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Project Trade Up Driving Question Reflection

How Do Societies Meet Their Needs?

In Project Trade Up, we learned about many interesting topics including how societies prospered and thrived and what they needed to do that, different kinds of markets and economies and about industries and their kinds. This was fascinating because it helped me understand how we got the luxuries we have now and revealed how society developed into what it is now. It also made me understand about the aspects of the market and how we get all the products in it. So, we learned about many interesting things. For example, kinds of economies, types of industries, the factors of development and how all of this contributed to how a society prospers.

Completing this project I learned that there are two main kinds of economies- Command Economy and Market Economy. In a command economy, the government tells how much of what will be produced, distributed and consumed. The factories, harvesting sites etc. are all owned by the government. The workers working there also work under the government itself. So here, the government will control what goes into the market. For example, the government can tell the farmers that only 10,000 red apples and 5,000 green apples will be grown and sold. So, the only fruits in the market would be 10,000 red apples and 5,000 green apples. Then, this will be distributed among the people. However, in a market economy, the government doesn’t play that big of a role. The market is controlled by the factories and farms themselves, who are not owned by the government. In this economy, there is a lot more competition. The producers also have to keep supply and demand in mind. They have to know that if the supply is more and demand is less, they will suffer a loss, if demand is more and supply is less, they can raise the price, if demand and supply are equal, it is good for everyone and if demand is less and so is the supply, they can reduce the prices, get stuff all sold out and then get newer things in the market. However, most countries are a mix of both economies. Such economy is called Mixed Economy where the government controls certain aspects of the market and the producers and consumers control others.

I also learned that there are four types of industries- Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary. The primary industry is about providing raw materials like wood etc. Secondary industry is about using the raw materials to create products like furniture etc. Tertiary industry concerns with the provision of services like education etc. And Quaternary industry involves the intellectual services that add on to the development of the society like medical scientists to make medicine etc.

One has to keep in mind the location of where the industries will be based. If the location of a society is in a desert, they can not choose the fishing industry since they don’t have a lot of water bodies. We had to do this for our civilization too. I had chosen wood cutting, fishing, pulp extraction, forestry and farming for primary industries, wood working, rubber production, paper production and tea production for secondary industries, laborers, teachers, doctors/ nurses, hotels/ restaurants for tertiary industries and design, sciences and architecture for quaternary industries.

Coming to the factors of development of a society, there are many. One of the most important ones is location. The location of a society can both support it or lead to its downfall. If the location is not right, then they would not have any resources of their own. Trade will be an option, but it is not the most reliable thing to depend on completely since the trading partner can always betray you or go bankrupt. Also, you will need to have something that interests them for them to keep trading with you. So, if the location is not good, then the society will be in trouble. However, if it is good, then the civilization will get a head start. The resources that will be obtained from the good land will be used to build good industries. Then, these can turn into fantastic sources of income and the society will not only survive, but also prosper and thrive.

Apart from academic topics, I also learned a lot about myself as a learner. I think I did pretty good as a communicator. I would share my ideas and put my opinions out there. I also did well as a thinker and researcher since I thought my answers through and made sure I used reliable sources and cited them wherever necessary. Being a collaborator was also mostly good. I would keep my group members and myself on track whenever necessary and so would they. I would also urge others to talk in discussions when they seemed to have stopped doing so. My group members were also pretty supportive and played their own role very well too. One thing we all could work on is maintaining stress so that we all don’t burst out yelling at each other every time we are worried.

All in all, looking back on Project Trade Up, I learned a lot about societies and what helps them thrive. For example, I learned that there are two major types of economies (Command and Market) but most countries follow a third type of economy (Mixed), there are four types of industries (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary), there are many things that help a society grow and prosper (location is an important one) and that if the location is right, it affects everything.

Keeping all the new things I learned in mind, there were a few changes in my thinking too. Before this project I used to think that there was just one kind of economy- one where some parts were controlled fully by the government and others were controlled by us. Now I know that is not true. There are, in fact, three economies only one of which being what I described in my past thoughts.

As for the answer to the driving question “How do Societies meet their needs,” I now know that there are many factors of development that help a society succeed. These factors affect everything- the industries, the economy, the trade and foreign relations and of course, the level of success.

