FM1: A Story in 5 Shots – Research

1. Identify the 5 shots in the 5-shot sequence

  • Extreme Close-up (ECU)
  • Close-up (CU)
  • Medium Shot (MS)
  • Point of view/Over the shoulder (POV/OTS)
  • Interesting/Unusual Shot


2. Describe the shot sizes in the first 4 shots (from what to what part of the body, for example)

An extreme close-up is a shot which only focuses on a single characteristic of an object or actor. Examples of extreme close-ups of the actor include the nose, eyes, mouth or hands. The full screen will only focus on one of these features. An example of extreme close-ups of an object is the home page of the character’s phone. This allows the audience to see everything in detail.

A close-up shot is often used for showing the actor’s face or to show a specific action. A close-up shot of the face starts at the forehead and ends at the chin. This increases intimacy between the audience and the actor which causes the audience to better understand what the character is feeling. An example of a close-up to show a specific action is when the character is folding clothes. The shot would only include the actor’s hand and the clothes they are folding.

A medium shot is the most used shot. A medium shot tends to start at the top of the actor’s head and ends at their waist or knees. We do not see the full body of the actor. This creates a basic relationship between the actor and the audience. Medium shots also give the audience a clue on where the actor currently is as the background is visible. An example of a medium shot is a girl sitting in the library reading a book. The shot would only include her head to her knees.

A point of view or over the shoulder shot is used to show a connection between two characters. This shot must include one of the actors shoulder or head facing away from the camera. The shot will either focus on the actor holding their phone or on the other character our actor is talking to. This shows some type of relationship between the two people. An example would be an over the shoulder shot of someone video calling their friend.


3. Give a visual example of the 5th shot

Example 1.  Dutch Angle Shot (Crooked/Slanted shot)

Example 2. Overhead Shot