics, especially their mission statement.
  • Further adding onto how previous assignment had inspired you to use recycled plastics along with certain products.
  • Characteristics of how your particular user had impacted your designs, not only their glasses but their style. Example being certain video games or popular brands and the ideologies and image that come with them.
  • Further elaboration on arms iterations, (*relate back to personal anecdote and experience*nts).









For my target audience, originally, on the first day of our project, I had ventured out to seek the opinions of my closest friends regarding their interests, preferences, and inclinations for products specifically for technology; I scantily outline this in my padlet however, as I proceeded along with my project, I started to create it with a broader audience in mind, making the design more accessible. Conclusively, I had landed on my audience being those of whom, older than a tween, being who the best suited for my design; quite a large demographic. Henceforth, I had continued to design my glasses with these virtues in mind: Simplicity, accessibility, comfort, and minimalism. After engaging in conversations with people about what they appreciate in a product, these are the virtues in which they believe in the most; I think through keeping these aspects in mind, I will achieve in creating a proper pair of spectacles, specifically for my user.

*My Following Report Will be in Chronological Order*

Made with Padlet


For our first days working on this project, we were asked to first gather an idea of glasses that already exist and any preferences our audience or user have towards products or glasses. Below are the first concepts of glasses that I thought was worthwhile and a mindmap of the key terms I had gathered from surveying my friends; through this, I had begun to grasp a vague idea of the project that I was to follow.

(Inspirations on Padlet, Refer to the bottom of page*)


During this stage in our design process, we were still online; hence, we focused heavily on the techniques within visual arts, such as isometric and two-point perspective sketches. Below are some sketches I did, documenting the process of this discovery.

These are my first attempts at drawing glasses with the techniques of isometric, two-point perspective, and 2d overview sketches.
For my first isometric drawings, I had drastically over-estimated the dimensions of said glasses, and I ended up having to draw another rectangle within the sketch. Furthermore, the arms of the glasses were askew when compared with one another; hence, when I continued with my next sketch, I had kept in mind certain aspects to pay specific attention to, such as the size of the glasses with regard to the rectangle and making sure it would fit comfortably. Moreover, my sketch of the 2d glasses was also troubled with the same issues, the size and dimensions of the glasses were off, and the front-facing view does not corroborate with the rest of the design.

For my final drawings, I wanted to focus on my final designs, so all these drawings will be of the glasses I would have picked for my final designs. For my 2 dimensional drawings, as aforementioned, I wanted to make sure that the dimensions will be the same within the drawing, so I made sure the glasses from all angles would fit within the confines of each section; top, side, front. For my three dimensional drawings, I wanted to make sure they were neat and did not have any untidy or jagged lines. After I was done, I had removed the rectangle for the isometric drawing, so when I was done, only glasses were left, visible in the image below.

Adobe Illustrator(Will Elaborate): 



When we made the transition from online back to campus, we also started to turn our sketches; our design into Adobe Illustrator files for laser cutting. Before we could directly get to cutting and designing our prototypes, you must learn syntax before you can write an essay. Hence, we had 2 lessons where we began to learn the basics of Adobe Illustrator, including the pen tool, vanishing points and more. Below are images of my progress through learning with the pen tool.

*Switch to Personal Computer









Here is where we began to create our designs. Initially, when I created my design for prototyping, there was a problem, when I had reflected the design, there was an imperfection within the bridge of the glasses, with consultations to Mr Griffin, that was properly remedied by the joining of the two points, not only an extension of the lines but a merge between them. Along with this, minor changes were also added, such as smoothing out the lines, and the addition of these two circles, of which I was inspired by the exhausts of large trucks and how there are sometimes two are on either side.




Here was my design finalised for my first prototype, apparent in the prototype images below. I had originally cut only the frame of the glasses as I had ran out of time for that lesson, then cut the arms after designing them the following lesson.