Finally, Project Trade Up was a very fun and educative learning experience. I learnt a lot of new things. I enjoyed building my own civilization and working with my group. I had a lot of questions that confused me at the beginning of the project and they were all answered as we progressed. However, a question I still have is that keeping all the problems we have now and the success of ancient civilizations, would the civilization of the present– our civilization- be considered fully successful.

Project Consume Driving Question Reflection

How do consumer choices impact the world?


A consumer is someone who buys and/or consumes “stuff”. We all are consumers. Every day in our lives, we pass several points where we have to make a choice. Whether it be going shopping with friends, eating at a new restaurant or buying milk from the local grocery store, all these choices count. Since these choices are made by the consumer, they are called Consumer Choices and they have a large impact on the world.

We make several Consumer Choices. For example, we all eat food. When we decide to eat something, we are making a choice. Our food choices affect the world profusely too. Like, if we choose to eat beef, the large amounts of trees cut down to make grounds for cattle raising is an impact. Cows from which beef is produced drink 30- 50 gallons of water per day, which makes 10,950- 18,250 gallons of water per cow annually. Also, cows release a lot of methane which is harmful for the environment since it is a greenhouse gas. Not to mention the fact that not everyone in this world is being fairly fed. If that were to happen, and people had the same food choices as in the present, then imagine how many cows would have to be raised, how much water will be used and how many forests would have to be cut down. And that is just one example of a choice. We make many more such choices every day that have a way bigger impact than we pay thought to on the world.

During Project Consume, we learnt how impacts were divided into 3 types which were also called the “3 Lenses of Sustainability”: Environmental, Social and Economic. During the project, I researched about impacts of Tobacco and I learnt several new things.

Tobacco is found in cigarettes. Chemicals from cigarette butts are not biodegradable. Lit cigarettes when discarded can cause fires. The packaging is not easily recycled and just like the product itself, cannot be degraded. Batteries from e-cigarettes need special disposal. Those are some of the many environmental effects. As for social, tobacco is the main reason for premature deaths in many countries killing more than 7 million people annually. Smoke from cigarettes is harmful for both the smoker, and people around them who are exposed to second- hand smoke. It also has economic impacts like how it is the cause of 15% of the total health care expenditure in high- income countries. World Health Organization predicts that smoking causes $500 billion of economic damage globally etc.

During Project Consume, we also learned about the resources that are used to produce something. Resources like trees, water, fossil fuels, rocks etc. My group and I focused on trees. We realized that apart from the fact the several of the products we use (like medicine, wooden furniture, paper, rubber, syrup, food etc.), trees impact the environment by balancing the carbon dioxide and oxygen levels in the air, holding the soil together etc. They also impact the economy since we trade wood and a lot of people work in the woodwork industry etc. Those are just a few impacts.

All in all, the “Three Lenses of Sustainability” are a way to divide the impacts of “stuff” on the world. Everything has an impact on the world and makes a difference. No impact is too small. As for the question, we can say that consumer choices impact the world in many different ways (can be divided using the lenses of sustainability) and we must monitor these impacts In order to have a safer, healthier world.

Places to visit During Each Season (四季最好的去处)






在夏天,印度 是最好的去处。在印度你可以去很多的地方。马那里是最好的地方。在夏天也,你可以看雪。是有点儿冷。马那里的夏天从三月到六月。夏天的天气有点儿冷有点儿热,有时候晴天,有时候多云。马那里的夏天气温从三(最低的气温)度到 二十度(最高的气温)。







Ignite week 3 (Personalise it)- Guide through grade 7

The best part of making this was editing. I learnt how to do a lot of new things. Watching me draw in fast motion turned out to be quite satisfying. However, recording the drawing itself was pretty hard since I had to make sure there weren’t any unnecessary mistakes and the art was aesthetic and fit into the camera. Also, sometimes, editing made me a little dizzy. I am grateful and planned out exactly when I had to do what and stuck to the plan (from Develop and Plan). That helped me finish this project on time.
I am most proud of how this video turned out.  I think this would not waste anyone’s time. It is also quite entertaining to watch, according to the feedback I got. The art makes me feel good since I am not amazing at simple character drawings. I like to draw more complex things. IN a few words, the final product made me very proud.
If I could do one thing differently, it would definitely be drawing a tad bit faster so that I don’t end up with an hour long of drawing’s recording for just 16 minutes of audio.


