Short History: The Boxer Rebellion took place on November 2, 1899 and ended on September 7,1901. It almost lasted for 2 years and countless people died from this war. The Boxers – The Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists – were a large-scale secret society that fought against foreigners. Their resistance eventually drawn the country into a war with 8 alliance countries.
The Boxers deserved a bad rap during the rebellion because they were unreasonable and unacceptably violent to everyone. First of all, one of the reasons that the war occurred was because the Boxers blamed that the natural disasters were caused by the foreigners, especially by Christians. They believed that the Christians irritated their own gods so the entire provinces were being punished with drought. However, their beliefs were completely preposterous because natural disasters could not be their faults. People – whether they are Christians, foreigners, or Chinese – do not possess any preternatural powers that can control nature. Thus, the Boxers deserved a bad rap since they had an awkward reason for the war. Secondly, the Boxers killed an innumerable amount of innocent people during the Boxer rebellion. By late 1899, the Boxers openly assassinated civilians, including thousands of Chinese Christians and approximately 200~250 foreign nationals, mostly Christian Missionaries. Slaughtering those guiltless civilians cannot be justified in any case. They even did not try to find other better ways, such as negotiations like they did during the Opium Wars, and simply killed them. Furthermore, the Boxers burned churches, foreign residences, and legations and killed suspected Chinese Christians on sight, which means that they could accidentally killed non-Christians (Click the tags to understand how they cruelly threatened foreigners!). Lastly, the Boxers drew the whole country into a chaos. Since the Boxers’ major targets were foreigners and Christian missionaries, they slaughtered them without mercy. However, their actions eventually resulted eight countries – Austria Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States – to alliance and attack China (Click the “Canal Street” tag). China was not strong enough to fight back the eight-nation alliance, so they were defeated. As a result, forts were destroyed, the Boxers and Chinese government officials were punished, foreign legations were permitted, China was prohibited from importing arms and had to pay more than $330 million to the foreign nations, and most importantly, the Qing dynasty collapsed. The Boxers’ resistance only resulted China into a worser situation, so they did deserve a bad rap.