The image directly below depicts iterations of the arms of my glasses,


Below are the final design for my glasses. Through prototyping a second time I had changed only a few minor things, primarily the dimensions, from those fitting an 8-year-old to those of whom, older than the age of 12, as aforementioned in my audience paragraph. Along with this, I had decided to add a folding aspect to my glasses, like the glasses I have mentioned in my padlet above ^. However, for this unit, we, unfortunately, do not have access to the hinges required to make such a design, so I had to only conceptualise the concept by cutting the middle, and glue it together to show a concept of the design, once again, the photos of which, are below. Additionally, one minor, minuscule thing I had changed was the change of cutting the circles to etching them, but sadly there was an error with the files, so my final designs all included cut circles, the only one being etched being my second prototype, nonetheless, a small problem.


The folded glasses is the second prototype, of which when assembling the arms, it broke, forcing me to only show them in a “folded” position, furthermore, the changes I had made during the prototyping process are outlined above.

Final Design: 

The three images below depict a concept of multi-folding component glasses, as aforementioned.




This image is of the construction, a “BTS” of sorts, concerning the creation of the concept above, I had first attached each half of the arms to one another, then to the frames, to depict half the model, after that, glueing then on top of each other, portraying the concept I had imagined.



*Last class –

This picture is of my final design, unassembled, as it came to me today, but sadly I had run out of time to assemble them and was only able to take a photo. This design also required further tweaking, and sanding on the sides of the edge, particularly for the segments made of recycled materials for glueing.

Required Further tweaking to glue

Last Class*

Furthermore, for my final design, I decided to include an aspect of sustainability. For my design, I have printed two pairs of glasses, one being regular black acrylic, another composed of hard recycled plastic, with the help of Precious Plastics. Subsequently, for my final pair, the frame will be made of acrylic, while the arms of recycled plastic, ending up in these two materials wonderfully complementing each other, perhaps, even making them special.

*Images of the final products below:



How is your final design concept an effective response to your user? What makes this design successful?

What went well with your process and product? What would you improve if you had more time? What will you do differently next time, and why?

I think, all in all, considering all the difficulties of between going online then the transition back to campus, amidst this disorder, I like to believe that I have advanced with the design process whilst improving vital skills in illustrator and procreate. If given the opportunity and time, I would like to endeavour through the process of producing a product of genuine innovation and ingenuity. Nonetheless, considering the pure patience and aptitude required to do so, I believe I have met my own standards of design considering the confines of this project.

As Mr Griffin has said, my glasses are not exactly “Innovative”; however, I would like to challenge that prospect by saying, yes, my glasses, though orthodox, are a staple of nobility by virtue of their simplicity. Steve Jobs once said, “It is humility [that] behoves all of us to remember that simplicity is the sign of greatness, and meekness is the sign of true strength.” This uncomplicated design has prevailed through generations, and not without good reason; if this design were ineffectual in its ability to function as a pair of glasses, then it would have been long replaced; this is the nature of our world. To conclude, I believe that though conventional, these glasses have met my criteria for success, both for functionality, design and that of my user.



Additional Links:


Padlet (WIP): https://isbeijing.padlet.org/kunwaiericho/50ypmx735yun890o


Reading Reflection #1

This book is about Mike Tate, who’s 16 and a sophomore in high school. This book targets people my age, you can see it in the writing. The way the author is trying to use the language used by teenagers, and describing scenes through Mike’s eyes.

English Novel Reflection (After Lunar New Year)

I am currently reading through the first Hunger Games novel, and so far, it has been a stunningly enticing read. I chose this book because, over the years, I have heard lot’s of hype and fandom surrounding this series, and I wanted to check it out for myself. I remember seeing the films a couple of years back and enjoying them as well. It was fascinating to see certain aspects of this authoritarian, dystopian government to things I have seen and experienced in the real world. I think that this creates a sense of realism which further makes this book more enticing. Furthermore, I think that the book has just simply been entertaining to read; the story is compelling and interesting.

Recycled Soft Plastic Wallet

Our task is to design a pouch, wallet, or purse out of recycled plastics, utilising the heat press. The purpose of this project is to employ single-use plastics that were previously going to be thrown away and turn that into a product we can use.
Below are some images of what I have working on.



This first picture is the first sheet that I had been experimenting on; I attempted to create the most diverse and colourful sheet that I could make by trying to add a multitude of different variations of plastics.