Ignite week 3 (Personalise it)- Guide through grade 7


In this picture, the narrator is drawing something related to what they say instead of enacting it or simply speaking it and making it a podcast.My inspiration were the videos shown in class by our teachers in which the narrator conveyed things through drawing on what looked like a whiteboard.  I thought that this would be a good idea because it would help me practice my public speaking, editing (movie making) and drawing skills. For this I needed a topic and I chose to build upon my very first Ignite week. I decided to make a drawn video on 7th Grade. But the thing with this idea is that it would challenge me in a lot of areas.  (That is another reason I like it). One of them is that I am not very awesome at editing. I would have to figure out how to do a lot of things like making an upside down video right etc. I will also have to figure either to speed draw or edit the video and make it fast (which again, would be challenging).  I would also have to record my audios the right way, without annoying background noises.


For the first step, I made a script. Here is a sneak peek into it. I would not be able to add the entire script since the file size is too big and also, it is for the final blogpost. So, here is my script’s first draft.

A sneak peek of the first part of my script.

While making my script, I realised that this video might be too long. So, I set a target for a maximum of 15 minutes and trimmed the script. I also had to keep in mind that I was going to draw whatever I said. That helped me trim my script too. I  got my ideas by brainstorming and also by looking up such videos on the internet. I got a lot of wonderful ideas.

I realised that my video must be fun but useful. So, I added a few funny lines and dramatic effects along with a few easter eggs in the video.

To make my week more organised and productive, I decided to make a plan for the week.


here is the plan (full size exceeded the maximum upload limit)


Here is my plan in short-

I could not add a bigger image due to space quota

While editing I realised that I had to turn the video upside down. This was another challenge I faced but overcame.

Sustainablue’s Collaboration blog post

From the collaboration self- rating document we did, I noticed myself doing well in most areas of collaboration. I do my part of any job on time and urge my group members (including myself) to pick their pace and finish a task so that we can be ahead of the task list and get full funding or be safe. I share my ideas and let others share their ideas too. I compromise when necessary for the better of our venture. I also help my team advance towards the shared goal. My team members are trusted by me, and I believe that they will do what they have to for the best of Sustainablue. This increases positivity in the team and collaboration too. We all cooperate with each other to get things done and when one of us starts to fall behind or get distracted, the other(s) bring them back on track. This also helps our team be on time with tasks and deadlines and smoothly finish whatever needs to be done.

However, me and my team members do get distracted sometimes. This slows down our typically consistent speed of working which affects our venture and its additions to the shared goal of working towards SDG 14. To become a better collaborator, I will need to increase my speed of doing tasks so that I can help my team stay on track and work better and faster. To do that, I will need to stop getting distracted and help my team members not get distracted too.

So, as a claim, I am doing well as a collaborator by doing my part of the job and urging others to do theirs when they don’t do it but I can improve by stopping being distracted.

In my group, I knew I was supposed to make a logo for the team. I started that and bubbled up an idea way before the logo workshop was even talked about. My group about it and kind of finalised it as our logo even before the workshop started. I am supposed to be sending our group’s adult mentor links to the blog posts we write. I always urge my group members to finish the blog posts and send their links away way before the due date.  I even created a Team on Office 365 for us to work on and be put together. I picked a few required applications to help us work and be more organised so that we are more successful. However, not long ago, me and my group member kind of went off track for about 20 minutes and although we did not ditch the work for Sustainablue and start doing something else, we did start messing around with the already done work. After that, we did get on track but the time that is lost is lost forever. If we stopped doing that, I am sure that, with our cooperation, collaboration and team spirit, we will be able to successfully do our work, and not only submit it on time, but also raise the chances of PTA members and other facilitators appreciating our product considering the stamina and time we would put into it.

Sustainablue’s prototype blog

Our Prototype 1’s-

The not

The bilingual glue sign

The PTA pass

While making this prototype, there were many new things I learnt.  I learned that the design of what you are laser cut should be quite perfect so that nothing is cut off your design. The design is supposed to be close together with other designs too. Also, I realised how blue felt was so much more brighter and came out more than red felt but red felt matched the card stock more. I also realised that felt did not directly stick to the card stock like I had expected. Also, at the end we figured that we did not really have thread and it would also cost more money than expected if we went to buy it, even if what we bought was cheap. Not to mention, it would take time to measure the thread and then cut it and then repeat it 10,000 times. So, I bought file attachments from my mom’s office. They did not cost us anything, were stronger and did not consume any time since they were pre-cut.  Additionally, I realised that the backpack design did not really work out, so we would have to work on that. Plus, the hole was too on top and close to the end of the card stock. I realised that this could be making our tags less strong. So maybe moving the hole a bit below would make our tag stronger.

