The goals of the Christian missionaries were to convert foreign people and spread national customs. however, they led to the deprecation of native customs, and the Boxer Rebellion.
The missionaries of America arrived in China to deliver the kind word of god. This is shown in SQ 2, part B, paragraph 2, sentence 3, it states: “We live and die for the Lord and China. The way to the coast is not open. We have not heard anything from Peking for nearly two months, but the way to the Lord is open, thanks be to Him. Let not your hands fail and do not lose courage. What we sow shall bear fruit in its time.” This shows that the people of C&MA and C.I.M societies are truly devoted to the lord and are willing to create religious settlements in China. These missionaries are willing to live and die for the lord if that’s what is required to convert the people of China to Christianity. When American missionaries approached China, they were still accustomed to American customs and lifestyle. They have not adapted to their native environment or culture, so many of the products they used are still American. In SQ 2, part A, sentence 4, it states: “They essentially exemplified the American lifestyle. They used American products; they were people who believed that American products were the best products.” This shows that the missionaries that used these products were clearly not only devoted to their religion, but to their culture. Some sentimental items were probably carried during those journeys, and the culture of their nation followed in the trail. When missionaries arrived in the province of China, the missionaries opened them for religious and diplomatic reasons. Foreign traders then pursued those provinces, and making business, selling foreign products. This resulted in natives adopting the customs as well, being proselytized to Christianity, and abandoned their old traditions. On page 1 of SQ 2.5, paragraph 3, it states: “Traditionally, entire communities would come together during times of drought and pray to the gods and ancestors for rain. Those villagers who had converted to Christianity, however, refused to participate in the rituals.” This shows that the old traditions that villagers were accustomed to were deserted by those that converted to Christianity. Because they were proselytized, they believe in a new god, so naturally, they would renounce their previous faith. But also, in times of desperation, people will join another religion for personal survival and benefit. During the moment these missionaries emerged in China, droughts, and floods were occurring in Shandong, where the Boxer Rebellion first appeared. The Boxers believed they could be possessed by divine spirits, that supported the eradication of Foreign Influence in China. They performed Martial Arts, detested Christianity, and retaliated with blood towards foreigners and Christians after a 2-year drought that occurred. Because they practiced Buddhism and Confucian beliefs, they saw Christians as threats to their culture. In the letter of Rongzhang, he says: “All the chaos in Beijing is because of the horrible crime that the foreign soldiers did. They burned many Catholic churches and buildings built by the foreigners, and there are also countless Christian/Catholic devotees dying in the rebellion.” Although many Christians are being killed, Chinese individuals were spared because of their lacked contact with foreign influence. As stated in Rongzhang’s letter: “The towns and counties nearby are all safe. The business is going on as usual. You don’t need to worry about my safety. Me and everybody else (his relatives) are all well. We will go back to visit you after autumn.” This demonstrates that the Boxers are kind to the Chinese, although aggressive towards foreigners. This shows that they are killing foreigners for the purpose of shattering the foreign religions that are plaguing the Chinese lands and infuriating the Gods. They did this because, as stated before, the foreign religions were replacing the ones already present in China, so Boxers saw them as a threat to Chinese culture.