This second picture is quite simple; I had found an orange piece of plastic, often used in fruit packaging, and I thought that It would make for an interesting shape and pattern if I directly pressed this piece onto another flat of a white piece of plastic.

Update –

I have found that if were to create the card slots for my wallet out of this material, the material would be too weak. So, I found many pieces of foam similar to the one I had pressed the fruit rapper onto previously. I then proceed to press the sheets of foam-like plastic onto the back of the material I had to make earlier. I pressed it on the back as to not disrupt the pattern and colour on the front of the sheet. After doing this repeatedly, I found that it had significantly reinforced the strength of the material.




The final picture depicts my attempt at making an interesting pattern on an otherwise plain piece of trash. When I had first pressed the black plastic together with the semi- foamy plastic, the result was a little strange. The texture of the plastic was quite wrinkled and coarse, so to counter this, I found a clear and shiny piece of plastic, like the plastic around a brand new iPhone box, and pressed it onto the sheet. The result was quite successful; the sheet of plastic ended up a lot more ascetically pleasing and a lot smoother.





Update – This is a sheet given to me by Mr Griffin, I decided to use it as it had many colours, so I thought it could go along well with my other sheet. After adding different pieces and pressing it, then cutting it into the shape, this is what it looked like. This is going to be the backside of the wallet.

Update – This is the first sheet I made earlier, and I have cut the sheet into the shape I need in order to make it into a wallet. I got the fold I need from these two piece (Which is a hard material) by putting it into the press for only one second or two. This made a pretty good and strong fold in both of them.


Update – This is the final form of my card slots after they have been countlessly re-pressed with more sheets of foam, and cut into the desired shapes.

This is my first attempt at stitching, technically my second attempt, before this, I had practised on some spare fabric, but this is the first time using the same material as the wallet.

After stitching on that spare piece of plastic, I decided that I had to start working on my wallet, or else I would run out of time. Unfortunately, I did run out of time, in two senses. I had to leave to my next block, and the school would be shut down the very next day. So, as a result, I only finished a quarter of the wallet.

This is a sheet I made as I was preparing to make my second wallet. Obviously, that did not pan out. This was also given to me by Mr Griffin, and I followed the same steps as before, regarding the fold of the sheet and its creation.

Sketches –

Draft 1

This is my first sketch, and it was my first time using Procreate on my Ipad, and I did everything freehand and did not use colour. Additionally, I attempted to use arrows to show how the wallets worked.

Draft 2

In my second sketch, firstly, I wanted to have different perspectives on my wallet, so I drew the backside, and the bird’s eye’s view, and in addition to this, I drew the wallet with straight lines the best I could, whilst adding colour.

Draft 3

In my third sketch, I attempted to create a more plausible and realistic product by curing the lines of the wallet in a fluent manner. Furthermore, I added an Id card in the card slot to give perspective to the viewer, as to how the product would function, and the relative size of the wallet.

Draft 4

As for my final sketch, I wanted to improve the sketch in two areas; the texture of the wallet, and the size of my lines. Firstly, the texture; adding more texture to my sketch would bring more realism and authenticity to my drawing, so after a bit of experimenting and tweaking I added some texture using a brush, so if you zoom in, you should be able to see, a kind of worn and rustic texture pattern that has been added to my sketch. Moreover, regarding the lines, I had simply made the size of the brush skinnier and tried to keep my lines as uniform as possible, one way I did this was by zooming in extremely close and erasing any protruding lines or edges. Additionally, I drew another picture, one inspired by a sketch my classmate Paul has previously shared. This sketch would show both the backside and front of the wallet, whilst portraying how the wallet works. Drawing this sketch would also help me practice drawing a 3d object to an extent. This sketch would be the culmination of everything I had learned on procreate thus far, including the use of textures, and thin, neat, uniform lines.


In hindsight, the sketching would have been the most, challenging part of the whole project. I am, by far, not a visual artist, at least not a great one, so drawing and experimenting for hours on Procreate was the biggest challenge for me. Looking back, if I had more time, I would have just wanted to finish the project, it was a real shame that we could not have, nevertheless, if I could start all over again, I do not think I would change anything. Everything I did had a clear purpose, and more importantly, I enjoyed it.