I wonder if this colour is better for our target audience? Also, I wonder what other stationary items we will use?  How will we recreate the back pack design? Would my teammates agree on moving the hole? More importantly, is it a good idea to move it away from the edge? I also wonder how long it would take to make more than 70 tags?  Also, what should be our logo and where can we put it?

Sustainablue’s Investor meeting

On Monday, 29 April, 2019, we pitched to a parent (our investor) about our business and they provided use with feedback on our . current status. She gave us a lot of constructive feedback and points to think of as we continued to proceed towards making a prototype. A thing she said that was good about us our one warm feedback she gave us was our mutual cooperation and understanding of this project and this business. She liked how we knew why our product was needed.  She also informed us that due to our mutual understanding, all of us seemed like a good team together who were ready for what cam before us in this business. She seemed to like the fact about how we had a charity and SDG to participate towards and also how we had done our market research to know what we had to do. She also seemed impressed when she saw us readily agree on doing further research even though it required time and energy. She did ask us to do more market research since we seemed to be ‘guessing’ a few things like what colours and labels for stationary items teachers might like. She explained to us how this would help us identify the potential design of our product better. While we were explaining to her about our profit, she explained to us that the range between our profit and expenses was way too less and this might result in us being unprepared for unexpected expenses. So she encouraged us to try to wien that range. Although we want the product to be cheap. So we told her that. She said that we might try selling the tags in bundles like 4 for 25 (instead of 20) to create a profit of 5 more yuan. I thought this might be a good idea since the thing about our profit increasing will be true while our tags would be of the same price. Although a con for this might be that other groups wold be selling larger, potentially more interesting product than ours for the same price. So, the price would increase even more. This bought me thinking about it. Also, we discussed about how we could possibly advertise to the audience so that a wider range of people came to know about our product and how it was good and why or how they should buy it. We exchanged talks about methods we could squeeze in between teacher Wednesday meetings, or maybe the placement in the PTA store and even maybe talking to people one on one and asking them to spread the news. Being the marketing director, I would further spend my time thunking about this along with doing my other jobs too.

Me and my group have started our second survey and have also started receiving replies. Hopefully, the replies would come on time for our final ‘make -time’ so that we can create these tags better.

Mission and team of Sustainablue

We are –


Mission statement-

Creating ecological organisational tools for a more organised community and cleaner ocean.

My role-

Marketing director, Manager

My role in Sustainablue’s team is to manage the team’s documents and communicate with the mentor. I manage the marketing which includes creating a slogan and logo for the team to make it easier for people to remember us and so they can associate us with something catchy. Also, I am the member responsible for advertising. Basically I am the interface between potential customers, vendors or investors and our team.

My group members have their own roles of Finance manager and design person and each have their own names to call themselves. They have their own different responsibilities to carry. All our roles are vital for our team and each of us are pillars to hold it together.

Manjishtha Rai

Marketing director and Manager at Sustainablue


Web  Email

Futures Academy, grade7, project entrepreneurship




Market Research of Sustainablue

Screen shots from our market research survey. We interviewed a total of 32 people and of that, 21 people were interested in buying our product. But of those 32 people, only 16 or so gave a recommendation and we mention them in our final survey sheet because the blog post site was not letting us have a larger image of each screenshot (it was exceeding the limit).

We asked these questions on the survey-

Would you be willing to purchase long-term, environmentally friendly labels foryour classrooms? 


Do you feel like purchasing the item could potentially help with organization in your classroom? 

If you already have an organized classroom, what are the labels you use made of? 

What are some possible supplies that you use in your classroom? 

Is there any reason why you wouldn’t purchase this item? 


What price range do you think the product should be priced at? 

Is there anything else you would like to add? 



Things I learnt-

  1. People would rather not pay for organising the classrooms and would want the school to pay.
  2. People want the product quite cheap.
  3. People would prefer bilingual tags. So we will have to figure out space to put that on our tags.

Wonders I have-

  1. What would be the cost of the materials?
  2. How much waste will we create and how will we manage that?

Things we might improve-

  1. Create different dimensions for product to be versatile and to be used as instrument tags and washroom or PTA passes.


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