Many countries have made school uniforms compulsory. But, school uniforms should not be compulsory, because school uniforms do not stop bullying, and take away the individuality and freedom of students. Although it may be argued that school uniforms keep students focused on their clothing, but overall if school uniforms were not compulsory, both schools and the students would benefit greatly.
School uniforms should not be compulsory, because school uniforms don’t stop bullying. A 1999 study conducted by experts from the Texas Southern University stated that bullying incidents increased by as much as 12% after the implementation of mandatory uniform wearing. (ProCon.org, 2018) This piece of evidence shows that school uniforms not only don’t stop bullying but have even increased the number of violent attacks. Which therefore enforces the idea that school uniforms should not be compulsory. Adding on to that argument, Jefferey Thomas, lecturer in Behaviour Management, University of Tasmania states that although some evidence shows how school uniforms create a sense of equality, bullying is still known to be a product of deeper power imbalances. (Sasha Petrova, 2019) Which shows again that school uniforms do not change or reduce bullying incidents, because school uniforms only show equality on the outside, and does not change the personality of someone. In conclusion to all the evidence above, school uniforms don’t stop bullying, and therefore should not be compulsory.
Another reason why school uniforms should not be compulsory is that school uniforms take away the individuality and freedom of students. It is believed that students have the right to choose what they wish to wear. The American Civil Liberties Union of Nevada stated that “allowing students to choose their clothing is an empowering message from the schools that a student is a maturing person who is entitled to the most basic self-determination.” (ProCon.org, 2018) This shows how important it is that students have freedom. School uniforms also interfere with a variety of religious beliefs. Ranae Barker, senior lecturer, University of Western Australia stated that of the 2018 population, 9% of the people under 18 years old were in a minority religion, such as Islam and Hinduism, and many school uniforms fail to take this into consideration. (Sasha Petrova, 2019) This is a reason why school uniforms should not be compulsory because many religions may have religious beliefs on certain colors or types of clothing. This shows another reason why school uniforms should not be compulsory because it takes away the individuality and freedom of students.
Opponents may argue that school uniforms should be compulsory because school uniforms keep students focused on academics instead of their clothing. The National Association of Secondary School Principles states, “When all students are wearing the same outfit, they are less concerned about how they look, and how they fit in with their peers; thus they can concentrate on their school work.” (ProCon.org) This shows that students are more focused in class when wearing school uniforms. However, studies also show results differently. David L. Brunsma, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), stated that uniforms were equally ineffective at academics between elementary students and eighth-graders. (ProCon.org) This piece of evidence states that although many may argue that school uniforms affect the grade of students, but it shows not to be.
In conclusion, school uniforms should not be compulsory, due to the facts that school uniforms don’t stop bullying, and take away the individuality and freedom of students. Even though it may be argued that school uniforms help with academics, but as you can see, there are way more benefits if uniforms were not compulsory.