Poster Sketch

This is my mock-up for the poster I am planning on making. Since I am doing this on ProCreate, I have the privilege to import my previous sketches onto my mock-up, and on the mock-up, this purpose of this sketch being so that one can see where and what my main points are going to be.

(This was made before my 4th Sketch)


Final Poster

https://isbeijing.padlet.org/kunwaiericho/xm2bdoyu06ynxug. (Link To PADLET)

English Novel Reflection 2

The last reflection, I predicted that Mike, the main character, would win his Student council election, and the school would soon find out that he’s gay. Since then, most of my predictions are coming true, he’s now the vice president, and he owns up to his sexual orientation in a way. Last time I wrote that this book is supposed to be relatable, now I think this book is less relatable, and that’s not the main thing the author tried to do with this story. I now think he tried to make this story all about the plot and tried to make it as intriguing at possible. One theme is that Mike is slowly coming out, it isn’t a one time things, but it’s a process. Although this story relatable to many, I think the targeted audience is much smaller and specific.

End of Project Space Race Blog Post

For this project, we dove into the Space Race, and the cold wars, between the US, and the Soviets Union. We learned about the Apollo missions and the purpose and abilities of rovers that are being sent to Mars. Using this knowledge we learned about science and history, we then had to create our own company to inhabit another planet of our choosing. Then for our exhibition, we pitch to investors our company and objective.



One Interesting thing I reflected upon was that during the cold war, and the Space race, there was an immense competition between the USSR and the US, and this helped thrived innovation in both countries, which helped birth many technologies we take for granted today. This made me realize how competition is a very strong motivation for creativity and innovation.

This project helped have several realizations. Firstly, one prime, fundamental reason us humans, innovate is to Solve Problems, we have a constant urge to progress by trying new things, and by solving issues. The simplest definition of the word, technology, is a tool, we use technology as a tool to communicate, determine, workout, and find solutions to problems.

Looking back on this project, I realize that innovation is a massive part of the purpose of humans, to advance and progress our civilization. It’s in our very souls, and existence that we strive to help and protect ourselves and each other. But in the process of advancement, tragedy often strikes, we sabotage ourselves while trying to do the opposite. But we always power through and learn from tragedies, and we use it as an advantage, and come out much stronger than before.

CNY Door Design Challenge Reflection

the Scale is 1cm: 10cm

Design Sketch

My Design Sketch was taken and thrown away by George while we were working because we used my Sketch to often refer to when making the Door.

.                                                                                                                           This is our Door

My biggest obstacle was working with the amount and size of the gold paper. At first, we wanted to cut out the Chinese characters individually but we aligned the Character really of centre and just sloppy in general. So we decided to cover the Character, we did this by printing the characters onto the gold paper. But the paper had really strange dimensions so we had to cut each piece of paper and some wouldn’t print so we had to cut them and put them on the paper by hand.

One thing I’d like to change is the alignment of the door, nothing is really done with much exact precision because we were rushing and it was pretty messy. I would just take more time to do everything a bit more meticulously.

One piece of advice I would give a future student doing this project is to manage your time when doing the project. My group while we finished early we still didn’t manage our time well. In the end, there were still many imperfections on the door.

Feedback from Door owner:
Messy, unorganized, and could be improved.

Links and pictures of things that inspired our design.


Phone Holder Design Challenge


Phone Box In Use    

More Photos

Sketches/analysis of existing locker organization solutions

Design sketches of your product

And  more


 Feedback Carousel

  • My biggest success was being able to successfully friction fit the Box into the locker because I accidentally made the box 0.5 Millimeters too big so I had to sand a lot.

  • My biggest obstacle was when I cut out the phone box but I accidentally made the box 0.5 Millimeters too big so I had to sand the sides for 1 and a half blocks. In the end, it didn’t even look like wood.

  • Skills that I learned or developed were glueing these wood boards together, last years I just kind off threw everything together and it was a little messy, and now I know to use a Q-tip to not make the final product really messy and make wood glue go everywhere.